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Wadie Haddad

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Title: Wadie Haddad  
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Subject: Operation Entebbe, Israeli–Palestinian conflict, List of Palestinian rocket attacks on Israel, 2002–06, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – External Operations, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – Special Command
Collection: 1927 Births, 1978 Deaths, Arab Nationalist Military Personnel, Assassinated Palestinian Politicians, Christian Palestinian Militants, Eastern Orthodox Christians from Palestine, Greek Orthodox Christians, Operation Entebbe, Palestinian Arab Nationalists, Palestinian Militants, Palestinian Physicians, People from Safed, People of the Kgb, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine Members
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Wadie Haddad

Wadie Haddad
Born 1927
Safed, Mandatory Palestine
Died March 1978 (aged 50–51)
East Berlin, East Germany
Organization Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – External Operations

Wadie Haddad (hijackings in support of the Palestinian cause in the 1960s and 1970s.

Contents

  • Early years and education 1
  • Role in PFLP 2
  • Death 3
  • KGB agent 4
  • Further reading 5
  • References 6

Early years and education

Haddad was born to Arab Nationalist Movement (ANM), a pan-Arabist and Arab socialist grouping aiming to create the State of Palestine and unite the Arab countries.

After graduating, he relocated with Habash (a pediatrician) to Amman, Jordan, where they established a clinic. He worked with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) in 1956, but due to his Palestinian nationalist activism he was arrested by the Jordanian authorities in 1957. In 1961, he managed to escape to Syria. Haddad argued for armed struggle against Israel from 1963 onwards, and succeeded in militarizing the ANM.

Role in PFLP

After the 1967 Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO).

The Dawson's Field hijackings of 1970, when PFLP members including Leila Khaled brought three passenger jets to Jordan, helped provoke the bloody fighting of Black September. After the expulsion of the PLO factions from Jordan, Haddad was subjected to harsh criticism from the PFLP, which was in turn under pressure from the rest of the PLO. Haddad was ordered not to attack targets outside of Israel, but he continued operations under the name of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – External Operations (PFLP-EO). Haddad was expelled from the organization PFLP in 1973.

He also employed the services of Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, better known as "Entebbe hijacking in June 1976.

Death

Haddad died on 28 March 1978, in the German Democratic Republic supposedly from leukemia. According to the book Striking Back, published by Aaron J. Klein in 2006, Haddad was eliminated by the Mossad, which had sent the chocolate-loving Haddad Belgian chocolates coated with a slow-acting and undetectable poison which caused him to die severals months later. "It took him a few long months to die", Klein said in the book.[1]

What remained of the PFLP-EO dissolved after his death, but in the process augured the PFLP-SC.

KGB agent

According to Vasili Mitrokhin, a senior KGB archivist who defected to the UK in 1992, in early 1970 Haddad was recruited by the KGB as an agent, codenamed NATSIONALIST. Thereafter, in deep secrecy the Soviets helped to fund and arm the PFLP. The KGB had warning of its major operations and almost certainly sanctioned the most significant, such as the September 1970 hijackings. Haddad remained a highly valued agent till his death in 1978.

A letter by Yuri Andropov allegedly confirming Haddad's role as an agent was independently discovered in Soviet archives by Vladimir Bukovsky and has since been published.[2]

Further reading

References

  1. ^ "Israel used chocs to poison Palestinian". SMH. 8 May 2008. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  2. ^ http://bukovsky-archives.net/pdfs/terr-wd/plo75c.pdf Andropov's letter. January 10, 1975
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