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Ulch people


The Ulch (Russian: ульчи , obsolete ольчи; self designation: нани , nani) are an indigenous people of the Russian Far East who speak a Tungusic language, Ulch. Over 90% of Ulchis live in Ulchsky District of Khabarovsk Krai, Russia. According to the 2002 Census, there were 2,913 Ulchs living in Russia — down from 3,173 recorded in the 1989 Census, but up from 2,494 recorded in the 1979 Census, and 2,410 recorded in the 1970 Census. According to the 2010 Census there were 2,765 Ulchs in Russia.

Interior of a Mangun House, drawing by Richard Maack ca. 1854-1860


Anthropologically, no clear racial groups exist. Some of them belong to the so-called Sakhalin-Amur group, like the Nivkhs.

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