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Outline of Vatican City

 

Outline of Vatican City

The location of Vatican City within Europe
An enlargeable map of Vatican City State, including extraterritorial properties of the Holy See bordering Vatican City

The following outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to Vatican City:

Vatican City – an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical[1] state, being the sovereign territory of the Holy See and ruled by the Bishop of Rome—the Pope, the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church. The territory of this landlocked sovereign city-state consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome, Italy. It has an area of approximately 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of just over 800.[2][3] This makes Vatican City the smallest independent state in the world by both area and population.

Contents

  • General reference 1
  • Geography of Vatican City 2
    • Location of Vatican City 2.1
    • Environment of Vatican City 2.2
      • Natural geographic features of Vatican City 2.2.1
    • Regions of Vatican City 2.3
      • Ecoregions of Vatican City 2.3.1
      • Administrative divisions of Vatican City 2.3.2
    • Demography of Vatican City 2.4
  • Government and politics of Vatican City 3
    • Branches of the government of Vatican City 3.1
      • Executive branch of the government of Vatican City 3.1.1
      • Legislative branch of the government of Vatican City 3.1.2
      • Judicial branch of the government of Vatican City 3.1.3
    • Foreign relations of Vatican City 3.2
      • International organization membership 3.2.1
    • Law and order in Vatican City 3.3
    • Military in Vatican City 3.4
    • Local government in Vatican City 3.5
  • History of Vatican City 4
  • Culture of Vatican City 5
    • Art in Vatican City 5.1
    • Sports in Vatican City 5.2
  • Economy and infrastructure of Vatican City 6
  • Education in Vatican City 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • Sister projects 10

General reference

View of Vatican City from the Castel Sant'Angelo in Rome

Geography of Vatican City

An enlargeable map of Vatican City

Location of Vatican City

Environment of Vatican City

A section of the wall in Vatican City, from the outside, behind the Vatican Gardens.
View of the Vatican Gardens from the dome of St. Peter's Basilica. (The Vatican Museums can be seen to the right).

Natural geographic features of Vatican City

Vatican City is an enclave in an urban area, and lacks the geographic features common to (much larger) countries:

Regions of Vatican City

  • None
  • Vatican City is inside Rome, which in turn lies within the Lazio region of Italy.
  • Vatican City lies next to the Borgo district in Rome.

Ecoregions of Vatican City

  • None

Administrative divisions of Vatican City

Demography of Vatican City

Demographics of Vatican City

Government and politics of Vatican City

Politics of Vatican City

Branches of the government of Vatican City

Palace of the Governatorate, Vatican City

Executive branch of the government of Vatican City

Legislative branch of the government of Vatican City

Judicial branch of the government of Vatican City

  • Absolute judicial authority: Pope, currently Pope Francis
    • Supreme Court of Vatican City (Corte di Cassazione)
      • The Cardinal Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura serves ex officio as the President of the Supreme Court of Vatican City (Corte di Cassazione). The two other members of the Supreme Court are also Cardinals of the Apostolic Signatura and are chosen by the Cardinal Prefect on a yearly basis.[12]
    • Appellate Court of Vatican City
    • Tribunal of Vatican City State
    • Under the terms of article 22 the Lateran Treaty,[13] Italy will, at the request of the Holy See, punish individuals for crimes committed within Vatican City and will itself proceed against the person who committed the offence, if that person takes refuge in Italian territory. Persons accused of crimes recognized as such both in Italy and in Vatican City that are committed in Italian territory will be handed over to the Italian authorities if they take refuge in Vatican City or in buildings that under the treaty enjoy immunity.[14][15]

Foreign relations of Vatican City

International organization membership

International organization membership of Vatican City

Vatican City State is a member of:[16]

Law and order in Vatican City

Law of Vatican City State

Military in Vatican City

Vatican City State has no military, but resident within it is the Swiss Guard.

Local government in Vatican City

  • Being a city-state, the government of Vatican City is also the local government.

History of Vatican City

Main article: History of Vatican City

Culture of Vatican City

Saint Peter's Square and beyond it Rome, as viewed from the dome of Saint Peter's Basilica.
St. Peter's Basilica from the River Tiber. The iconic dome dominates the skyline of this part of Rome.

Art in Vatican City

On the last Sunday of each month, the Vatican Museum is open to the public for free. This is extremely popular and it is common to wait in line for many hours. This image is a panoramic view of one small stretch of the entire queue in April 2007, which continues for some distance in both directions beyond view. In the background is the Vatican City's wall.

Sports in Vatican City

Economy and infrastructure of Vatican City

The Vatican Radio building

Education in Vatican City

See also

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ Vatican City State Institutional Portal
  5. ^ International Telecommunication Union Member States
  6. ^ "Stato della Città del Vaticano" is the name used in the state's founding document, the Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, article 26.
  7. ^ Cf. The Geography Site, "What do call a person from ?"
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ (Infobase Publishing 2006 ISBN 978-0-81606078-8), p. 1009Encyclopedia of World ConstitutionsGerhard Robbers,
  11. ^ , vol. 11, Elsevier 2009 ISBN 978-0-08-044911-1, p.226| Quote:elective theocracy (although its representatives would be unlikely to accept that label)International Encyclopedia of Human GeographyNick Megoran, "Theocracy" in
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ http://www.vatican.va/news_services/press/documentazione/documents/sp_ss_scv/informazione_generale/sp_ss_scv_info-generale_en.html

Sister projects

  • Vatican City State—official website
  • Chief of State and Cabinet Members
  • Outline of Vatican City at DMOZ
  • History of Vatican City: Primary Documents
  • Agreement Between the Italian Republic and the Holy See, 18 February 1984
  • Map of Vatican City
  • The Vatican as a Free Society by Carlo Lottieri
  • Walls of Rome

  • World Heritage Site
  • Vatican City Live Webcam
  • Geographic data related to Outline of Vatican City at OpenStreetMap
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