World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

William Lockhart (Indian Army officer)

Article Id: WHEBN0002329201
Reproduction Date:

Title: William Lockhart (Indian Army officer)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Landi Kotal, William Nicholson, 1st Baron Nicholson, Tirah Campaign, 12th Frontier Force Regiment, William Lockhart
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

William Lockhart (Indian Army officer)

Sir William Lockhart
Born 2 September 1841
Died 18 March 1900
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Indian Army
Rank General
Commands held Indian Army
Awards Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire

General Sir William Stephen Alexander Lockhart, GCB KCSI (2 September 1841 – 18 March 1900) was a British General.

Military career

Lockhart was born at the Manse in Inchinnan, Renfrewshire, Scotland, where his father Dr Laurence Lockhart D.D. was the minister. Lockhart's uncle was John Gibson Lockhart, eminent writer, poet and biographer of Sir Walter Scott. His mother Louisa was a daughter of David Blair, a manufacturer in Glasgow and Janet Muir, sister of the Scottish political reformer Thomas Muir of Huntershill.

He entered the Indian Army in 1858, in the 44th Bengal Native Infantry. He served in the last months of the Indian Mutiny, the Bhutan Campaign (1864–66), under Napier in the Abyssinian Expedition (1867–68; mentioned in dispatches) and the Hazara Black Mountain Expedition (1868–69; mentioned in dispatches).

From 1869 to 1879 he acted as Deputy-Assistant and assistant quartermaster-general in Bengal. In 1877 he was military attaché with the Dutch Army in Acheen (modern Aceh). He was Road Commandant of the Khyber Pass and served in the Second Anglo-Afghan War of 1878–80, was mentioned in dispatches and made a CB, and from 1880 to 1885 he was Deputy Quartermaster-General in the Intelligence Branch at headquarters. He commanded a brigade in the Third Burmese War (1886–87), and was made KCB and CSI and received the thanks of the government.

Memorial in St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh

An attack of fever brought Lockhart to England in 1888, where he was employed as Assistant Military Secretary for Indian affairs (at Horse Guards); but in 1890 he returned to India earlier than planned to become Commander-in-Chief Punjab Command. He set up his home in Abbottabad[1] and for five years was engaged in various expeditions against the hill tribes. After the Waziristan Campaign in 1894–95 he was made KCSI. He became a full general in 1896, and in 1897 he was given the command against the Afridis and Mohmands, and conducted the difficult Tirah Expedition with great skill. He returned to England in 1898 and was made GCB, and was appointed Commander-in-Chief, India and, after a brief visit to Scotland, returned to India. He took up residence in 'Treasury Gate', Fort William, India and at 'Snowdon' in Simla when the government migrated to the hill station for the summer months.


He died of malaria whilst serving in office in Calcutta on the 18th March 1900. His funeral occurred the following day and the service was taken by James Welldon the Bishop of Calcutta, and former headmaster of Harrow School. Lockhart's good friend Lord Curzon (The Viceroy) attended the funeral. Lockhart married twice, and had five children, only two of whom were alive at the time of his death.

No memorial to Lockhart was ever erected in London. A private collection funded a fine memorial in St Giles' Cathedral, Edinburgh and soldiers and their families paid for the construction of an obelisk in Roomi Park, Rawalpindi (now Pakistan).


  • Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • General Sir William Stephen Alexander Lockhart Soldier of the Queen Empress by Martin Smith ISBN 978-0-9570154-0-1

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Charles Nairne
Commander-in-Chief, India
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Palmer
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.