Prime minister of Tunisia

This page lists the holders of the office of Prime Minister of Tunisia. The office was created in May 1922. Mustapha Dinguizli was thus Tunisia's first Prime Minister in the modern sense. Prior to that, Tunisia had traditional Muslim-style viziers. Ali Laarayedh, in office since 14 March 2013, is the current Prime Minister of Tunisia.

Constitutional powers

The powers of the Prime Minister are established by the current Constitution of Tunisia, adopted on 1 June 1959 and amended in 1988 and 2002. Under Article 60, the Prime Minister directs and coordinates the activities of the government. It is responsible for:

  • The operation of services of general administration;
  • The resolution of all cases involving several departments;
  • Follow all administrative matters;
  • To endorse or verify, where appropriate, the regulatory decrees or individual departments and secretaries of state;
  • To ensure the publication of texts in the Official Journal of the Republic of Tunisia.

Now, according to the law on the provisional organization of public authorities, the Prime Minister can create or abolish departments as well as define the tasks and responsibilities of each institution under the supervision of the government. It is he who appoints senior civil servants, with the help of the Minister of the sector. He appoints the governor of the Central Bank after consultation with the President. He can also dissolve municipal councils, regional councils and local councils after seeking the advice of the President.

Prime Minister, together with the President, represents Tunisia at home and abroad.

List of heads of government of Tunisia (1800–Present)

# Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
(Term)
Term of Office Party
Grand Viziers of the Beylik of Tunis
1 Yusuf Sahib al-Tabi
يوسف صاحب الطابع
(c. 1765–1815)
1800 23 January 1815 Independent
Vacant (23 January 1815-1822)
2 Husain Khoja
حسين خوجة
(?–1857)
1822 1829 Independent
3 Rashid al-Shakir Sahib al-Taba'a
شاكير صاحب الطابع
(c. 1790–1837)
1829 1837 Independent
4 Mustapha Khaznadar
مصطفى خزندار
(1817–1878)
1837 22 October 1873 Independent
5 Hayreddin Pasha
خير الدين باشا التونسي
(1822–1890)
22 October 1873 21 July 1877 Independent
6 Mohamed Khaznadar
محمد خزندار
(c. 1810–1889)
(1st Term)
21 July 1877 24 August 1878 Independent
7 Mustapha Ben Ismail
أبو النخبة مصطفى بن اسماعيل
(c. 1850–1887)
24 August 1878 12 September 1881 Independent
(6) Mohamed Khaznadar
محمد خزندار
(c. 1810–1889)
(2nd Term)
12 September 1881 October 1882 Independent
8 Aziz Bouattour
محمد العزيز بوعتور
(1825–1907)
October 1882 4 February 1907 Independent
9 80px M'hamed Djellouli
امحمّد جلولي
(1834–1908)
18 February 1907 June 1908[1] Independent
10 80px Youssef Djait
يوسف جعيط
(1830–1915)
June 1908 June 1915 Independent
11 Taïeb Djellouli
الطيب جلولي
(1857–1944)
October 1915 May 1922 Independent
Prime Ministers of the Beylik of Tunis
1 Mustapha Dinguizli
مصطفى الدنقزلي
(1865–1926)
May 1922 20 October 1926[1] Independent
2 80px Khelil Bouhageb
خليل بوحاجب
(1863–1942)
3 November 1926 2 March 1932 Independent
3 80px Hédi Lakhoua
(1872–1949)
2 March 1932 31 December 1942 Independent
4 Mohamed Chenik
محمد شنيق
(1889–1976)
(1st Term)
1 January 1943 15 May 1943 Independent
5 Slaheddine Baccouche
صلاح الدين البكوش
(1883–1959)
(1st Term)
15 May 1943 21 July 1947 Independent
6 Mustapha Kaak
مصطفى الكعاك
(1893–1984)
21 July 1947 17 August 1950 Independent
(4) Mohamed Chenik
محمد شنيق
(1889–1976)
(2nd Term)
17 August 1950 26 March 1952 Independent
(5) Slaheddine Baccouche
صلاح الدين البكوش
(1883–1959)
(2nd Term)
12 April 1952 2 March 1954 Independent
7
(left)
Mohamed Salah Mzali
(1896–1984)
2 March 1954 6 July 1954 Independent
Georges Dupoizat
(1909–1975)
(Acting Prime Minister)
6 July 1954 7 August 1954 Independent
style="background:; color:white;"| 8 Tahar Ben Ammar
الطاهر بن عمار
(1889–1985)
7 August 1954 20 March 1956 Destour
(Constitutional Liberal Party)
Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Tunisia
style="background:; color:white;"| (8) Tahar Ben Ammar
الطاهر بن عمار
(1889–1985)
20 March 1956 11 April 1956 Destour
(Constitutional Liberal Party)
9 Habib Bourguiba
حبيب بورقيبة
(1903–2000)
11 April 1956 25 July 1957[2] Neo Destour
(New Constitutional Liberal Party)
Prime Ministers of the Republic of Tunisia
Post abolished (25 July 1957-7 November 1969)[3]
10 Bahi Ladgham
الباهي الأدغم
(1913–1998)
7 November 1969 2 November 1970 Socialist Destourian Party
11 Hedi Amara Nouira
الهادي نويرة
(1911–1993)
2 November 1970 23 April 1980 Socialist Destourian Party
12 Mohammed Mzali
محمد مزالي
(1925–2010)
23 April 1980 8 July 1986 Socialist Destourian Party
13 Rachid Sfar
رشيد صفر
(b. 1933)
8 July 1986 2 October 1987 Socialist Destourian Party
14 Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
زين العابدين بن علي
(b. 1936)
2 October 1987 7 November 1987[4] Socialist Destourian Party
15 Hédi Baccouche
الهادي البكوش
(b. 1930)
7 November 1987 27 February 1988 Socialist Destourian Party
style="background:; color:white;"| (15) 27 February 1988 27 September 1989 Constitutional Democratic Rally
style="background:; color:white;"| 16 Hamed Karoui
حامد القروي
(b. 1927)
27 September 1989 17 November 1999 Constitutional Democratic Rally
style="background:; color:white;"| 17 Mohamed Ghannouchi
محمد الغنوشي
(b. 1941)
17 November 1999 18 January 2011[5] Constitutional Democratic Rally
(17) 18 January 2011 27 February 2011[6] Independent
18 Beji Caid el Sebsi
الباجي قائد السبسي
(b. 1926)
27 February 2011 24 December 2011 Independent
style="background:; color:white;"| 19 Hamadi Jebali
حمادي الجبالي
(b. 1949)
24 December 2011 14 March 2013 Ennahda Movement
style="background:; color:white;"| 20 Ali Laarayedh
علي العريّض
(b. 1955)
14 March 2013 Incumbent Ennahda Movement

Footnotes

See also

External links

  • World Statesmen - Tunisia
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