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Waris Ali Shah

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Waris Ali Shah

Not to be confused with Waris Shah

Waris Ali Shah
Dargah of Haji Waris Ali Shah in Dewa, Barabanki, India.
Title Haji
Born 1819
Died 7 April 1905
Dewa, India
Resting place Dewa, India
Other names Sarkar Waris Pak, Waris Baba
Era Early 19th century
Region India
Religion Islam
Denomination Sunni, (Sufi)
Sufi order Qadiriyya and Chishtiyya
Disciple of Haji Khadim Ali Shah

Waris Ali Shah (Urdu: حاجی وارث علی شاہ‎, Hindi: हाजी वारिस अली शाह) or Sarkar Waris Pak (Urdu: سرکار وارث پاک, Hindi: सरकार वारिस पाक) (1819-1905) was a Sufi saint from Dewa, Barabanki, India, and was the founder of the Warsi order of Sufism. He travelled widely in the west and admitted people to his spiritual order.[1] His shrine is situated at Dewa, India.[2][3]

Life

Father

His father's name was Qurban Ali Shah whose tomb too is located in Dewa.[4]

Haji Waris Ali Shah at a very early age showed an extraordinary inclination for a religious life: even in his extreme boyhood, he was regarded as amazingly proficient in his knowledge and practice of religion.[5]

Social engagements

He went to Mecca for pilgrimage many times.[6] During his extensive travels in Europe, he visited the Sultan of Turkey and Bismarck of Berlin.[1] He also travelled to England and had an audience with Queen Victoria.[6]

He was a friend of Abdul Bari.[7]

Death

He died on 13 Muharram 1323 AH (6 April 1905 CE).[8]

Sufi order

Waris Ali Shah belonged to the Qadiriyya and Chishtiyya schools of Sufism.[9] He was initiated in the traditional Chishtiyya Sufi order, but he adopted more liberal view and permitted his followers to remain in their own religion.[1] When he was a small boy, Waris Ali attached himself to Haji Khadim Ali Shah, a sufi dervish of Golaganj, Lucknow, and remained with him until his death in 1832-33 when Waris Ali was 16 years old.[10]

His disciples

He had many prominent followers from several faiths.[11] His numerous disciples, which include both Muslims and Hindus.

  • Shaiq Khuda Bakhsh.
  • Mushir Husain Kidwai, Gadia.
  • Thakur Pancham Singh.
  • Zamindar Dt. Mainpuri.
  • Raja Udyat Narayan Sing (Suratgunj, Oudh).
  • Baboo Moti Misser (Bhagalpu).
  • Thakur Grur Mohan Singh, Zamindar (Bhagalpur).
  • Hazrat Baba Sufi Syed Diwana Shah Warsi(R.A) (Jagatdal,West Bengal).
  • Sadaf Jabbar Fazihat.
  • Shah Abdul Ad Shah.
  • Maulana Mohammad Shah.
  • Mustaqim Shah.[12]

Haji Waris Ali Shah was the Pir of Mushir Husain Kidwai of Gadia, a zamindar, barrister and pan-Islamist politician from Barabanki.[7] Shaiq Khuda Bakhsh was a follower of Waris Ali Shah. He collected the sayings of his spiritual guide Malfūzāt-i-Hāji Wāris 'Ali Shāh.[2] His book, Tohmat-ul-Asfiya, is the biography of Waris Ali Shah.[13]

Urs

An urs, or death anniversary, locally known as Dewa mela is observed in October–November. It is attended by nearly a million Muslims and Hindus.[6][14][15][16] It is said that this fair was started by Haji Waris Ali Shah in memory of his father, Qurban Ali Shah. Another fair is held beside the tomb of Haji Waris Ali Shah on the first of the Muslim month of Safar every year.[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b c
  7. ^ a b
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ Disciples of Waris Ali Shah
  12. ^ http://www.warispak.com/desciples.html
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^

External links

  • Official Website
  • An Article about Waris Pak
  • [1]
  • Website dedicated to the Life and Mureeds of Hazrath Haji Waris Ali Shah in South Africa
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