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San Fernando de Apure

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Title: San Fernando de Apure  
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Subject: Apure, Alberto Aguilar, Barinas, Barinas, State Railways Institution, Meta River
Collection: 1788 Establishments in the Spanish Empire, Cities in Apure, Populated Places Established in 1788
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San Fernando de Apure

San Fernando de Apure
Flag of San Fernando de Apure
Flag
Official seal of San Fernando de Apure
Seal
Nickname(s): "Ciudad de la Esperanza"
(English:"City of Hope")
Motto: "none "
San Fernando de Apure is located in Venezuela
San Fernando de Apure
Coordinates:
Country Venezuela
State Apure
Counties San Fernando
Government
 • Mayor John Guerra (2008–2012)
Area
 • Total 5,982 km2 (2,310 sq mi)
Elevation 47 m (154 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 175,056
Website Alcaldía de San Fernando

San Fernando de Apure (Spanish pronunciation: ) is a city in Apure State in Venezuela. The population of the municipality area is 175,056 (est. 2001). The 18th century exports included heron feathers (for pens) and animal hides.

The bridge across the Apure River at San Fernando commenced construction in 1959 under the direction of President Rómulo Betancourt, and was opened February 1, 1961. It cost 8.5 million bolivars. Notable is the Casa de Bolivar, a National Historical Monument, at the intersection of Comercio St. and Independencia St. It is the 18th Century Armory, and was the dwelling of General Miguel Gerrero. Now it contains a public library as well as the cultural offices of the municipality. It was restored in 1983.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography and climate 2
    • Satellite towns of San Fernando 2.1
    • Parishes 2.2
  • Demographics 3
  • Colleges and universities 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

It was founded February 28, 1788 on the banks of the Rio Apure, Apure River, by Fernando de Miyares González, the Governor and Captain General of Barinas Province, New Granada, with the assistance of Don Juan Antonio Rodríguez and the Capuchine monk Fray Buenaventura de Benaocaz. On December 1, 1793 it was elevated to the status of a town (Villa). The Eighteenth Century exports included heron feathers (for pens) and animal hides.

In 1831 a private school for young men was opened by Master Juan Castellano; in 1844 classes for younger children were added; in 1875 the Federal High School (el Colegio Federal de Segunda Categoría) was opened; and at the end of the 19th century the Federal School Leon XIII was opened.

The bridge across the Rio Apure at San Fernando commenced construction in 1959 under the direction of President Rómulo Betancourt, and was opened February 1, 1961. It cost 8.5 million bolivars.

Geography and climate

San Fernando de Apure is recognized in Venezuela, to be a very warm locality by its location in the center of the Venezuelan plains. The annual average is between 22 °C and 30 °C. Nevertheless it is easily bearable. The humidity can reach more to 79%, or due to its location next to the Apure River that in its closer point of the city covers up to 300 meters wide in its channel. The relief of San Fernando is totally a plain. Natural land elevations do not exist, and the visibility of the horizon can reach up to 10 km. Some high barriers can be artificially by engineer installations for the prevention of floods. The city is established on humid grounds, reason why civil constructions superior to 5 levels are not admitted. In this sense, San Fernando projects a flat skyline.[1]

Climate data for San Fernando de Apure (1970–1998)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.7
(99.9)
39.1
(102.4)
40.0
(104)
39.7
(103.5)
38.1
(100.6)
37.1
(98.8)
34.3
(93.7)
34.3
(93.7)
35.4
(95.7)
35.9
(96.6)
37.2
(99)
36.3
(97.3)
40.0
(104)
Average high °C (°F) 33.1
(91.6)
34.2
(93.6)
35.2
(95.4)
34.8
(94.6)
32.5
(90.5)
30.6
(87.1)
30.0
(86)
30.3
(86.5)
31.2
(88.2)
32.1
(89.8)
32.4
(90.3)
32.6
(90.7)
32.4
(90.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.5
(81.5)
28.5
(83.3)
29.5
(85.1)
29.6
(85.3)
28.1
(82.6)
26.8
(80.2)
26.4
(79.5)
26.8
(80.2)
27.4
(81.3)
28.0
(82.4)
27.9
(82.2)
27.5
(81.5)
27.8
(82)
Average low °C (°F) 21.9
(71.4)
22.7
(72.9)
23.8
(74.8)
24.3
(75.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.0
(73.4)
22.8
(73)
23.2
(73.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.8
(74.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.3
(72.1)
23.2
(73.8)
Record low °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
15.9
(60.6)
19.0
(66.2)
20.5
(68.9)
19.9
(67.8)
17.9
(64.2)
18.1
(64.6)
18.3
(64.9)
18.9
(66)
19.0
(66.2)
19.3
(66.7)
18.2
(64.8)
15.9
(60.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1.1
(0.043)
3.5
(0.138)
6.2
(0.244)
71.9
(2.831)
167.3
(6.587)
242.9
(9.563)
276.1
(10.87)
255.3
(10.051)
172.4
(6.787)
98.5
(3.878)
44.2
(1.74)
9.9
(0.39)
1,349.3
(53.122)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1 1 1 5 13 20 24 21 16 11 6 2 121
Average relative humidity (%) 71.5 68.0 65.0 66.0 74.5 80.0 81.5 82.0 81.0 79.5 78.0 75.5 75.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 294.5 274.4 285.2 216.0 189.1 162.0 176.7 186.0 204.0 241.8 261.0 288.3 2,779
Source #1: Instituto Nacional de Meteorología e Hidrología (INAMEH)[2][3]
Source #2: World Meteorological Organization (rainfall data),[4] NOAA (extremes and sun)[5]

Satellite towns of San Fernando

  • Boca del Arichuna
  • Boca del Tigre
  • Boquerones
  • Cabuyarito
  • Coveras
  • El Caimán
  • El Jobal
  • El Negro
  • La Arenosa
  • La Bendición
  • La Culebra
  • La Esperanza
  • La Gomera
  • La Maciera
  • La Palmita
  • La Rompia
  • La Vega de Arauquita
  • Las Peonias
  • Los Dividiven
  • Los Médanos
  • Los Valentones
  • Mangas

Parishes

  • El Recreo
  • Peñalver
  • San Fernando
  • San Rafael de Atamaica

Demographics

The city is conformed by three urban nucleus: San Fernando de Apure, who covers all the metropolitan area in both shores of the Apure River, the satellite town of Biruaca to the west, which conforms another political jurisdiction, and to the east El Recreo parish. In agreement with the 2001 Venezuelan census, the urban area of San Fernando was conformed by 175.056 inhabitants, having Biruaca an intercensal rate of the 69,4% relative growth, and San Fernando the 36,1%. San Fernando lifestyle varies according the zone, wealth and age. Many young people of the metropolitan area characterize themselves to assume an urban style with fort influence of nonown cultures of the locality, reflecting in first term North America lifestyle, and soon expressions of the north region of Venezuela (mainly, Caracas lifestyle). The adult population of the city is charged of a mixed style, that goes from traditional llanero customs, to the nonown. In certain groups of the greater adult population a traditional lifestyle is present, with typical characteristics of the region. Towards in the peripheral zones of the city, can be appreciated very rustic customs and traditions, with little impact of nonown cultures.[6]

Colleges and universities

Universities in San Fernando include Simón Rodríguez University and Ezequiel Zamora Experimental National University of the Western Plains.

Other universities:

See also

References

  1. ^ Geography and climate
  2. ^ "Estadísticos Básicos Temperaturas y Humedades Relativas Máximas y Mínimas Medias" (pdf). INAMEH (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Estadísticos Básicos Temperaturas y Humedades Relativas Medias" (pdf). INAMEH (in Spanish). Retrieved October 2012. 
  4. ^ "World Weather Information Service - San Fernando". World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  5. ^ "San Fernando de Apure Climate Normals 1961–1990".  
  6. ^ Demographics
  • FallingRain Map - elevation = 26m

External links

  • Historia del Municipio San Fernando de Apure in Spanish.
  • Venezuela TuyaSan Fernando de Apure in Spanish.
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