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Objective idealism

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Title: Objective idealism  
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Subject: Josiah Royce, Idealism, American philosophy, Solipsism, Charles Sanders Peirce
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Objective idealism

Objective idealism is an thing-in-itself of Kant's dualism.

Contents

  • Difference to other idealisms 1
  • Notable proponents 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

Difference to other idealisms

Idealism, in terms of metaphysics, is the philosophical view that the mind or spirit constitutes the fundamental reality. It has taken several distinct but related forms. Among them are objective and subjective idealism. Objective idealism accepts common sense realism (the view that material objects exist) but rejects naturalism (according to which the mind and spiritual values have emerged from material things), whereas subjective idealism denies that material objects exist independently of human perception and thus stands opposed to both realism and naturalism.

Objective idealism … interprets the spiritual as a reality existing outside and independent of human consciousness.
— Oizerman, T.I., The main Trends in Philosophy. Moscow, 1988, p. 57.

Hegel had forms of objective idealism. But it is first associated with Plato.

The philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) stated his own version of objective idealism in the following manner:

The one intelligible theory of the universe is that of objective idealism, that matter is effete mind, inveterate habits becoming physical laws (Peirce, CP 6.25).

Notable proponents

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Pathways school of philosophy". 

References

  • Paul Guyer, "Absolute idealism and the rejection of Kantian dualism", Ch. 2 of The Cambridge Companion to German Idealism, ed. by Karl Ameriks.
  • Peirce, C. S. (1891), "The Architecture of Theories", The Monist vol. 1, no. 2 (January 1891), pp. 161–176. Internet Archive vol. 1The Monist, page 161. Reprinted in Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, vol. 6 (1935), paragraphs 7–34, and in The Essential Peirce, vol. 1 (1992), pp. 285–297).
  • Peirce, C. S., Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, vols. 1–6, Charles Hartshorne and Paul Weiss (eds.), vols. 7–8, Arthur W. Burks (ed.), Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1931–1935, 1958. (Cited as CP vol.para.)


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