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Sanaag

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Title: Sanaag  
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Subject: Somaliland, Badhan, Sanaag, Qa’ableh, Puntland, Regions of Somaliland
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Sanaag

Sanaag
سناج
Region
Location in Somalia.
Location in Somalia.
Country  Somalia
Capital Erigavo
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Sanaag (Somali: Sanaag, Arabic: سناج‎ ) is an administrative region (gobol) in northern Somalia.[1] Its capital city is Erigavo. Sanaag has a long coastline facing the Gulf of Aden to the north, and is bordered by the Somali regions of Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sool and Bari.

The most important towns in the region are Erigavo, Badhan, Las Khorey, Dhahar, Laako, El Afweyn, Buraan, Kulmiye, Yufle, Hadaftimo, Mindigale, Hingalol, Heis, Yubbe, El Buh, Damale Hagare, Maydh, El Ayo, Armale and Gar Adag.


Contents

  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Geography 3
    • Climate 3.1
    • Environment 3.2
  • Economy 4
  • Districts 5
  • Notable Sanaagians 6
  • See also 7
  • Notes 8
  • External links 9

History

Ruins of the Warsangali Sultanate in Las Khorey.

The Sanaag region and northern Somalia in general is home to numerous archaeological sites, with ancient ruins, buildings and cairns found at Haylaan, Qa’ableh, Qombo'ul, Maydh and Elaayo, among other places. However, many of these old structures have yet to be properly explored, a process which would help shed further light on local history and facilitate their preservation for posterity.[2]

The Warsangali Sultanate was an imperial ruling house centered in northeastern and in some parts of southeastern Somalia. It was one of the largest sultanates ever established in the territory, and, at the height of its power, included the Sanaag region and parts of the northeastern Bari region of the country, an area historically known as Maakhir or the Maakhir Coast. The Sultanate was founded in the late 13th century in northern Somalia by a group of Somalis from the Warsangali branch of the Darod clan, and was ruled by the descendants of the Gerad Dhidhin.

Demographics

The Sanaag region is mainly inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, The major population groups in the Sanaag region are respectively the Harti clan Warsangeli.[3]

Geography

Camel in Almadow Forest, Somalia

Climate

Sanaag has four zones: the coastal area, the mountain range, the gypsum karsts plateau and the Sool Haud plateau. The latter is rich in pasture and has better water quality. Except for the elevated area of Erigavo district where rainfall records indicate an annual average of up to 800 mm(see "Cal Madow" topic), rainfall generally does not exceed 150 mm in most of the region.

Environment

A severe drought in the region in the early part of the 21st century caused an 80% or greater loss of livestock, though two good rainy seasons in 2004–2005 helped restore the area. Over a 15-year period of analysis, from 1988–2003, there was a 52% loss of forest and a 40% loss of grassland, and a 370% increase in bare land. Soil erosion due to weather and human activities and clearing of wood and brush for such uses as charcoal and fuel are issues leading to a degradation of the environment.[4]

Economy

In recent history, the Sanaag region normally maintained a diverse economy, producing and then exporting to other regions, it produced livestock, frankincense, and leather for export, this was happening while the region lacked basic infrastructure, but sadly, after the outbreak of civil war the region’s economy collapsed from loss of markets and dilapidated infrastructure has never helped, and lack of investment. Now the region only supports one main economy, livestock rearing. The Somali livestock ban imposed by Gulf countries in which was Sanaag’s largest market has virtually destroyed the economy in the region, reducing purchasing power and forcing pastoralists in the region to survive on subsistence activities.[5]


Districts

Uniquely designed house in Badhan, Somalia

According to the federal government of Somalia, prior 1991, Sanaag was divided into 5 Districts which are as follows:[6]

Overview of Erigavo.

According to the Puntland administration, the Sanaag region consists of 10 districts with Badhan being the Capital of the region. The Transitional Federal government also recognizes Puntland as an official state so as its regions and districts. The Districts of Sanaag are:

Hadaaftimo, Somalia


Notable Sanaagians

 Somalia Politician and Lecturer of University .

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Regions of Somalia
  2. ^ Michael Hodd, East African Handbook, (Trade & Travel Publications: 1994), p.640.
  3. ^ World, Ref. "Report on the Fact-finding Mission to Somalia and Kenya (27 October - 7 November 1997)". Ref World. Danish Immigration Service. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  4. ^ "Environmental Study of Degradation in the Sool Plateau and Gebi Valley: Sanaag Region of Northern Somalia" (PDF).  
  5. ^ http://www.mbali.info/doc179.htm
  6. ^ Gwillim Law, "Districts of Somalia ", Statoids, December 31, 1990

External links

  • Warsangeli Sultanate
  • Gwillim Law, "Districts of Somalia", Statoids, December 31, 1990
  • AllSanaag.com

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