World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Porto Velho

Porto Velho
Municipality
The Municipality of Porto Velho
Top left:Rondonia State Government Office, Top right:Port of Porto Velho, Middle left:Porto Velho Cultural House, Middle right:Sunset in Madeira River, Bottom:Panorama view of downtown from Pedrinhas area
Top left:Rondonia State Government Office, Top right:Port of Porto Velho, Middle left:Porto Velho Cultural House, Middle right:Sunset in Madeira River, Bottom:Panorama view of downtown from Pedrinhas area
Flag of Porto Velho
Flag
Official seal of Porto Velho
Seal
Location of Porto Velho in the State of Rondônia
Location of Porto Velho in the State of Rondônia
Porto Velho is located in Brazil
Porto Velho
Localization of Porto Velho in Brazil
Coordinates:
Country  Brazil
Region North
State Rondônia
Government
 • Mayor Mauro Nazif (PSB)
Area
 • Total 34,082.37 km2 (13,159.28 sq mi)
Elevation 83 m (272 ft)
Population (2010 census)[1]
 • Total 426,558
Time zone UTC-4 (UTC-4)
Postal Code 76800-000
Area code(s) (+55) 69
Website Porto Velho, Rondônia

Porto Velho (Portuguese pronunciation: , Old Port) is the capital of the Brazilian state of Rondônia, in the upper Amazon River basin. The population is 426,558 people (as of the IBGE 2010 census). Located on the border of Rondônia and the state of Amazonas, the town is an important trading center for cassiterite, the mining of which represents the most important economic activity in the region, as well as a transportation and communication center. It is on the eastern shore of the Madeira River, one of the main tributaries of the Amazon River. It is also Rondônia's largest city, and the largest state capital of Brazil by area.

The municipality occupies most of the border between Amazonas and Rondônia, and is both the westernmost and northernmost city in the state.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
    • Vegetation 2.2
  • Economy 3
  • Cityscape 4
  • Transportation 5
    • International Airport 5.1
    • Highways 5.2
  • Education 6
    • Well-known Colleges 6.1
    • Well-known Schools 6.2
  • Culture 7
    • Expovel 7.1
    • Museum 7.2
    • Theatre 7.3
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

This photograph shows an American laundry boss and his "Barbadian" workers, a term used generally to refer to Caribbean immigrants. The laundry in Porto Velho had a steam press, regarded as something of a luxury at the time.

Officially founded on October 2, 1914, Porto Velho was founded by pioneers around 1907, during the construction of the Madeira-Mamoré railroad. After the railroad was completed, the local population was about one thousand inhabitants; its buildings Arthur Oliveira were chiefly the railway's installations and the wooden houses of the Caribbean (mainly Barbadian) workers - hence the name of the town's largest district by then, "Bajan Hill" or "Barbados Town", nowadays called the "Alto do Bode".

During the first sixty years, the city's development was directly connected to the railway's activities. The town prospered during the rubber boom, but then when low-cost Malaysian rubber made rubber from the Amazon uncompetitive, the region's economy ground to a halt. Cities like Santo Antônio do Madeira, which had a tram line and a weekly newspaper by the time of Porto Velho's foundation, are nothing but ruins nowadays.

Porto Velho's survival is associated with the better conditions of the area where it was built, its easy access by the river and its harbor: these were all considerations in the choice of Porto Velho as the capital of the newly formed Federal Territory of Guaporé, in 1943. Only with the beginning of World War II was there another cycle of progress in the region. When the Allied forces lost control over the Malaysian rubber, Amazon's was needed due to the war effort. This produced what is known in Brazil as the "second rubber boom". But when the war ended, the region's economy once again came to a halt.

Porto Velho's modern history begins with the discovery of cassiterite around the city, and of gold on the Madeira River, at the end of the 1950s. In addition, the government's decision to allow large cattle farms in the territory began a trend of migration into the city. Almost one million people moved to Rondônia, and Porto Velho's population increased to three hundred thousand. This intense migration caused much trouble for the city. Among many other problems, the suburban boroughs, for example, are nothing but shanty towns.

Geography

Climate

Porto Velho features a tropical monsoon climate (climate type Am) under the Köppen climate classification. The temperatures tend to be relatively consistent throughout the course of the year, with average daily temperatures typically between 25 and 26 degrees Celsius.[2] The dry season is short and covers the months of June, July and August. Porto Velho is particularly wet from November through April, averaging roughly 200 mm (7.9 in) of rain per month in each of these months.[3] According to the Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET), between 1961 and 1990 the lowest temperature recorded in Porto Velho was 7.4 °C (45.3 °F) in July 1975,[4] and the highest reached 40.9 °C (105.6 °F) in August 1969.[5]

Climate data for Porto Velho (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.2
(99)
36.4
(97.5)
38.7
(101.7)
37.1
(98.8)
36.8
(98.2)
38.8
(101.8)
37.9
(100.2)
40.9
(105.6)
39.4
(102.9)
40
(104)
39.7
(103.5)
38
(100)
40.9
(105.6)
Average high °C (°F) 31.3
(88.3)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.7
(89.1)
32.7
(90.9)
34.3
(93.7)
34
(93)
33.3
(91.9)
32.6
(90.7)
31.6
(88.9)
32.3
(90.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.5
(77.9)
25.5
(77.9)
25.6
(78.1)
25.7
(78.3)
25.3
(77.5)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
25.9
(78.6)
26.2
(79.2)
26.1
(79)
26
(79)
25.5
(77.9)
25.6
(78.1)
Average low °C (°F) 21.7
(71.1)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
21
(70)
19.2
(66.6)
18.3
(64.9)
19
(66)
20.8
(69.4)
21.8
(71.2)
22
(72)
22
(72)
20.9
(69.6)
Record low °C (°F) 14.4
(57.9)
15.4
(59.7)
12
(54)
12.8
(55)
12
(54)
11.8
(53.2)
7.4
(45.3)
10
(50)
12.1
(53.8)
17.7
(63.9)
18.1
(64.6)
11
(52)
7.4
(45.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 320.9
(12.634)
316
(12.44)
273.9
(10.783)
251
(9.88)
126.6
(4.984)
49.2
(1.937)
24.2
(0.953)
36.4
(1.433)
119.9
(4.72)
192.7
(7.587)
225.2
(8.866)
319.1
(12.563)
2,255.4
(88.795)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 19 19 20 17 11 4 3 4 11 13 16 19 156
Average relative humidity (%) 89 88 89.1 89 86 84.1 80 82 84 86 87 88.7 86.08
Mean monthly sunshine hours 107.1 98.3 124 140.1 183.7 226.7 259.7 234 186.8 166.7 137.1 124.2 1,988.4
Source: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET).[2][6][7][3][8][9][10][5][4]

Vegetation

Amazon Rainforest and Madeira River.

The Amazon has over half of the planet's remaining rainforests and is the largest and most species-rich tract of tropical rainforest in the world. Wet tropical forests are the most species-rich biome, and tropical forests in the Americas are consistently more species-rich than wet forests in Africa and Asia.[11] As the largest tract of tropical rainforest in the Americas, the Amazonian rainforests have unparalleled biodiversity.

More than 1/3 of all species in the world live in the Amazon Rainforest.[12]

The majority of the forest surrounding Porto Velho has been cut down, however.[13]

Economy

The GDP for the city was R$3,656,512,000 (2005).[14]

The per capita income for the city was R$9,779 (2005).[15]

Cityscape

Panorama of Porto Velho as viewed from Pedrinhas neighborhood.

Transportation

Porto Velho/Governador Jorge Teixeira de Oliveira International Airport.
Highway BR-364 near Porto Velho.

International Airport

Porto Velho Air Force Base ensures considerable movement of military aircraft. The local people refer to Porto Velho International as Belmont Airport because it is located in this district. It became an international airport in 2002. It was built as a replacement to Caiari Airport, which was closed on April 16, 1969.

Highways

  • BR-174;
  • BR-317;
  • BR-319;
  • BR-364;
  • BR-421;
  • BR-425;
  • BR-429;
  • RO-010;
  • RO-101;
  • RO-490.

Education

Federal University of Rondônia in Porto Velho.

Portuguese is the official national language and primary language taught in schools, but English is part of the official high school curriculum.

Well-known Colleges

  • Universidade Federal de Rondônia (Unir);
  • Instituto Luterano de Ensino Superior de Porto Velho (Iles-Ulbra);
  • Faculdade Interamericana de Porto Velho (Uniron);
  • Faculdade de Ciências Administrativas e de Tecnologia (Fatec-RO);
  • Faculdade de Ciências Humanas, Exatas e Letras de Rondônia (Faro);
  • Faculdade da Amazônia (Iesa);
  • Faculdade de Porto Velho/ Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FIP/FGV);
  • Faculdades Integradas Maria Coelho Aguiar (FIMCA);
  • Faculdade São Lucas;

Well-known Schools

  • Colégio Objetivo;
  • Classe A;
  • Escola Estadual de Ensino Fundamental e Médio João Bento da Costa;
  • Colégio Tiradentes da Polícia Militar;
  • Centro de Ensino Mineiro;
  • Proensino;
  • Instituto Laura Vicuña;
  • Instituto Estadual de Educação Carmela Dutra;
  • Colégio Dom Bosco
  • Centro Educacional Dr Gilberto Mendes De Azevedo

Culture

Casa da Cultura Ivan Marrocos in Porto Velho.

Expovel

The Expovel is an agricultural event in Porto Velho.

Museum

Madeira-Mamoré Railway Museum ()

Theatre

Teatro Municipal, in Joaquim Nabuco Avenue (Downtown) and Teatro Uirassu Rodrigues, in José Bonifácio street.

References

  1. ^ [3] - IBGE/2011
  2. ^ a b "Temperatura Média Compensada (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Temperatura Mínima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Archived from the original on June 21, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Temperatura Máxima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Archived from the original on June 21, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Temperatura Máxima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Temperatura Mínima (°C)" (in Portuguese). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Número de Dias com Precipitação Mayor ou Igual a 1 mm (dias)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Insolação Total (horas)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Umidade Relativa do Ar Média Compensada (%)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  11. ^ Turner, I.M. 2001. The ecology of trees in the tropical rain forest. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 0-521-80183-4
  12. ^ Amazon Rainforest, Amazon Plants, Amazon River Animals
  13. ^ [4]
  14. ^ GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese). Porto Velho, Brazil:  
  15. ^ per capita income (PDF) (in Portuguese). Porto Velho, Brazil:  

External links

  • (Portuguese) Prefeitura Municipal de Porto Velho (official page of Porto Velho)
  • (Portuguese) Unofficial page of Porto Velho history
  • (Portuguese) Twitter
  • (Portuguese) Facebook
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.