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Narathiwat Province

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Title: Narathiwat Province  
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Subject: List of districts of Thailand, Thailand, Chanae District, Mueang Narathiwat District, Sukhirin District
Collection: Gulf of Thailand, Narathiwat Province, Provinces of Thailand
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Narathiwat Province

Narathiwat
นราธิวาส
Province
Official seal of Narathiwat
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Narathiwat Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Narathiwat Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Narathiwat
Government
 • Governor of Narathiwat Natthapong Sirichana
Area
 • Total 4,475.0 km2 (1,727.8 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 50th
Population (2014)
 • Total 774,799[1]
 • Rank Ranked 36th
 • Density rank Ranked 24th
HDI
 • HDI (2009) 0.636 (medium) (76th)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Area code(s) 073
ISO 3166 code TH-96
Vehicle registration นราธิวาส

Narathiwat (Thai: นราธิวาส) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from west clockwise) Yala and Pattani. To the south it borders the Malaysian state of Kelantan. The southern railway line ends in this province, which is one of the nation’s five provinces that borders Malaysia.[2][2] The province features a range of cultures as well as natural resources, and is relatively fertile. Narathiwat is about 1,140 kilometers south of Bangkok and has an area of 4,475 square kilometers. Seventy five percent of the area is jungle and mountains and has a tropical climate.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Climate 2
  • Etymology 3
  • History 4
  • Demographics 5
  • Symbols 6
  • Administrative divisions 7
  • Recent history 8
  • Attractions 9
    • Religious Sites 9.1
      • Central Mosque of Narathiwat 9.1.1
      • Khao Kong Buddhist Park 9.1.2
        • Pra Buddha Thaksin Ming Monkol 9.1.2.1
  • Transportation 10
    • Airlines 10.1
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Geography

Narathiwat province is located on the Gulf of Thailand, on the Malay Peninsula. The Bang Nara is the main river and enters the Gulf of Thailand at the town of Narathiwat. Narathat beach, the most popular in the province, is near the estuary.

Budo – Su-ngai Padi National Park is located within the Sankalakhiri mountain range. Established in 1974, the park covers an area of 294 km², extending into neighbouring Yala and Pattani province. The main attraction is Pacho Waterfall.[3]

Climate

Climate data for Narathiwat (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.8
(85.6)
30.8
(87.4)
31.9
(89.4)
33.2
(91.8)
33.4
(92.1)
33.3
(91.9)
32.8
(91)
32.9
(91.2)
32.5
(90.5)
31.7
(89.1)
30.1
(86.2)
29.3
(84.7)
31.81
(89.24)
Average low °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
22.9
(73.2)
23.5
(74.3)
24.1
(75.4)
24.3
(75.7)
23.9
(75)
23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.6
(74.5)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
23.54
(74.37)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 101.6
(4)
53.7
(2.114)
117.4
(4.622)
72.8
(2.866)
142.1
(5.594)
123.2
(4.85)
134.0
(5.276)
158.3
(6.232)
182.7
(7.193)
254.4
(10.016)
554.9
(21.846)
562.5
(22.146)
2,457.6
(96.755)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 14 8 7 8 14 13 14 15 17 20 23 23 176
Average relative humidity (%) 82 81 81 80 81 80 81 81 82 83 87 85 82
Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)

Etymology

The former name of Narathiwat was Menara (Jawi: منارا), meaning a 'minaret' in Malay, the pre-Islamic name is unknown. This became Bang Nara (Thai: บางนรา) or Bang Nak (Thai: บางนาค) in Thai,[4] but was changed to Narathiwat by King Rama VI in 1915.[5] "Narathiwat", from the Sanskrit (Nara+adhivāsa), means the residence of wise people. Today, traffic signs in Malaysia still use Menara.

History

Historically, Narathiwat was the part of the semi-independent Malay Sultanate of Patani, paying tribute to the Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and Siamese kingdom of Ayuthia. After Ayutthaya fell in 1767, Sultanate of Patani gained full independence, but under King Rama I it again came under Thai control 18 years later and in the early 1800s was divided into 7 smaller kingdoms.

In 1909, Narathiwat was fully integrated into Siam as part of Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 negotiated with the British Empire. Along with Yala, Narathiwat was then part of Monthon Pattani. There is a small but active separatist movement, which after being dormant for many years erupted again in 2004.

Demographics

Narathiwat is one of the four Thai provinces which have a Muslim majority; 82% are Muslim and only 17.9% are Buddhist.[6] Also 80.4% speak the Patani Malay as their first language.[2] Narathiwat Malays are very similar in ethnicity and culture to the Malays of Kelantan, Malaysia.

The inhabitants of Narathiwat are largely farmers and fishermen.[7] On account of the religion, Narathiwat is an area with various religious places of historical significance.


Symbols

The provincial seal shows a sailing boat with a white elephant on the sail. A white elephant is a royal symbol, and was put on the seal to commemorate the white elephant Phra Sri Nararat Rajakarini which was caught here and presented to the king.

The provincial symbol is the longkong fruit (Lansium parasiticum). The provincial tree is the Chengal (Neobalanocarpus heimii), and the provincial flower is the Odontadenia macrantha.

Administrative divisions

Narathiwat is subdivided into 13 districts (amphoe), which are further subdivided into 77 subdistricts (tambon) and 551 villages (muban).

Map Number Name Thai Malay
1 Mueang Narathiwat เมืองนราธิวาส Menara
2 Tak Bai ตากใบ Taba
3 Bacho บาเจาะ Bahcok
4 Yi-ngo ยี่งอ Jeringo
5 Ra-ngae ระแงะ Legeh
6 Rueso รือเสาะ Ruso, Jaba
7 Si Sakhon ศรีสาคร Saka, Kula Kaway
8 Waeng แว้ง Raweang
9 Sukhirin สุคิริน
10 Su-ngai Kolok สุไหงโก-ลก Sungai Golok
11 Su-ngai Padi สุไหงปาดี Sungai Padi
12 Chanae จะแนะ Sene
13 Cho-airong เจาะไอร้อง ?

Local government entities within the province are the two towns (thesaban mueang) Narathiwat and Sungai Kolok, and 12 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon).

Recent history

There has been growing violence in southern Thailand since January 4, 2004, especially in the majority Muslim provinces of Narathiwat, Yala, and Pattani. Most of the inhabitants of these provinces are ethnic Malays, though the cities are mainly Thai and Thai Chinese. Violent mujahideen activity has happened since the 1980s, but this lessened since Thaksin Shinawatra became Prime Minister in 2001.

Most of the violence has been directed towards the minority Buddhist population in the province.

The government has been suspected in organising violent attacks on Muslims. In On June 8, 2009, at least 10 died in a shooting during the Muslim evening prayers. Five or six gunmen disguised themselves with ski masks attacked the mosque. The army denied involvement.[8]

Attractions

Religious Sites

Central Mosque of Narathiwat

The important religious site for Muslims is the central mosque of Narathiwat. This mosque is on Pitchitbamrung Road, Tambon Bangnark, Amphoe Muang, about 1 kilometer from the provincial town. This mosque is the center for Thai Muslims who come to do their observances on Friday. It was built in 1981 in a three-storied Arabian-style building with a high tower and a domed roof as other mosques. The tower is used to call Muslims to prayer. [9]

Khao Kong Buddhist Park

17.9 percent of the people in Narathiwat are Buddhist.[6] Although a minority, there are Buddhist temples in the same amphoe as the mosque. The most famous one is Khao Kong Buddhist Park. It occupies an area of 142 rai (227,200 square metres (2,446,000 sq ft)) in Tambon Lamphu about 9 kilometers from town on the Narathiwat-Rangae Road.[2]

Pra Buddha Thaksin Ming Monkol

The main attraction in this site is a graceful southern Buddha image, the golden “Pra Buddha Thaksin Ming Monkol”,[9] which is seated in the lotus position and giving posture. "This mountaintop Buddha image which is considered to be the most beautiful and largest (17 meters wide and 24 meters high) outdoor Buddha image in southern Thailand is decorated in the South Indian style".[2] It is highly respected by locals and Buddhists in the south.[7]

Transportation

Airlines

Narathiwat Airport has a direct flight from and to Bangkok daily, operated by Air Asia, departing from Bangkok in the morning and leaving Narathiwat for Bangkok in the afternoon.

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c d e Tourism Authority of Thailand. (2006). Narathiwat. Retrieved February 4, 2007, from http://www.tourismthailand.org/destinationguide/list.aspx?provinceid=76&typeid=7
  3. ^
  4. ^ ประพนธ์ เรืองณรงค์. "บทผนวกเกียรติยศ". ใน รัฐปัตตานีใน "ศรีวิชัย" เก่าแก่กว่ารัฐสุโขทัยในประวัติศาสตร์. สุจิตต์ วงษ์เทศ (บรรณาธิการ). พิมพ์ครั้งที่ 2. กรุงเทพฯ:มติชน. 2547, หน้า 350
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b Narathiwat province. (2007, January 17). Retrieved February 4, 2007, from http://worldheritage.org/w/Narathiwat_Province&oldid=101239820
  7. ^ a b Tasanasuwan, P. (1991). Changwat kong rao sib see changwat pak tai [Our province 14 provinces in the South]. Bangkok: Thai Watana Panitch
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b Government of Narathiwat. (2000). Narathiwat Thailand [Brochure]. Narathiwat: Author.

External links

  • http://www.narathiwat.go.th/ Website of province (Thai)
  • Province page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand

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