World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Nahshon

Article Id: WHEBN0001603819
Reproduction Date:

Title: Nahshon  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Genealogy of Jesus, Amminadab, Nisan, Elisheba, Salmon (biblical figure)
Collection: Biblical Characters in Rabbinic Literature, Torah People, Yiddish Words and Phrases
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Nahshon

Lunette depicting Nahshon in the Sistine Chapel.

Nahshon (Hebrew: נַחְשׁוֹן Naḥšōn) was, according to a Jewish Midrash, the person who initiated the Hebrews' passage through the Red Sea, by walking in head-deep until the sea parted.

Contents

  • Biblical data 1
  • In rabbinical literature 2
  • In art 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Biblical data

According to the Hebrew Bible, Nahshon was a son of Amminadab, descendant in the fifth generation of Judah, and brother-in-law of Aaron.[1][2][3] According to the Greek New Testament,[4] he is also the father-in-law of Rahab. He was an Israelite and a Judahite, and a member of the Perezite and Hezronite clans, through his descent from Jacob, Judah, Perez, and Hezron, respectively.

According to the Book of Numbers, he was at least 20 years old during the census in the Sinai, during the Exodus.[5] By the same account, those of the Israelites who were among the original number that had set out from Egypt, of whom Nahshon was one, did not survive the forty-year sojourn in the wilderness to enter the Promised Land of Canaan.

Nahshon was appointed by Moses, upon God's command, as prince and military commander of the Tribe of Judah and one of the leaders of the tribes of Israel. Although his tribe was fourth in the order of the Patriarchs, at the dedication of the Tabernacle he was the first to bring his dedicatory offering.[3] His title or role is translated into Modern English variously in the New Revised Standard Version, as "leader" and census-taker,[6] one of the "heads of their ancestral houses, the leaders of the tribes",[7] "first .. over the whole company",[8] and "prince of the sons of Judah".[9]

Nahshon was, through Boaz, the direct male ancestor of David,[3] and thus almost all of the kings of both the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah. He was exactly halfway in the direct male line between Judah and King David.

Nahshon is also mentioned in the Greek New Testament in the genealogy of Jesus of Nazareth, called the Messiah.[10]

In rabbinical literature

Owing to his direct descent from Judah and to his being the progenitor of so many kings, Nahshon is extolled by the rabbis as a most noble man. Nahshon's sister Elisheba married Aaron,[11] and this is especially mentioned as a hint that one should take care to select a wife whose brothers are noble.[12]

The Midrash relates that during the Exodus, when the Israelites reached the Red Sea, it did not automatically part. The Israelites stood at the banks of the sea and wailed with despair, but Nahshon entered the waters. Once he was up to his nose in the water, the sea parted.[13] This is the origin of his name "Nahshol", that is, "stormy sea-waves". Nahshon was a model prince,[14] and was called "king".[15]

Michelangelo - Sistine Chapel lunette Naason

When the princes of the different tribes were required to bring their offerings, each on a separate day, Moses was embarrassed, not knowing who should be the first; but all Israel pointed at Nahshon, saying, "He sanctified the name of God by springing first into the Red Sea; he is worthy to bring down the Shekhinah; therefore he shall be the first to bring the offering."[16][17]

The offering brought by Nahshon is pointed out as having been his own and not that of his tribe.[18] In the account of the offering the words Va'korbano ("and his sacrifice") and Etodim each have a ו (vav), while the same words in the accounts of the other princes' offerings have no ו (vav). This letter, the numerical value of which is six, indicates that Nahshon was the ancestor of six men — David, the Messiah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah — each of whom was distinguished for six praiseworthy qualities.[19]

In art

Nahshon is depicted as one the ancestors of Christ in a lunette in the Sistine Chapel, where a youthful Nahshon is shown wearing a red robe and reading a book.[20]

See also

References

  1. ^ Exodus 6:23
  2. ^ I Chronicles 2:4-10.
  3. ^ a b c Jewish encyclopedia"Nahshon",
  4. ^ Matthew 1:4-5
  5. ^ Numbers 1:7
  6. ^ Numbers 1:4-5, 7
  7. ^ Numbers 7:2-4, 12-17
  8. ^ Numbers 10:14
  9. ^ I Chronicles 2:10-11
  10. ^ Matthew 1:4 and Luke 3:32-33
  11. ^ Exodus 6:23
  12. ^ Baba Batra 110a.
  13. ^ Klein, Zoe. "Nahshon, Music, and Shmutz", ReformJudaism.org
  14. ^ Hor. 11a; Zeb. 9b, 101b
  15. ^ Sifre, Num. 47.
  16. ^ Num. R. xii. 26.
  17. ^ Sotah 37a; Numbers Rabbah xiii. 7.
  18. ^ Sifre, Num. 48).
  19. ^ Num. R. xiii. 11.
  20. ^ "Nahshon", Web Gallery of Art

 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.