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Logical consequence (X) Philosophy (X)

       
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The Silver Lining: Moral Deliberations in Modern Cinema

By: Sam Vaknin, Ph. D.

... time. Gödel's First Incompleteness Theorem states that every consistent axiomatic logical system, sufficient to express arithmetic, contains true ... ...mpleteness Theorem is even more earth- shattering. It says that no consistent formal logical system can prove its own consistency. The system may be ... ...dox in the "Principia Mathematica", ostensibly a comprehensive and self consistent logical system. It was enough to discredit the whole magnificent... ...cal logician, Kurt Gödel (1906-1978) dealt with the completeness and consistency of logical systems. A passing acquaintance with his two theorems w... ... time. Gödel's First Incompleteness Theorem states that every consistent axiomatic logical system, sufficient to express arithmetic, contains true ... ... exception: when something bad happens to the robot, its owner is shielded from the consequences by some kind of "firewall", or in-built defense. I... ...bly, bacteria and insects exert on Nature far more influence with farther reaching consequences than Man has ever done. Still, the "Law of the Mini... ...ranscendentalist spiritual connection with the inanimate (whatever that may be). In consequence, they refuse to intervene to counter or contain natu... ...he process. Like any psychopath, the USA believes that it should be immune to the consequences of its misconduct abroad. Hence its shock when al-Q...

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Theory of the Person

By: Antonio Mercurio

...ype of destruction that society has inflicted on women’s bodies. 9 The consequence has been that intrauterine life, for both women and men, is no... ...hate deadlock, and they were overcome by desperation, with its most direct consequence: suicide. In this situation, we see this problem acted out in... ...t in this life, on this earth. The important thing is that joy is a direct consequence of love and love implies a transformation. Isn’t it true that... ... ambivalent position towards their mothers, from birth onward. The possible consequences are either desperation, caused by a lack of faith that this ... ...at else are neurosis, psychosis, psychosomatic illness etc. except for the consequences we pay for having had to submit to the demands of the Psycho... ...e as a therapeutic process becomes like a regression, it breaks with every logical process. While you were talking, I was thinking about R. Laing’s ...

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Paradoxism and Postmodernism in Florenitin Smarandache's Work

By: Ion Soare

...s to read “our daily paradoxes” Smarandache has not certainly referred to the logical, mathematical or linguistic meaning of the word/notion “parado... ...y creation plan. A sulking and introverted nature as that of Ion Barbu could, logically, straighten and aspire only towards a somehow utopian world;... ...erican playwright, without having claims to destroying myths, has unexpected consequences, as the result is almost a tragicomedy, in what the antiq... ... postmodernity- reality and term also large, having a historic and social, in consequence, first of all, a temporal motivation. This finding couldn’t... ...ncipation, of autonomy. Moreover, it is suggested the idea of a chronological consequence. G. Bajenaru in his study “The paradoxist post-modernism (... ...tions or emphasized through paradoxist means, replace the ample, rational and logical poems of the postmodernism. Only an attentive eye, a subtle mi... ...geous disputes for the latter. Thus, the new (post)industrial world supposes, logically, the performance (not only at an intentional level) as well a... ...eption, fore the romantic revolution”(p.8). The next reader’s question appears logically: what else will follow after the loop’s closing? If we admit...

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A Unifying Field in Logics : Neutrosophic Logic. Neutrosophy, Neutrosophic Set, Neutrosophic Probability

By: Florentin Smarandache

...art of a National Science Foundation grant proposal for Interdisciplinary Logical Sciences. 1.2. Neutrosophy, a New Branch of Philosophy A) Etymo... ...etting all possible states from <P> to <Non-P> until <Anti-P>. And, as a consequence, for any two propositions <M> and <N>, there exist two referen... ...And, later, others will reinstall it back... Consequently, philosophy is logically necessary and logically impossible. Agostoni Steuco of Gubbio w... ...es to interpret each notion or theory by tracing its respective practical consequences". We mean to know reality through thought, and thought throug... ...y propositions (theorems, lemmas, etc.) (p 1 ), (p 2 ), ..., (p m ), by logical combinations of its axioms. Developing [C], we find all proposit... ...we find all propositions of [P] (p 1 ), (p 2 ), ..., (p m ), resulted by logical combinations of (a 1 ), (a 2 ), ..., (a n ), moreover other propos... ...), moreover other propositions (r 1 ), (r 2 ), ..., (r t ), resulted by logical combinations of (b) with any of (a 1 ), (a 2 ), ..., (a n ). Si... ...eterminacy, not only <good> or only <bad> - with rare exceptions, if its consequence is G% happiness (pleasure). In this case the action is G%-usef... ...by its conformity to given binding rules (deontology), and equally by its consequences. The same sentence is true in a reference system, and fa...

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Cyclopedia of Philosophy

By: Sam Vaknin

... is null and void. Any actions which are intended to terminate it and to annul its consequences should be legally and morally permissible. The sam... ...atements cannot be derived with certainty from any negative statement. This formal-logical trait reflects a deep psychological reality with unsettl... ...t. This formal-logical trait reflects a deep psychological reality with unsettling consequences. A positive statement about one's affiliation ("I ... ...nd self-aggrandizement, and the reification and embodiment of said subversion. The logical outcome is to call for the overthrow of all political sy... ...ute them. They dedicate all their attention to the immediate and ignore the future consequences of their actions. In other words, their attention a... ...g and, therefore, regards himself as omnipotent, omniscient and protected from the consequences of his own acts (immune) – the personality disorder... ...: a series of potentialities with attached probabilities, the potentials being the logically and physically possible products. What can we learn a... ...stitute a theory and produce falsifiable predictions. A metaphor is also subject to logical and aesthetic rules and to the rigors of the scientific ... ...its inclusion in the definer) is the very definition of a tautology, the gravest of logical fallacies. On the other hand: if such an external sour...

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Sextus Empiricus and Greek Scepticism

By: Mary Mills Patrick

...m the surname Empiricus would have been more appropriate, if it was given in consequence of prominence in the Empirical School. Sextus is known to th... ...ity to consist in subjective experience, but he does not follow this to its logical conclusion, and doubt the existence of anything outside of mind.... ...er of argument, by which the Sceptics arrived at the condition of doubt, in consequence of the equality of probabilities, and he calls the Tropes, th... ...stly be found in other authors of antiquity given in a similar way. [5] The logical result of the reasoning used to explain the first Trope, is that... ...not with equal understanding of the results to be deduced from it. [3] The consequence of the incompatibility of the mental representations produce... ...ted to Agrippa is a marked one, and shows the entrance into the school of a logical power before unknown in it. The latter are not a reduction of th... ...heories of Pyrrhonism, while the five are rather rules of thought leading to logical proof, and are dialectic in their character. We find this distin... ...points to an objective relativity, but with Agrippa to a general subjective logical principle. The originality of the Tropes of Agrippa does not lie... ...al assertion, Σεκεῖνλ νὐθ εἶλαη, [4] and proceeds to introduce the logical consequence of the denial of aetiology. The summing up of the Tropes of ...

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Introduction to Neutrosophic Logic

By: Charles Ashbacher

... Propositions Section 2 The Law of the Excluded Middle Section 3 Logical Equivalence Section 4 Well-Formed Formulas or WFFs Sectio... ...sophic Logic Section 1 Definition of Neutrosphic Logic Section 2 Logical Connectives in Neutrosophic Logic Section 3 Algebraic Propertie... ... 1 Classical Logic Section 1 Propositions In classical logic, a logical variable is restricted to the values of true(T) and false(F). The ... ...ry in the result column, there are 2 n different Boolean functions for n logical variables. Given the truth values in the column above the 5, ... ...on 1.1.4: In the expression p → q, p is known as the antecedent and q the consequence. The implication is often described as the if-then connective. ... ...on ( p /\ q ) \/ ( ¬ p /\ ¬q ). The ↔ connective can also be considered logical equality. Exclusive or (^) can be considered logical inequality ... ...is no middle between the two “extreme” values of true and false. One consequence of this law is the concept of a vacuous proof. What this means ... ...It is interpreted as a statement that if the antecedent is true, then the consequence is also true. The statement is then false if the antecedent is... ...also true. The statement is then false if the antecedent is true, but the consequence is false. With this notion, if it is not possible to prove the...

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God Prophecy

By: Dr. Paraskev

...ry Apocalypse gave humanity the greatest lesson and example of ignorance’s consequences, too. So that humanity will really think twice before repeatin... ...s grip ; and the walls of imaginary I, one by one, begin to fade. And as a consequence, more and more abilities to perceive and realize God wake up in... ... particle to have almost the same characteristics as God Himself. And as a consequence, each and all that is here is in a direct touch with God. It is... ... whole universe have not exactly the same characteristics as God. And as a consequence, each and all that are here are not in a direct touch with God.... ...mited duration, limited relations, concepts, knowledge, etc. 32 And as a consequence, every personal form here is separated from all other forms and... ...d easy. “But what about Goodness!” we shall ask, admitting no gaps in our logical thinking. Well, the constant repeating of the prayer, “God! God! Go...

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The Complete Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley Volume 3

By: Thomas Hutchinson

...hat yet you go there? CL CL CL CL CLARIN: ARIN: ARIN: ARIN: ARIN: Nay, the consequence Is clear:—who ever did what he advises Others to do?— MOSCON: M... ...pugn _200 So clear a consequence? CYPRIAN: CYPRIAN: CYPRIAN: CYPRIAN: CYPRIAN: Do you regret My ... ... machine begat a son upon the body of a Jewish woman; or is angered at the consequences of that necessity, which is a synonym of itself. All that mise... ...ession inevitably teaches him something of dogmatism, swaggering, and sell-consequence: he is like the puppet of a showman, who, at the very time he i... ...in of corn the richer; no one comfort would be added to the human race. In consequence of our consid- eration for the precious metals, one man is enab... ... authority in some particulars, has at least the merit of being absolutely logical and consistent throughout. Mr. Locock has some interesting remarks ...

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Euthydemus

By: Jowett, Benjamin, 1817-1893

...art of logic. Ancient logic would be the propaedeutic or gate of approach to logical science, nothing more. But to pur- 6 Euthydemus sue such specula... ...or of men only, but of dogs and sea-monsters. Ctesippus makes merry with the consequences which follow: Much good has your father got out of the wisd...

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Modelling of Rationality...and Beyond the Physics

By: Gh. C. Dinulescu

...ical principles, any existential model presupposes its building through a logical construction* based on a non-contradictory assertional system*, as ... ...is hypothesis enables us, for example, to explain the phenomenon whereby a logical entity memorizes, paradoxically, more accurately the events from a... ...r than the length of the perpendicular from P to the primary limit. It is logical to designate the XY 9 segment of a maximum length (when P attai... ...ly explain the exceptional performances of some rational entities. It is logical to admit that famous rational entities such as Galileo Galilei, Leo... ...d reincarnation, can be the particular expression of a natural, inherent, logical and necessary process for the evolution of rationality within the ... ...itual reality, and that of permanet stochastic movement would be devoid of consequences, so that the MESER concept would have provided them randomly ... ...ity. The principles governing spiritual reality, far from being devoid of consequences, have the role of determining within the material reality, a ... ...ty is not increased. Nevertheless, the above mentioned scenario bears the consequence that the OX section of the XY area corresponding to the intell... ...the intellectual-affective activity is greater than the OY section – this consequence provides the possibility, for the entity in question, upon a ne...

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Speculations and Physics

By: Sam Vaknin, Ph. D.

...ery measurement because such communication would have to be superluminal. The only logical conclusion is that all the information relevant to the d... ... the issue of infinity and finiteness. The number of points in a line served as the logical floodgate which led to the development of Set Theory by ... ...eld and the representations of the world in the language field (that is to say, the consequences of repression). All three are, therefore, Activatio... ...ster or a network when they materialize. They can, however, relate to each other a- logically (negation or contradiction) and still constitute a pa... ...ied by another structure at the exact, infinitesimal, moment of realization. The consequence: only one of two exogenous events, which share the s... ...l-inclusive and all- pervasive. Nothing is outside its orbit and everything that is logically and physically possible is within its purview. If some... ... outcomes of appropriately designed experiments. Their explanatory powers are of no consequence. Positivists ascribe meaning only to statements that... ... confidence in a scientific theory or not. Is the theory aesthetic (parsimonious), logical, does it provide a reasonable explanation and, thus, doe... ...ething which is known to the believer to be true) versus implicit one (in the known consequences of something whose truth cannot be known). Truly, w...

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Hypotheses on Ulysses

By: Antonio Mercurio

...an also see how one way of thinking overwhelms the other and creates dire consequences. I do think, however, that when Ulysses is meditating on wh... ...help a woman free herself from her ties with her mother and not suffer the consequences. One must risk one’s life a thousand times and one must also... ...into consideration. A narcissistic wound of traumatic origin is often the consequence of a trauma to the fetal I, or the infant I being deprived of... ...into a second of the present, when that second is embraced with all of its consequences, good or bad that they might be. The present is always alte... ...If we extinguish desire, pain will disappear. For the Bible, pain is the consequence of the wrong committed in Eden and , even when the Messiah wi... ...e that what the other is thinking and feeling can be just as true. Is this logical? And so it is impossible to arrive at a solution to the conflict, ...

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Parmenides

By: Plato

...s, and overthrow ing him out of his own mouth, or whether he is propounding consequences which would have been admitted by Zeno and Parmenides them ... ...ink that in visible objects you may easily show any num ber of inconsistent consequences.’ ‘Y es; and you should consider , not only the consequences... ...keness, motion, rest, genera tion, corruption, being and not being. And the consequences must include consequences to the things supposed and to othe... ...on on the negative as well as the positive hypothesis, with reference to the consequences which flow from the denial as well as from the assertion of ... ... is the object of these para doxes, some have answered that they are a mere logical puzzle, while others have seen in them an Hegelian propaedeutic o... ...en in two senses: Either one is one, Or , one has being, from which opposite consequences are deduced, 1.a. If one is one, it is nothing. 1.b. If one ... ...rocess is real, or in any way an assistance to thought, or , like some other logical forms, a mere figure of speech transferred from the sphere of mat...

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Utilitarianism

By: John Stuart Mill

... means, one would think, of ascertaining what is right or wrong, and not a consequence of having already ascertained it. The difficulty is not avoided... ...ls, almost grotesquely, to show that there would be any contradiction, any logical (not to say physical) im possibility, in the adoption by all ratio... ... the most outrageously immoral rules of conduct. All he shows is that the consequences of their universal adoption would be such as no one would choo... ...cureans to have been by any means faultless in drawing out their scheme of consequences from the utilitarian principle. T o do this in any sufficient ... ...ost grateful to the feelings, apart from its moral attributes and from its consequences, the judgment of those who are qualified by knowledge of both,... ...f things which people forbear to do, from moral considerations, though the consequences in the particular case might be beneficial—it would be unworth... ...eing a direct emanation from the first principle of morals, and not a mere logical corollary from secondary or derivative doctrines. It is involved in...

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The Gorgias

By: Jowett, Benjamin, 1817-1893

...Pericles, but in a higher one; and this will sooner or later entail the same consequences on him. He cannot be a private man if he would; neither can ... ...ato s Gorgias to do what is right, without reference to public opinion or to consequences. And we regard them as happy on this ground only, much as So... ...deas of utility, like those of duty and right, may be pushed to un- pleasant consequences. Nor can Plato in the Gorgias be deemed purely self-regardin... ...ime he makes a point of determining his main thesis independently of remoter consequences. (3) Plato s theory of punishment is partly vindictive, part... ...from them as if they were not figures but realities, is due to the defective logical analysis of his age. Nor does he distinguish between the sufferin... ...of the ordinary requirements of logic. Yet in the highest sense he is always logical and consistent with himself. The form of the argument may be para... ...tinent, he is, and always will be, the most miser- able of men. The greatest consequences for good or for evil cannot alter a hair s breadth the moral...

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The Theory of the Leisure Class

By: Thorstein Veblen

...ot pervade our daily life to the extent or with the far-reaching practical consequences that are apparent at earlier stages of culture and belief. T o... ...y imputes an unfolding of activity directed to some end. It is this teleo- logical unfolding of activity that constitutes any object or phenomenon an ... ...rth, or honour, as applied either to persons or conduct, is of first- rate consequence in the development of classes and of class distinctions, and it... ...worthy or beautiful, or even a blameless, human life. In itself and in its consequences the life of leisure is beautiful and ennobling in all civilise... ...oductive employment, it would in any case have come in as one of the early consequences of ownership. And it is to be remarked that while the leisure ... ...ntly becomes impracticable to accumulate wealth by simple seizure, and, in logical consistency, acquisition by industry is equally impossible for high... ...e extent by other features of human nature, alien to it, any saving should logically be impossible for a population situated as the artisan and labori... ...ure — the preda- tory animus — which in point of generality and of psycho- logical content lies between the two just named. The effect of the latter i... ...od of serv- ing their end, It may be in place to recall the modern psycho- logical position. Beauty of form seems to be a question of fa- cility of ap...

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The Subjection of Women

By: John Stuart Mill

...ing a verdict. If they do extort a hearing, they are subjected to a set of logical requirements totally different from those ex acted from other peop... ...e formed by an union of persons not very unequal in strength, afforded, in consequence, the first instance of a portion of human relations fenced roun... ... rule of general con duct, any other being only a special and exceptional consequence of peculiar ties— and from how very re cent a date it is that ... ...o it in all ranks of the people, espe cially among persons of station and consequence. Such is the power of an established system, even when far from... ...ts of mankind, depending on what an enlightened estimate of tendencies and consequences may show to be most advantageous to humanity in general, witho... ...fficulty than others have in obtaining their services. To this there is no logical answer except”I will not”: and as people are now not only ashamed, ... ...ter, and a master too of all their earthly possessions. And truly, if this consequence were necessarily incident to marriage, I think that the apprehe...

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Narrative and Miscellaneous Papers

By: Thomas de Quincey

...e revolving sun; often the whole dire catastrophe, together with its total consequences, is both accomplished and made known to those whom it chiefly ... ...we inhabited, there seemed to be a moral impossibility that any dangers of consequence should meet her in the course of those brief absences from my p... ...eebleness and the dependence of woman. I looked at him more attentively in consequence of the feeling tone in which he now spoke, and was surprised th... ... land in which all these events happened; neither is that of the slightest consequence. Guilty she was pronounced: but sentence at that time was defer... ...rom his keepers, and of no future moment, having passed by without present consequences. But had she, instead of thus reporting her own erroneous impr... ... was not very accurate in anything but in the use of logic. All his philo- logical attainments were imperfect. He did not talk German; or so obscurely... ...ay happen that a better valua- tion of it may disturb the whole edifice of logical inferences by which it seemed to favor the speculations of the war ... ...cdotes, and all simi- lar anecdotes, might be true, but were delusive. The logical vice in them was—that they substituted an occasion for a cause. The...

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Theological Essays and Other Papers

By: Thomas de Quincey

...ove the gods. Under this original peculiarity of Paganism, there arose two consequences, which I will mark by the Greek letters [Greek text] and [Gree... ...er I will notice in its order, first calling the reader’s attention to the consequence marked [Greek text], which is this:—In the full and profoundest... ...ans regret, not penitence; and [Greek text], means, ‘I rue this act in its consequences,’ not ‘I repent of this act for its moral nature.’ A and D, th... ...ss, far less was it the exclusive business. The worship flowed as a direct consequence from the new idea exposed of the divine nature, and from the ne... ...ere not, in relation to its own absolute merits; and this treatment is the logical treatment, applying itself to what is permanent in the nature of th... ...., where the phrase, Church of That we stand on the brink of a great theo- logical crisis, that the problem must soon be solved, how far orthodox Chri... ...y in St. Paul, the words may be known, their sense may be known, but their logical relation is still doubtful. The word X and the word Y are separatel... ... one great difficulty in translating is to find words that even as to mere logical elements correspond to the origi- nal text. Even that is often a tr... ...o our own period, or from any consideration of time what- ever, but in the logical meaning, as having been derived from our reason in opposition to ou...

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