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Tyrolean hat

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Tyrolean hat

Grey variant of the Tyrolean hat
The Tyrolean Rifles wearing traditional hat styles as part of their village costume, L to R: Bolzano, S Tyrol; Lienz, E Tyrol; Abfaltersbach, E Tyrol; Kaltern, S Tyrol; Jenesien, S Tyrol. (commanders)

The Tyrolean hat (also Bavarian hat or Alpine hat, Italian: cappello alpino) is a type of headwear that originally came from the Tyrol in the Alps, in what is now part of Austria and Italy.

A typical Tyrolean hat originally had a crown tapering to a point and was made of green felt with a brim roughly the width of a hand, something that was especially common in the Zillertal.[1]

There are various forms of Tyrolean hat. Frequently the hats are decorated with a coloured, corded hatband and a spray of flowers, feathers or "brush" at the side of the crown. The traditional "brush" is made of the tail of the chamois goat. It takes a variety of forms, and may often be combined with feathers.[2]

The Tyrolean hat became even more well known thanks to Edward VIII who, after his abdication, frequently stayed in Austrian Styria and often wore a hat of Tyrolean style, although it did not come from there.[3]

In the 19th and 20th centuries, Tyrolean costumes developed a certain degree of uniformity in their appearance. In the local village costumes of the Tyrol, the various styles of Tyrolean hat have survived since the 1830s/40s, albeit similar to those of contemporary fashion. These original forms vary from the tall, relatively narrow-brimmed hats of North Tyrol which were dented on top, to the small, wide-brimmed hats of the South Tyrolean wine country.

Later the Tyrolean hat became the image bearer of "Tyrolean culture" as a tourist symbol, influenced also by folk music bands who wore fanciful "local" costumes. The musician, Billy Mo, wrote a song in 1962 called I prefer to buy a Tyrolean hat, which reinforced the link between the hat and traditional Alpine (brass band) folk music. In 1965, a comedy musical appeared under the same title.[4]

References

  1. ^ "[T]he pointed, green, felt hat with a hand-wide brim, which came from South Tyrol, especially from the Ziller valley, earned such a reputation that it was referred to as a Tyrolean hat." Heinrich Heine: Reisebilder II: 1828-1831 : Kommentar, Volume 6. Akademie Verlag, 2003, p. 232 (N.B.: the Ziller valley lies in North Tyrol)
  2. ^ Kilgour, Ruth Edwards (1958). A Pageant of Hats Ancient and Modern. R. M. McBride Company
  3. ^ Lexikon der Herrenmode, Musterschmidt, 1960
  4. ^ Ich kauf mir lieber einen Tirolerhut. Moviepilot.de
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