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Novokuznetsk

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Title: Novokuznetsk  
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Subject: Metallurg Novokuznetsk, Spichenkovo Airport, Gata Kamsky, Kuznetsk Metallurgists Sports Palace, Evgeny Chigishev
Collection: Novokuznetsk, Populated Places Established in 1618, Tomsk Governorate
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Novokuznetsk

Novokuznetsk (English)
Новокузнецк (Russian)
-  City[1]  -

Mayakovsky Square in Novokuznetsk

Location of Kemerovo Oblast in Russia
Novokuznetsk is located in Kemerovo Oblast
Novokuznetsk
Location of Novokuznetsk in Kemerovo Oblast
Coordinates:
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kemerovo Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Novokuznetsky District,[1] Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of January 2012)
Urban okrug Novokuznetsky Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Novokuznetsky Urban Okrug,[2] Novokuznetsky Municipal District[2]
Head Valery Smolego
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 547,904 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 29th
Time zone KRAT (UTC+07:00)[4]
Founded 1618[5]
City status since 1689[6]
Previous names Kuznetsk (until 1931),
Stalinsk (until 1961)
Dialing code(s) +7 3843
Official website
Novokuznetsk]] on Wikimedia Commons

Novokuznetsk (Russian: Новокузнецк; IPA: ; literally: "new smith's") is a city in Kemerovo Oblast in south-western Siberia, Russia. Population: 547,904 (2010 Census);[3] 549,870 (2002 Census);[7] 599,947 (1989 Census).[8]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Administrative and municipal status 2
    • City districts 2.1
  • Education 3
  • Industry 4
  • Sports 5
  • Transportation 6
  • Twin towns and sister cities 7
  • Gallery 8
  • References 9
    • Notes 9.1
    • Sources 9.2
  • External links 10

History

Founded in 1618 by men from Tomsk as a Cossack ostrog (fort) on the Tom River, it was initially called Kuznetsky ostrog (Кузне́цкий острог).[5] It became the seat of Kuznetsky Uyezd in 1622.[6] Kuznetsk (Кузне́цк) was granted town status in 1689.[6] It was here that Fyodor Dostoevsky married his first wife, Maria Isayeva (1857).[9] Joseph Stalin's rapid industrialization of the Soviet Union transformed the sleepy town into a major coal mining and industrial center in the 1930s. It merged with Sad Gorod in 1931. In 1931–1932, the city was known as Novokuznetsk and between 1932–1961 as Stalinsk (Ста́линск), after Stalin.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Novokuznetsk serves as the administrative center of Novokuznetsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Novokuznetsk City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Novokuznetsky Urban Okrug.[2]

City districts

Education

  • Novokuznetsk branch of Kemerovo State University
  • Siberian State Industrial University
  • Kuzbass State Pedagogical Academy
  • State Institute for Physicians Postgraduate Training (also known as Novokuznetsk Postgraduate Physician Institute), Russian Ministry of Health
  • Novokuznetsk Scientific Center of Medicosocial Expert Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Invalids, Federal Agency for Public Health and Social welfare
  • Institute of General Problems of Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences

Industry

Novokuznetsk is a heavily industrial city and is located in the heart of the Kuzbass region. Factories in the city include:

Sports

Metallurg Novokuznetsk is an ice hockey team based in Novokuznetsk, playing in the Kontinental Hockey League.The football team of the same name was recently promoted to the Russian first division below the premier .

RC Novokuznetsk compete in the Professional Rugby League, the highest division of rugby union in Russia.

Columbus Blue Jackets goaltender Sergei Bobrovsky was born in Novokuznetsk and played his first four professional seasons with Metallurg Novokuznetsk.

Transportation

The main airport is the Spichenkovo Airport. The city is also a major railway junction with both local and long distance trains. Local public transport is provided by trams, buses, and trolleybuses.

Twin towns and sister cities

Novokuznetsk is twinned with:

Gallery

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #215-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d Law #104-OZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Добжанский В. Н., Ширин Ю. В. [Dobzhansky V. N., Shirin Yu. V.]. ]"Kuznetsky ostrog in 1618 and its 1620 reconstruction"Кузнецкий острог 1618 года и его перестройка в 1620 году [. Official site of Novokuznetsk municipal administration (in Русский). admnkz.ru. Retrieved October 5, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c "Review of City History". Official site of Novokuznetsk municipal administration (in Русский). admnkz.ru. Retrieved October 5, 2012. 
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "F. M. Dostoevsky Literary-Memorial Museum in Novokuznetsk". Fyodor Dostoevsky Literary Memorial Museum. Retrieved October 17, 2012. 
  10. ^ Міста-побратими м. Запоріжжя [Twin Cities Zaporozhye]. City of Zaporizhia (in Ukrainian). Шановні відвідувачі і користувачі сайту. Archived from the original on 2012-08-03. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 

Sources

  • Совет народных депутатов Кемеровской области. Закон №215-ОЗ от 27 декабря 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области», в ред. Закона №131-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кемеровской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований" и Закон Кемеровской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области"». Вступил в силу в день, следующий за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №243, 28 декабря 2007 г. (Council of People's Deputies of Kemerovo Oblast. Law #215-OZ of December 27, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #131-OZ of December 22, 2014 On Amending the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations" and the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast". Effective as of the day following the official publication date.).
  • Совет народных депутатов Кемеровской области. Закон №104-ОЗ от 17 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №131-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кемеровской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований" и Закон Кемеровской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №242, 24 декабря 2004 г. (Council of People's Deputies of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Law #104-OZ of December 17, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations, as amended by the Law #131-OZ of December 22, 2014 On Amending the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations" and the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).

External links

  • (Russian) Official website of Novokuznetsk
  • Siberian State Industrial University (SIBSIU)
  • (Russian) Life in Novokuznetsk
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