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Self religion

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Title: Self religion  
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Self religion

A self religion (or self-religion) is a religious or self-improvement group which has as one of its primary aims the improvement of the self.[1] The term "self religion" was coined by Paul Heelas[2] and other scholars of religion have adopted/adapted the description. King's College scholar Peter Bernard Clarke builds on Heelas's concept of self religion to describe the class of "Religions of the True Self".[3]

Scope

Hanegraaff notes that "self religion" may equate to [7]

Examples

Groups characterized as (or associated with the concepts of) self religions or "religions of the True Self" include:

Notes

  1. ^ Chryssides, pp. 290-291.
  2. ^ For example in
  3. ^
  4. ^
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  10. ^ est features prominently in Heelas's "Western Europe: Self-Religions" article as an influential movement. Heelas writes in his very first paragraph: "And the founder of est (the highly influential seminar training established by Erhard in 1971) observes that, 'Of all the disciplines that I studied, and learned, Zen was the essential one.'" (page 167). And Heelas goes on to discuss est and Erhard a few pages later: "No European city comes anywhere near the 'one out of 34 adults have taken est' figure provided by this organisation for Boston. [...] To the extent that Erhard, for example, is a latter-day Gurdjieffian (it is surely not a coincidence that he devotes himself to what he calls 'The Work') he can appeal to a similar clientele as those attracted to the Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man." (page 172).
  11. ^
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  13. ^ a b
  14. ^
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  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ a b c
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
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References

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