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Television in Afghanistan

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Title: Television in Afghanistan  
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Subject: Television in Afghanistan, 1TV (Afghan TV channel), Television in Kyrgyzstan, Television in Turkmenistan, Culture of Afghanistan
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Television in Afghanistan

Shamshad TV studio in 2010. In the background are the station owner Fazle Karim Fazl, with former U.S. Ambassador Karl Eikenberry and Afghan Communications Minister Sangin Amirzai.

Television in Afghanistan is in stages of development after years of war.

History

Television was first introduced in 1964, when a new organization called Radio Television Afghanistan (government-owned) founded a TV channel. After the completion of feasibility study under grant aid from Japan, construction work of the studio and transmitter buildings were finished by August 1978. During the 1980s, many Soviet programmes were airing such as the children's show Nu Pogodi!. Television was unsurprisingly making a large impact during the decade.

From 1992 onwards, television like other media in the country went into a decline as a result of the destruction of Kabul and the country's infrastructure. During the Taliban rule between 1996 and 2001, television was strictly banned. Anyone owning or watching TV was arrested and punished. Stores were not allowed to sell TVs, satellite dishes, VCRs, DVD players, or video cameras. When the Karzai administration came to power in December 2001, television service was preparing to be re-introduced soon after, with RTA launching again the following year after German funding built broadcasting buildings in Kabul.

It was reported in 2011 that as many as 76 television channels are available in Afghanistan, 36 of them in the capital of Kabul. They are broadcasting news, entertainment, religious, sports and cultural programs with each channel having its own viewers.[1][2]

Figures

Most people in Afghanistan prefer to watch TV in the evening, between 7pm to 11pm. As of 2012, there are believed to be about 76 television channels in the country.[1]

Audience share per channel

According to the Apama Research Group in a nationwide research study conducted in October 2011, Tolo TV and 1TV are in a virtual neck-and-neck tie:

  • Tolo TV has an audience share of 29%; 1TV share of audience is 21%, Ariana TV 10%, Lemar TV 9%, Shamshad TV 5%, Afghan TV 4%, and 26% for others.

This compares to data taken in 2010, which showed results once dominated by Tolo TV.

Audience share per channel, by city

This study was consulted by Altai Consulting in July 2010:

Notice: Emrooz TV is now closed

[3]

Number of channels per city

As of July 2010:

Transmission

In Afghanistan, many people watch TV through traditional analog terrestrial signals using indoor antennas (some outdoors too). There are also satellite television viewers - but those are for watching foreign channels, mainly European, American, Indian, Turkish, Pakistani, and Iranian. In the last few years, there have also been a fast-growing number of cable television providers and viewers, with the newest houses in the country connected to cable networks.

On January 2013 Afghanistan's Ministry of Communication and Information Technology has held a meeting with TV broadcasters on plans to switch from analogue to digital transmission systems. Afghanistan has adopted the DVB-T2 standard and the switchover would begin in Kabul.

Abroad

Before 2005, there were no Afghan channels available in North America and Europe. Many viewers were watching Iranian channels (with the same language, Persian), most notably PMC, Jaam-E-Jam, Tapesh, Omid-e-Iran OITN and IPN.

On the Iranian channel IPN, for instance, there was an Afghan show broadcast around 2003.

Since 2005, there have been Afghan channels broadcasting outside Afghanistan. The first was EBC.1 based in Germany.

List of channels

Name Studio location Available in
Yak TV Afghanistan Afghanistan, Central Asia, Middle East, Pakistan, South Europe, Libya
Afghan Entertainment Television AET United States North America
Afghan TV Afghanistan Afghanistan, North Africa, East Europe, Middle East
Afghan News Afghanistan Afghanistan, North Africa, East Europe, Middle East
Afghanistan National Television ANTV Afghanistan Afghanistan
3 Sport Afghanistan Afghanistan, Kabul
Afghan Television Voice of Christ United States Afghanistan, Iran, Europe, Middle East
ARIA TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Ariana Afghanistan AATV United States
Germany
North America, Europe, North Africa
Ariana TV ATN Afghanistan
United States
United Arab Emirates
Afghanistan, India, North America, Europe, Middle East, North Africa
ARZU TV Afghanistan Afghanistan (Balkh Province)
ARZU TV Afghanistan Afghanistan, Europe, Middle East
Asia TV Network Afghanistan Afghanistan
Ayna TV Afghanistan Currently out of service
Azizi TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Bakhtar TV Afghanistan Afghanistan (Kabul)
Dawat TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
ERTV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Eslah TV Afghanistan Afghanistan (Herat Province)
FARSI1 United Arab Emirates Europe, Middle East
Gharghasht TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Gorbat Afghanistan Afghanistan
Haft TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Herai Afghanistan Afghanistan (Herat Province)
Hewad TV Afghanistan Afghanistan (Kandahar Province)
Jawan TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Kabul TV Afghanistan Afghanistan (Kabul Province)
Kahkashan TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Kawsar TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Khorasan TV United States North America
Lemar TV Afghanistan Afghanistan, Central Asia, Middle East, Pakistan, South Europe, Libya
Maihan Afghanistan Afghanistan
Maiwand TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Millat Afghanistan Afghanistan
Negaah TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Noor TV United States North America
Noor TV Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanistan, Central Asia, Middle East, Pakistan, South Europe, Libya
Noorin TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Pashto TV Afghanistan Afghanistan, Central Asia, Middle East, Europe, North America, Rest of the World through IPTV
Payam-E-Afghan United States
Germany
North America, Europe
Rah-e-Farda Afghanistan Afghanistan, Europe, Middle East
Saqi Afghanistan Afghanistan
Sharq Afghanistan Afghanistan (Nangarhar Province)
Roz TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
RTA Afghanistan Afghanistan, India, North America, Europe, Middle East
Saba TV Afghanistan Afghanistan, East Europe, Middle East, Central Asia, South Asia
Saba World Afghanistan Afghanistan, East Europe, Middle East, Central Asia, South Asia
Sada-E-Afghanistan SATV United States
Afghanistan
North America, Europe
Sepehr TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Setara Afghanistan Afghanistan
Setara-E-Sahar Afghanistan Afghanistan
Shahr TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Shamshad TV Afghanistan Afghanistan, East Asia, Oceania, East Asia
SPINGHAR TV Afghanistan Afghanistan, East Asia, Oceania, East Asia
Sima-E-Ghoryan Afghanistan Afghanistan (Herat)
Taban Afghanistan Afghanistan (Herat Province and Nangarhar Province)[5]
Tamadon TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Tolo TV Afghanistan Afghanistan, Central Asia, Middle East, Pakistan, South Europe, Libya
TOLOnews Afghanistan Afghanistan, Central Asia, Middle East, Pakistan, South Europe, Libya
Watan TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Zhwandoon TV Afghanistan Afghanistan
Zala TV Afghanistan Afghanistan (Kunar Province)

Former channels

  • EBC.1 was launched in 2005 as the first Afghan channel available in West and North Europe, broadcasting from Germany. It closed later that year due to financial issues, but was than purchased by an Iranian. EBC.1 has since become an Iranian music channel and is still active today.
  • Emrooz TV closed down in July 2010.

References

  1. ^ a b "ISAF Spokesman Discusses Progress in Afghanistan".  
  2. ^ http://www.wakht.af/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3777%3Ajournalists-ask-nds-to-present-accusation-evidences-to-justice&catid=18%3Aculture&Itemid=26&lang=en
  3. ^ a b http://www.altaiconsulting.com/docs/media/ Altai Consulting, July 2010, Media in Afghanistan
  4. ^ Altai Consulting, July 2010, Media in Afghanistan
  5. ^ http://www.pajhwok.com/en/2013/01/10/viewers-come-hard-new-tv-channel
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