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PyeongChang

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PyeongChang

Pyeongchang
평창
County
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Pyeongchang-gun
 • McCune-Reischauer P'yŏngch'ang-gun[1]

Emblem of Pyeongchang

Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Gangwon
Administrative divisions 1 eup, 7 myeon
Area
 • Total 1,463.65 km2 (565.12 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 43,706
 • Density 30/km2 (80/sq mi)
 • Dialect Gangwon

Pyeongchang (Pyeongchang-gun) is a county in Gangwon province, South Korea located in the Taebaek Mountains region. It is also home to several Buddhist temples, including Woljeongsa. It is located approximately 180 km (110 mi) east of Seoul, the capital of South Korea. Pyeongchang will host the 2018 Winter Olympics and the 2018 Winter Paralympics.[2]

Geography


The altitude of Pyeongchang is wide-ranging, with 84% of its territory comprising mountains with average elevations of 750 m (2,460 ft).[3]

Its best-known place, the township of Daegwallyeong-myeon, averages between 700 to 800 m (2,300 to 2,600 ft) above sea level, with some areas over 1,000 m (3,300 ft) high.[4] Daegwallyeong-myeon has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb/Dfw) with warm, humid summers and long, cold winters (see climate).

Tourism


The area is popular with mountain hikers, especially at the southern part of Mount Seoraksan.[5]

Alpensia ski resort is a tourist attraction and has 6 slopes for skiing and snowboarding, with runs up to 1.4 km (0.87 mi) long, for beginners and advanced skiers, and an area reserved for snowboarders. The resort is open year-round.[6]

Alpensia will be the focus of the 2018 Cultural Olympiad, with a new, purpose-built concert hall within the resort.[7]

A 250 km per hour KTX line will be built between Seoul and Wonju via Pyeongchang for the 2018 Winter Olympics and will put Pyeongchang within 50 minutes of travel time from Seoul.[8]

Buddhist temple Woljeongsa of the Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism is located on the eastern slopes of Odaesan.[9]

Sport

Pyeongchang hosted the 2013 Special Olympics World Winter Games. The 2018 Winter Olympic Games will be held in Pyeongchang.

2018 Winter Olympic Games

On 6 July 2011, Pyeongchang was announced as the host city for the 2018 Winter Olympics and the 2018 Winter Paralympics. The other candidate cities were Annecy, France and Munich, Germany. It will be the third Winter Games in Asia after the 1972 games in Sapporo, Japan and the 1998 games in Nagano, Japan. Pyeongchang won their 2018 bid after two previous failed attempts for the 2010 and 2014 Winter Olympics, in which it lost to Vancouver, Canada, and Sochi, Russia respectively.[10]


From a formal standpoint, given the Olympic Charter, which stipulates that the Games are awarded to a city,[11] and the administrative organization of Korea, it is unclear whether the host city for the 2018 Games is the county of Pyeongchang or the county seat Pyeongchang-eup.

The name of the county is Pyeongchang, but the local authorities, the PyeongChang Organizing Committee for the 2018 Olympic & Paralympic Winter Games (POCOG) and the International Olympic Committee are generally using the camelCase PyeongChang.

Olympic venues and Dream Program

In preparation for the 2018 Olympics, the region will build facilities including hotels and a world-class ski resort, named Alpensia, which is currently under construction. As of June 2011, a ski jump tower has already been built to its full height, although not fully completed. At the bottom of the hill, an Olympic Stadium is in its early stages of construction. A test event for the IBU World Cup biathlon was staged in Pyeongchang in February 2008.[12]

The region is implementing its so-called 2008 “Dream Program”, a legacy of the 2010 bid. It has mounted its fifth sports and cultural program, involving 123 participants from 31 countries, who were invited because they live where there is no snowfall and have no opportunity to participate in winter sports.[12]

Administrative divisions

The district includes one small city (eup), Pyeongchang-eup (평창읍) and seven townships (myeon) :

  • Pyeongchang-eup (평창읍) : County seat
  • Bangnim-myeon (방림면)
  • Bongpyeong-myeon (봉평면)
  • Daegwallyeong-myeon (대관령면) : The center of winter sports that will host the 2018 Winter Olympics
  • Daehwa-myeon (대화면)
  • Jinbu-myeon (진부면)
  • Mitan-myeon (미탄면)
  • Yongpyeong-myeon (용평면)

Climate

Climate data for Daegwallyeong, Pyeongchang (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−0.4
(31.3)
4.4
(39.9)
12.9
(55.2)
17.6
(63.7)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73)
22.8
(73)
18.6
(65.5)
14.0
(57.2)
7.0
(44.6)
0.5
(32.9)
11.5
(52.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −7.7
(18.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
−0.5
(31.1)
7.0
(44.6)
11.9
(53.4)
15.7
(60.3)
19.1
(66.4)
19.1
(66.4)
14.1
(57.4)
8.3
(46.9)
1.9
(35.4)
−4.4
(24.1)
6.6
(43.9)
Average low °C (°F) −12.6
(9.3)
−10.5
(13.1)
−5.2
(22.6)
1.2
(34.2)
6.3
(43.3)
11.2
(52.2)
16.0
(60.8)
16.1
(61)
10.0
(50)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.8
(27)
−9.1
(15.6)
2.0
(35.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 62.6
(2.465)
53.6
(2.11)
75.6
(2.976)
89.5
(3.524)
122.3
(4.815)
201.0
(7.913)
326.7
(12.862)
420.9
(16.571)
307.3
(12.098)
124.9
(4.917)
76.9
(3.028)
36.8
(1.449)
1,898
(74.724)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.5 10.5 11.3 9.5 11.1 13.2 17.6 17.8 13.0 8.7 10.1 9.4 142.7
 % humidity 67.3 67.0 67.5 61.0 68.4 79.2 85.7 87.0 84.6 75.2 69.9 67.3 73.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 197.2 185.2 202.3 226.6 229.4 179.8 138.1 130.7 143.9 193.3 176.4 191.9 2,194.8
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration[13]

References

External links

  • Pyeongchang County government website (English)
  • Pyeongchang 2018 web site

Coordinates: 37°22′N 128°24′E / 37.367°N 128.400°E / 37.367; 128.400

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