World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará

Article Id: WHEBN0007325930
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Prince João Maria of Orléans-Braganza, Prince Imperial of Brazil, Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza, Reference desk/Archives/Humanities/2015 January 15, Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará

Prince Pedro de Alcântara
Prince of Grão-Pará
Born 15 October 1875
Petrópolis, Empire of Brazil
Died 29 January 1940(1940-01-29) (aged 64)
Petrópolis, Brazil
Burial Cathedral of São Pedro de Alcântara, Petrópolis, Brazil
Spouse Countess Elisabeth Dobržensky de Dobrženicz
Issue Princess Isabelle
Prince Pedro Gastão
Princess Maria Francisca, Duchess of Braganza
Prince João Maria
Princess Teresa
Full name
Pedro de Alcântara Luiz Filipe Maria Gastão Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga
House House of Orléans-Braganza
Father Prince Gaston, Count of Eu
Mother Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
Religion Roman Catholicism
Styles of
Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão Pará
Reference style His Imperial and Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Imperial and Royal Highness
Alternative style Sir

Dom Pedro de Alcântara of Orléans and Braganza, Prince of Grão Para (15 October 1875 – 29 January 1940) was the first-born son of Dona Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, and her husband Gaston of Orléans, count of Eu, and, as such, was born second-in-line to the Imperial throne of Brazil, during the reign of his grandfather, Emperor Dom Pedro II, until the empire's abolition. He went into exile in Europe with his mother when his grandfather was deposed in 1889, and grew up largely in France, at a family apartment in Boulogne-sur-Seine, and at his father's castle, the château d'Eu in Normandy.[1]

Contents

  • Renunciation 1
  • Death of the Princess Imperial 2
  • Issue 3
  • Ancestry 4
  • References 5
  • Sources 6

Renunciation

In 1908 Dom Pedro wanted to marry Countess Elisabeth Dobržensky de Dobrženicz[2](1875–1951) who, although a noblewoman of the Kingdom of Bohemia, did not belong to a royal or reigning dynasty. Although the constitution of the Brazilian Empire did not require a dynast to marry equally,[3] his mother ruled that the marriage would not be valid dynastically for the Brazilian succession,[3] and as a result he renounced his rights to the throne of Brazil on 30 October 1908:[4][5][6][7][8][9][10] To solemnize this, Dom Pedro, aged thirty-three, signed the document translated here:

This renunciation was followed by a letter from Isabel to royalists in Brazil:

Nonetheless, a few years before his death Prince Pedro de Alcântara told a Brazilian newspaper:

"My resignation was not valid for many reasons: besides, it was not a hereditary resignation."[12]

Death of the Princess Imperial

After the death of the Princess Imperial in 1921, the deceased Dom Luiz's son, Prince Pedro Henrique of Orléans-Braganza, assumed the position of claimant to the Brazilian throne and was recognized as such by many of Europe's dynasties.[12] After Dom Pedro de Alcântara's death in 1940 his eldest son, Prince Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza, asserted a counter-claim as the proper successor (garnering the support of his brothers-in-law, the pretenders to the thrones of Orléanist France and Miguelist Portugal), and some Brazilian legal scholars subsequently argued that his father's renunciation would, indeed, have been constitutionally invalid under the monarchy.[12] Although Pedro de Alcântara's daughter, Princess Isabel, is said to have referred to Dom Pedro Gastão as "My brother, the Brazilian Emperor",[12] she acknowledged in her memoirs that their father nonetheless regarded his renunciation as binding, and treated it as effective.[13]

Issue

Pedro and Elisabeth married on 14 November 1908 in Versailles, France, and had 5 children :

After his death his son Prince Pedro Gastão assumed the headship of the Petrópolis branch of the Imperial House of Brazil.

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ Montjouvent, Philippe de (1998). Le comte de Paris et sa Descendance (in French). Charenton: Éditions du Chaney. p. 50.  
  2. ^ Villon, Victor. """Elisabeth Dobrzensky "Empress of Brazil.  
  3. ^ a b  
  4. ^
  5. ^ VIANNA, Hélio. Vultos do Império. São Paulo: Companhia Editoria Nacional, 1968, p.224
  6. ^ FREYRE, Gilberto. Ordem e Progresso. Rio de Janeiro: José Olympio, 1959, p.517 and 591
  7. ^ LYRA, Heitor. História de Dom Pedro II - 1825-1891. São Paulo: Companhia Editora Nacional, 1940, vol.III, p.300
  8. ^ Enciclopaedia Barsa, vol. IV, article "Braganza", p.210, 1992
  9. ^ JANOTTI, Maria de Lourdes. Os Subversivos da República. São Paulo: Brasiliense, 1986, p.255-7
  10. ^ MALATIAN, Teresa Maria. A Ação Imperial Patrianovista Brasileira. São Paulo, 1978, p.153-9
  11. ^ Montjouvent, Philippe de (1998). Le comte de Paris et sa Descendance (in French). Charenton: Éditions du Chaney. p. 97.  
  12. ^ a b c d Bodstein, Astrid (2006). "The Imperial Family of Brazil".  
  13. ^ Tout m'est bonheur, tome 1 (Paris: R. Laffont, 1978), page 445 (French)
Pedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará
Cadet branch of the House of Orléans
Born: 15 October 1875 Died: 29 January 1940
Brazilian royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Princess Maria
Prince of Grão-Pará
15 October 1875 – November 15, 1889
Monarchy abolished
Titles in pretence
Republic declared Prince of Grão-Pará
November 15, 1889 – 5 December 1891
Vacant
Title next held by
Prince Pedro Henrique
Preceded by
Princess Isabel
Prince Imperial of Brazil
5 December 1891 – 9 November 1908
Succeeded by
Prince Luiz

Article about Elisabeth Dobrzensky published in Royal Digest http://pt.scribd.com/doc/231754509/Elisabeth-Dobrzensky-Von-Dobrzenicz-Empress-of-Brazil-PDF-2

Sources

  • thepeerage.com
  • Elisabeth Dobrzensky von Dobrzenicz “Empress of Brazil”
  • Hasan Tusun Bey of Egypt (1901-1946)Nabil
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.