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Save the Children

Save the Children
Save the Children logo
Founded 1919
Founder Eglantyne Jebb
Dorothy Buxton
Type NGO
Registration no. England & Wales (213890)
Scotland (SC039570)
Location
  • St Vincent House, 30 Orange Street, London, WC2H 7HH, UK
Origins London, England (UK)
Area served
Worldwide
Slogan "We save children’s lives. We fight for their rights. We help them fulfill their potential."
Mission To inspire breakthroughs in the way the world treats children and to achieve immediate and lasting change in their lives.
Website .uk.org.savethechildrenwww

The Save the Children Fund,[1] commonly known as Save the Children, is an international children's rights, provides relief and helps support children in developing countries.[2] It was established in the United Kingdom in 1919 in order to improve the lives of children through better education, health care, and economic opportunities, as well as providing emergency aid in natural disasters, war, and other conflicts.

In addition to the UK organisation, there are 29 other national Save the Children organisations who are members of Save the Children International, a global network of nonprofit organisations supporting local partners in over 120 countries around the world.

Save the Children promotes policy changes in order to gain more rights for young people[3] especially by enforcing the UN general consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council.

Contents

  • Origins 1
    • Russian Famine 1.1
    • World War 2 1.2
    • Continuing crises 1.3
  • Declaration of the Rights of the Child 2
    • Convention on the Rights of the Child 2.1
  • Campaigns 3
    • Rewrite the Future 3.1
    • Every One Campaign 3.2
    • Every Beat Matters 3.3
    • If London Were Syria 3.4
  • Structure and accountability 4
    • Save the Children Members 4.1
    • Connections with other organizations 4.2
  • Controversies 5
    • The Save the Children Fund Film 5.1
    • Expulsion from Pakistan 5.2
    • Award to Tony Blair by heads of Save the Children USA 5.3
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • Related videos 9
  • Related audio 10
  • External links 11

Origins

The Save the Children Fund was founded in London, England, on 15 April 1919 by Eglantyne Jebb and her sister Dorothy Buxton as an effort to alleviate starvation of children in Germany and Austria-Hungary during the Allied blockade of Germany of World War I which continued after the Armistice.[4]

The Fight the Famine Council was initially started earlier in 1919 in order to put political pressure on the British government to end the blockade, the first meeting having been held at the home of Catherine Courtney, at 15 Cheyne Walk. However, on 15 April 1919, the sisters succeeded in separating itself from the politics of the Council and creating a separate "Save the Children Fund".[4]

In May 1919, the Fund was publicly established at a meeting in London's Royal Albert Hall in order to "provide relief to children suffering the effects of war" and raise money for emergency aid to children suffering from the wartime shortages of food and supplies.[5]

In December 1919, Pope Benedict XV publicly announced his support for Save the Children, and declared 28 December 'Innocents Day' in order to collect donations[6]

The first branch was opened in Fife, Scotland in 1919. A counterpart, Red Cross who supported Save’s International foundation.[4]

Jebb used many ground-breaking fund-raising techniques, making Save the Children the first charity in the United Kingdom to use page-length advertisements in newspapers. Jebb contracted doctors, lawyers and other professionals in order to devise mass advertisement campaigns. In 1920, Save the Children started individual child sponsorship as a way to engage more donors. By the end of the year, Save the Children raised the equivalent to about £8,000,000 in today’s money.[6]

Russian Famine

By August 1921, the UK Save the Children had raised over £1,000,000, and conditions for children in Central Europe were improving due to their efforts. However, the

  • Save the Children website
  • Every Beat Matters Campaign

External links

  • An audio recording by CUiD of Robert Hingley, trustee of Save the Children talking on "Child Survival: Where and Why are Children Dying

Related audio

  • Children and War. Lecture given by Mattito Watson, Deputy Field Office Director for Save the Children/U.S. November 8, 2006

Related videos

  • Lynda Mahood, Vic Satzewich, "The Save the Children Fund and the Russian Famine of 1921–23: Claims and Counter-Claims about Feeding 'Bolshevik' Children," Journal of Historical Sociology, 22,1 (2009), 55–83.
  • Clare Mulley, "The Woman Who Saved the Children: A biography of Eglantyne Jebb, Founder of Save the Children" (Oneworld Publications, 2009) ISBN 9781851686575

Further reading

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b About Us. Save the Children/
  3. ^ Nault, pg. 4 2003
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Yates 2011
  5. ^ Nault, pg. 6 2003
  6. ^ a b c d e f History. Save the Children.
  7. ^ Nault, pg. 7 2003
  8. ^ Breen, Rodney (1994). "Saving Enemy Children: Save the Children's Russian Relief Organisation, 1921-1923". Disasters 18 (3), 221-237.
  9. ^ Hyder, pg. 2 2005
  10. ^
  11. ^ Hyder, pg. 3 2005
  12. ^ a b c UNICEF 2008
  13. ^ United Nations Treaty Collection. Convention on the Rights of the Child. Retrieved 21 May 2009.
  14. ^
  15. ^ Rewrite the Future. Save the Children.
  16. ^ Every One. Save the Children.
  17. ^ OneRepublic`s New Single to Benefit Save the Children`s Every Beat Matters Campaign
  18. ^ WHO | Children: reducing mortality. Who.int. Retrieved on 2013-08-25.
  19. ^ OneRepublic Donate New Single Proceeds To Save The Children « New York’s 92.3 NOW. 923now.cbslocal.com (2012-08-23). Retrieved on 2013-08-25.
  20. ^ iTunes Store. itunes.apple.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-25.
  21. ^ http://frontlinehealthworkers.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/FHWC_Issue_Brieffinal.pdf
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-34130067
  27. ^ http://www.savethechildren.org.uk/news-and-comment/news/2013-03/samantha-cameron-shocked-syrian-childrens-stories-lebanon
  28. ^
  29. ^ Our Structure. Save the Children.
  30. ^ Will Aid
  31. ^
  32. ^ Banned Ken Loach charity documentary Save The Children Fund to be shown after 42 years | Mail Online. Dailymail.co.uk (2011-08-21). Retrieved on 2013-08-25.
  33. ^ a b c
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^ a b
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^ Save the Children foreign staff told to leave Pakistan
  47. ^
  48. ^
  49. ^
  50. ^
  51. ^

References

See also

[52] The episode raised questions about the links between those who had given the award and those close to Blair.[51][50] In 2014,

Award to Tony Blair by heads of Save the Children USA

On June 11, 2015, Pakistani authorities ordered all Save the Children workers to leave Pakistan within 15 days, and the organisation's office in Islamabad was closed and padlocked.[48]

Pakistani investigators said in a July 2012 report that Dr. Shakil Afridi met 25 times with "foreign secret agents, received instructions and provided sensitive information to them."[44] According to Pakistani reports, Afridi told investigators that the charity Save the Children helped facilitate his meeting with US intelligence agents although the charity denies the charge. The report alleges that Save the Children's Pakistan director at the time of the incident, Michael McGrath, introduced Afridi to a western woman in Islamabad and that Afridi and the woman met regularly afterwards.[45][46][47]

The CIA's "vaccination program" sparked a series of deadly attacks in Pakistan against dozens of aid and health workers associated with polio eradication campaigns, with the UN-backed polio-vaccination drive repeatedly halted as a result.[41][42][43] In May 2014, the Obama administration announced that they would no longer use vaccination programs as a cover for CIA activities.[43]

[40] In January 2013, the Deans of twelve top U.S. schools of public health sent a letter to President Obama protesting against the entanglement of intelligence operations in public health campaigns. The letter describes the negative and lasting impacts of the Central Intelligence Agency's (CIA) use of a fake vaccination campaign in Pakistan during the hunt for Osama bin Laden in 2011, which exacerbated the already persistent public mistrust of vaccines in the country.[39] Later that year, in September, it was reported that the Pakistani government had requested Save the Children's foreign staff to leave the country,[38] It then emerged that Dr. [36] In July 2011, a fake vaccination program by the CIA was unmasked.

Expulsion from Pakistan

[35][33] In 2011, roughly 42 years later, it was shown to the public for the first time in decades.[34][33] Eventually a legal agreement was arrived at which involved the material being deposited in the National Film Archive.[33] In 1969, Save the Children UK commissioned film director

The Save the Children Fund Film

Controversies

Save the Children helps to fund, and is aided with funds raised by, the national will-making scheme Will aid, in which participating solicitors waive their usual fee to write a basic will and in exchange invite the client to donate to charity.[30] Save the Children collaborates with other NGOs in Family Tracing and Reunification.[31]

Connections with other organizations

Save the Children USA

Save the Children New Zealand

Save the Children Canada

Save the Children Australia

Full list of Save the Children Members and Country Offices

Save the Children Members

  1. Secure quality education for 8 million children affected by armed conflict.
  2. Expand and improve our presence in countries of strategic importance.
  3. Create a stronger voice for children where more than one Member has programmes by integrating country operations.
  4. Become the emergency response agency for children worldwide by improving disaster preparedness and response capacity so that we can best deliver immediate and lasting improvements to children

The Save the Children website states that the member organizations work towards achieving four key initiatives:

All members of the alliance are bound by the International Save the Children Alliance Bylaws which includes The Child Protection Protocol and Code of Conduct. These set a standard for common values, principles, and beliefs.[29]

Save the Children is an international umbrella organization, with 30 national organizations serving over 120 countries.[28]

Structure and accountability

Samantha Cameron is an Ambassador for the charity Save the Children. Her husband, the Prime Minister, the Rt Hon David Cameron, has resisted calls for the United Kingdom to accept more refugees from Syria. In March 2013, Samantha Cameron said: “As a mother, it is horrifying to hear the harrowing stories from the children I met today, no child should ever experience what they have. With every day that passes, more children and parents are being killed, more innocent childhoods are being smashed to pieces.” [26][27]

In 2014 to mark the three year anniversary of the Syrian civil war Save the Children released a campaign video about what life would be like for British kids if a civil war erupted in London.[22] The video reached over 20 million views in less than a week.[23] The ad has been described as "powerful"[24] and "unsettling".[25]

If London Were Syria

[21] As part of the campaign, [18] aims to end preventable child deaths. Every year, more than 7 million children die before their 5th birthday, largely due to preventable and treatable causes like pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria.[17] The Every Beat Matters campaign, started in August 2012,

Every Beat Matters

  1. Implement credible national plans
  2. Focus on newborn babies
  3. Prioritize equally
  4. Mobilize additional resources
  5. Train and deploy more health care workers
  6. Tackle malnutrition
  7. Increase focus on children during emergencies

The Every One Campaign was started in October 2009 as a result of the Millennium Development Goals created in 2000. The fourth goal aims to reduce the child mortality rate by two-thirds by 2015. Save the Children is working to achieve this goal through their Every One Campaign and their seven step program stating:[16]

Every One Campaign

In 2008, Save the Children surpassed its goal of improving educational standards for eight million children by reaching over 10 million.

Rewrite the Future is Save the Children's first global campaign involving all 28 members of the Save the Children Alliance. Beginning in 2006, the campaign focuses on obtaining equal and quality education for children who are unable to attend school due to conflict or war. The campaign is focused in 28 states where armed conflict is particularly relevant including Afghanistan, Angola, Colombia, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Indonesia, Liberia, Nepal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Sri Lanka, and Uganda.[15]

Rewrite the Future

Campaigns

Today, the Convention serves as the basis for all of Save the Children's work. It has been signed into law in nearly every country around the world, except South Sudan and the United States.[13][14]

The Convention consists of 54 articles that address the basic human rights that all children are entitled to: the right to survival; development to the fullest; protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and full participation in family, cultural and social life.[12] The four core principles of the convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child.

In November 1959, the UN General Assembly altered Jebb's initial criteria in order to produce the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. This consisted of ten non-binding principles for states to follow in order to work in the best interests of the child. However, this 1959 declaration was not legally binding and was only a statement of general principles and intent.[12] In 1989, however, it was adopted by the UN General Assembly. On 2 September 1990 it became international law.[12]

Following the atrocities of World War II, the United Nations adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. However, many felt the rights of children needed to be addressed in further detail with a separate document.

Convention on the Rights of the Child

These five points were adopted by the League of Nations in 1924 and was thus known as the Declaration of Geneva. This was the first important assertion of the rights of children as separate from adults, and began the process that would lead to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted by the United Nations in 1989.[4]

  1. The child must be given the means requisite for its normal development, both materially and spiritually.
  2. The child that is hungry must be fed, the child that is sick must be nursed, the child that is backward must be helped, the delinquent child must be reclaimed, and the orphan and the waif must be sheltered and succoured.
  3. The child must be the first to receive relief in times of distress.
  4. The child must be put in a position to earn a livelihood, and must be protected against every form of exploitation.
  5. The child must be brought up in the consciousness that its talents must be devoted to the service of its fellow men.[4]

Jebb created an initial draft for what would become the UN Declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1923. It contained the following five criteria:

In 1923, Jebb wrote: "I believe we should claim certain rights for the children and labour for their universal recognition, so that everybody--not merely the small number of people who are in a position to contribute to relief funds, but everybody who in any way comes into contact with children, that is to say the vast majority of mankind--may be in a position to help forward the movement."[11]

Declaration of the Rights of the Child

During the 2014 Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone new cases outnumber the available hospital beds in the country. Save the Children is working with the U.K. government's Department for International Development and Ministry of Defence to build and run a 100 bed treatment center in Sierra Leone, as well as supporting an Interim Care Center in Kailahun for children who have lost their families to Ebola.[10]

Disasters in rights-based approach to development originated by Jebb continues to be an important factor. It was used in a major campaign in the late 1990s against the use of child soldiers in Africa.[6]

Like other aid agencies, Save the Children was active in the major disasters of the era—especially the Vietnam War and the Biafra secession in Nigeria. The latter brought shocking images of child starvation onto the television screens of the West for the first time in a major way. The sort of mass-marketing campaigns first used by Save the Children in the 1920s were repeated, with great success in fundraising.

The 1950s saw a continuation of this type of crisis-driven work, with additional demands for help following the Korean War and the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, but also the opening of new work in Africa, Asia and the Middle East in response to the decline of the British empire.[6]

Continuing crises

At the end of World War II, images of malnourished and sick children ran throughout Europe. Jebb and her sister worked to gain public sympathy in order to elicit support aid.[9] Save the Children staff were among the first into the liberated areas after World War II, working with refugee children and displaced persons in former occupied Europe, including survivors of Nazi concentration camps. At the same time, work in the United Kingdom focused on improving conditions for children growing up in cities devastated by bombing and facing huge disruptions in family life.[6]

World War 2

[8][4] At home, the

From 1921 to 1923, Save the Children created press campaigns, propaganda movies and feeding centers in Famine Relief Fund and Nansen which resulted in recognition by the League of Nations. Although Russia was largely closed off to international relief and aid, Save the Children persuaded Soviet authorities to let them have a ground presence.[4]

[6] Their mission was thus changed to "an international effort to preserve child life wherever it is menaced by conditions of economic hardship and distress".[7]

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