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Venezuelan of European descent

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Venezuelan of European descent

White Venezuelans
Venezolanos blancos
Total population
13,169,949
43.6% of the Venezuelan population[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
   Entire country; highest percents found in Andean, Central, Capital region and major urban-conglomerations.
Languages
Spanish Venezuelan
small minorities speak Italian, Catalan, Basque, Galician, Portuguese, Arabic, English, French, Polish, and Alemán Coloniero, a dialect of German.
Religion
Roman Catholics
Related ethnic groups
Other Venezuelans, Spaniards, Italians, Portuguese, Germans, Ukrainians, Syrians, Lebanese, Arab Venezuelan, White Colombians, White Hispanic, White Latin Americans White Americans

European Venezuelans or White Venezuelans are Venezuelan citizens of European descent. According to the 2011 National Population and Housing Census, 43.6% of the population self recognized as white.[1] At least 60% of Venezuelans have some degree of European ancestry.[3]

The ancestry of White Venezuelans comes primarily from Spaniards. Other European people that have contributed include: Italian, Portuguese, Germans, French and English.

History

Spaniards settled Venezuela during the colonial period. Most of them were from Andalusia, Galicia, Basque Country and from the Canary Islands. Until the last years of World War II, a large part of the European immigrants to Venezuela came from the Canary Islands, and its cultural impact was significant, influencing the development of the Spanish language in the country, the Venezuelan gastronomy and customs.

During the 19th century the bulk of the white Dominicans migrated to Venezuela due to the political and economic unstability in their country, especially after the French and Haitian annexation, but also because of constant coups and civil wars; they went from being the half to barely a fifth of the Dominican population.

With the beginning of oil operations during the first decades of the 20th century, citizens and companies from the United States, United Kingdom and Netherlands established themselves in Venezuela. Later, in the middle of the century, there was a new wave of originating immigrants from Spain (mainly from Galicia, Andalucia and the Basque Country), Italy (mainly from southern Italy and Veneto) and Portugal (from Madeira) and new immigrants from Germany, France, England, Croatia, Netherlands, the Middle East and other European countries, among others, animated simultaneously by the program of immigration and colonization implanted by the government.

Geographic distribution of White Venezuelan

List of Venezuelan states by White Venezuelan population

The following is a sortable table of Venezuelan states by White Venezuelan proportion of the population, according to the 2011 Census data.
Rank State White Venezuelan Alone Population (2011) % White Venezuelan[1]
!000001 Tachira 743,013 58.8%
!000002 Mérida 479,021 53.7%
!000003 Capital District 1,079,892 51.2%
!000004 Trujillo 369,961 48.3%
!000005 Nueva Esparta 217,828 47.1%
!000006 Zulia 1,799,760 46.3%
!000007 Miranda 1,387,265 45.8%
!000008 Vargas 153,252 44.7%
!000009 Aragua 763,351 43.4%
!000010 Carabobo 1,010,138 42.7%
!000011 Barinas 344,265 41.9%
!000011 Lara 800,225 41.9%
!000013 Anzoátegui 629,802 40.0%
!000014 Bolívar 646,059 39.2%
!000015 Falcón 375,823 38.9%
!000016 Monagas 359,473 38.8%
!000017 Sucre 375,688 38.5%
!000018 Portuguesa 348,745 37.0%
!000021 Delta Amacuro 62,457 36.4%
!000022 Cojedes 115,437 35.6%
!000023 Yaracuy 229,542 35.5%
!000024 Amazonas 54,102 34.4%
!000025 Guárico 264,036 32.9%
!000025 Apure 157,193 30.2%

Communities (municipalities) with the highest percentage of White Venezuelans

This map shows the percentage ranges of the people who identified themselves as white on the 2011 Census. Note that it may include people of White Latin American, White American, White Canadian, Canarian, Berber, Levantine, Arab and Jewish ancestry, and other peoples that are not European.

The top communities (municipalities) with the highest percentage of White Venezuelans according to the 2011 Census:[4]

  1. Chacao (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 72.20%
  2. Umuquena (San Judas Tadeo), Táchira 71.80%
  3. Cordero (Andrés Bello), Táchira 70.11%
  4. Lechería (Diego Bautista), Anzoátegui 70.10%
  5. El Hatillo (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 68.80%
  6. San Antonio de Los Altos (Los Salias), Miranda 66.90%
  7. Baruta (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 66.40%
  8. Canaguá (Arzobispo Chacón), Mérida and Lobatera (Lobatera), Táchira 65.50%
  9. La Grita (Jáuregui), Táchira 64.70%
  10. San Cristóbal, Táchira 64.50%
  11. El Junko (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 63.20%
  12. Táriba, Táchira 62.80%
  13. Michelena, Táchira 62.50
  14. Palmira (Guásimos), Táchira 62.30%
  15. Seboruco (Seboruco), Táchira 61.90%
  16. Pueblo Llano, Mérida 61.30
  17. Tovar, Mérida 60.90%
  18. Colonia Tovar (Tovar), Aragua 60.80%
  19. Capacho Nuevo (Independencia), Táchira 60.20%
  20. El Cobre (José María Vargas), Táchira 60.00%

Most densely White Venezuelans populated communities (municipalities)

Concentration of White people throughout Venezuela (persons per square kilometer). Data from the 2011 Census

The top most densely populated communities (municipalities) with White Venezuelans population per km2 according to the 2011 Census:[4]

  1. Chacao (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 3962.69
  2. Santa Rita (Francisco Linares Alcántara), Aragua 2604.25
  3. Carlos Soublette, Vargas 2506.08
  4. Capital District (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 2493.38
  5. Baruta (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 2479.77
  6. Sucre (Metropolitan District of Caracas) 1967.07
  7. Maracaibo, Zulia 1835.49
  8. Lechería (Diego Bautista), Anzoátegui 1668.23
  9. Porlamar (Mariño), Nueva Esparta 1176.69
  10. San Francisco, Zulia 1110.25
  11. Los Guayos, Carabobo 1107.78
  12. Catia La Mar, Vargas 1094.47
  13. San Antonio de Los Altos (Los Salias), Miranda 1065.68
  14. Carrizal, Miranda 970.25
  15. El Limón (Mario Briceño Iragorry), Aragua 944.04
  16. Palmira (Guásimos), Táchira 932.00
  17. Santa Cruz (José Angel Lamas), Aragua 800.90
  18. San Cristóbal, Táchira 766.64
  19. Cagua (Sucre), Aragua 761.63
  20. Pampatar (Maneiro), Nueva Esparta 749.08

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Resultado Básico del XIV Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda 2011 (Mayo 2014)". Ine.gov.ve. p. 29. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.ine.gob.ve/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=95&Itemid=26 Venezuelan population by 30/Jun/2014 is 30,206,307 according National Institute of Stadistics
  3. ^ Godinho, Neide Maria de Oliveira (2008). "O impacto das migrações na constituição genética de populações latino-americanas". Universidade de Brasília. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  4. ^ a b http://www.redatam.ine.gob.ve/Censo2011/index.html
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