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Pennsylvania's at-large congressional district

Pennsylvania elected its United States representatives at-large on a general ticket for the first and third United States Congresses. General ticket representation was prohibited by the 1842 Apportionment Bill and subsequent legislation, most recently in 1967 (Pub.L. 90–196, 2 U.S.C. § 2c).

Some representatives, including Galusha A. Grow, served at-large after 1842 (in Grow's case, it was from 1894 to 1903). This was allowed because Pennsylvania had received an increase in the number of its representatives yet its legislature didn't pass an apportionment bill during those years.

Contents

  • List of representatives 1
    • 1789–1795: Eight then thirteen seats 1.1
    • 1873–1945 1.2
  • References 2

List of representatives

1789–1795: Eight then thirteen seats

Representatives were elected statewide at-large on a general ticket.
Congress Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D Seat E Seat F Seat G Seat H Seat I Seat J Seat K Seat L Seat M
1st
(1789–1791)
George Clymer (Pro-Admin) Henry Wynkoop (Pro-Admin) Thomas Fitzsimons (Pro-Admin) Thomas Hartley (Pro-Admin) Thomas Scott (Pro-Admin) Frederick A.C. Muhlenberg (Pro-Admin) Daniel Hiester (Anti-Admin) Peter G. Muhlenberg (Anti-Admin) In 1793, five seats were added
2nd
(1791–1793)
From 1791 to 1793, Representatives were elected by districts.
3rd
(1793–1795)
In 1793, at-large representation was restored.
John W. Kittera (Pro-Admin) James Armstrong (Pro-Admin) Thomas Fitzsimons (Pro-Admin) Thomas Hartley (Pro-Admin) Thomas Scott (Pro-Admin) Frederick A.C. Muhlenberg (Anti-Admin) Daniel Hiester (Anti-Admin) Peter G. Muhlenberg (Anti-Admin) William Irvine (Anti-Admin) John Smilie (Anti-Admin) William Findley (Anti-Admin) William Montgomery (Anti-Admin) Andrew Gregg (Anti-Admin)

After 1795, most representatives were elected in districts. Occasionally, at-large representatives were also elected.

1873–1945

Cong
ress
Years Seat A Seat B Seat C Seat D
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
43 March 4, 1873 –
March 4, 1875

Charles Albright
Republican Elected in 1872

Retired

Glenni W. Scofield
Republican Redistricted from the 19th district
and re-elected in 1872

Retired
Lemuel Todd Republican Elected in 1872

Retired
No fourth seat
44 March 4, 1875 –
March 4, 1877
No at-large seats
45 March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1879
46 March 4, 1879 –
March 4, 1881
47 March 4, 1881 –
March 4, 1883
48 March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1885
Mortimer F. Elliott Democratic Elected in 1882

Lost re-election
No second seat No third seat No fourth seat
49 March 4, 1885 –
March 4, 1887
Edwin S. Osborne Republican Elected in 1884

Re-elected in 1886

Redistricted to the 12th district
50 March 4, 1887 –
March 4, 1889
51 March 4, 1889 –
March 4, 1891
No at-large seats
52 March 4, 1891 –
March 4, 1893
53 March 4, 1893 –
December 1, 1893
Alexander McDowell Republican Elected in 1892

Retired
William Lilly Republican Elected in 1892
Died
No third seat No fourth seat
December 1, 1893 –
February 26, 1894
Vacant
February 26, 1894 –
March 4, 1895

Galusha Grow
Republican Elected to fill Lilly's vacancy

Elected to full term in 1894

Re-elected in 1896

Re-elected in 1898

Re-elected in 1900

Retired
54 March 4, 1895 –
March 4, 1897

George F. Huff
Republican Elected in 1894

Retired
55 March 4, 1897 –
March 4, 1899
Samuel A. Davenport Republican Elected in 1896

Re-elected in 1898

Retired
56 March 4, 1899 –
March 4, 1901
57 March 4, 1901 –
March 4, 1903
Robert H. Foerderer Republican Elected in 1900

Redistricted to the 4th district
58 March 4, 1903 –
March 4, 1905
No at-large seats
59 March 4, 1905 –
March 4, 1907
60 March 4, 1907 –
March 4, 1909
61 March 4, 1909 –
March 4, 1911
62 March 4, 1911 –
March 4, 1913
63 March 4, 1913 –
March 4, 1915
Fred E. Lewis Republican Elected in 1912

John M. Morin Republican Elected in 1912

Redistricted to the 31st district
Anderson H. Walters Republican Elected in 1912

Retired
Arthur R. Rupley Republican Elected in 1912

64 March 4, 1915 –
March 4, 1917
John R.K. Scott Republican Elected in 1914

Re-elected in 1916

Resigned
Thomas S. Crago Republican Elected in 1914

Re-elected in 1916

Re-elected in 1918

Retired
Daniel F. Lafean Republican Elected in 1914

Retired

Mahlon M. Garland
Republican Elected in 1914

Re-elected in 1916

Re-elected in 1918

Died
65 March 4, 1917 –
January 5, 1919
Joseph McLaughlin Republican Elected in 1916

Lost renomination
January 6, 1919 –
March 4, 1919
Vacant
66 March 4, 1919 –
November 19, 1920
William J. Burke Republican Elected in 1918

Re-elected in 1920

Lost re-election
Anderson H. Walters Republican Elected in 1918

Re-elected in 1920

Retired
November 20, 1920 –
March 4, 1921
Vacant
67 March 4, 1921 –
September 20, 1921
Joseph McLaughlin Republican Elected in 1920

Retired
September 20, 1921 –
March 4, 1923
Thomas S. Crago Republican Elected in 1921

Retired
68 March 4, 1923 –
March 4, 1925
No at-large seats
69 March 4, 1925 –
March 4, 1927
70 March 4, 1927 –
March 4, 1929
71 March 4, 1929 –
March 4, 1931
72 March 4, 1931 –
March 4, 1933
73 March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
74 January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
75 January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
76 January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
77 January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
78 January 3, 1943 –
January 2, 1945
William I. Troutman Republican Elected in 1942

Resigned
No second seat No third seat No fourth seat
January 2, 1945 –
January 3, 1945
Vacant

No at-large representatives were apportioned after the 78th Congress.

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

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