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Mid-Sha'ban

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Mid-Sha'ban

Mid-Sha'ban
Observed by Twelver Shia Islam, Sunni Islam
Significance Muhammad al-Mahdi
Date 15 Sha'ban
Related to The Occultation

Bara'at Night (

  • Iranian celebration pictures in Mid-Sha'ban
  • Shabe-Baraat: Introduction and guidance on special prayers for the night. (Includes Salaatul Tasbih)
  • Significance of Shab-e-Barat
  • Shab-e-BaratArticle on
  • Night of Salvation [Shab-e-Barat] and How to Spend it? http://seekerofthesacredknowledge.wordpress.com/2012/07/04/what-is-night-of-salvation-shab-e-barat-and-how-to-spend-it/

External links

  1. ^ Dinesh Bihari Trivedi, A. H. M. Zehadul Karim, Law and order in upper India: a study of Oudh, 1856-1877, Northern Book Centre, 1990,  
  2. ^ Jamal J. Elias, Islam: Religions of the world, Psychology Press, 1999,  
  3. ^ Qur'an 97:1-5
  4. ^ Qur'an 2:185
  5. ^ Fatwa by the Permanent Committee
  6. ^ Said Nursî, Şükran Vahide, Letters, 1928-1932: Volume 2 of Risale-i nur, Nur Publishers, 1994,  
  7. ^ Muhammad Umar Memon, Aḥmad ibn ʻAbd al-Ḥalīm Ibn Taymīyah, Ibn Taimīya's struggle against popular religion: with an annotated translation of his Kitāb iqtiḍāʾ aṣ-ṣirāṭ al-mustaquīm mukhālafat aṣḥāb al-jaḥīm, Mouton, 1976,  
  8. ^ Shah Muhammad Badi Ul Alam, What Is Man and the Universal Religion of Man - Volume 1, Read Books, 2007,  
  9. ^ Ibn Khuzaimah (223 - 311 Hijri), 30 June 2010, ... On The Attribute of Descent and Its Kayfiyyah (i.e. Reality, Howness): Ibn Khuzaymah, may Allah bestow His mercy upon him said: “The scholars of Hijaz and Iraq reported from the Prophet that the Lord descends to the sky of the dunya every night. We therefore testify and acknowledge on our tongues while our hearts are certain of the information about the descending of Allah without delving into how it happens because our Prophet did not describe to us how our Creator descends to the sky of the dunya but he only informed us that He does descend. And Allah – Most High – and His Prophet did not leave a matter that Muslims are required to know about their religion without mentioning it to them. Therefore, we narrate this information and believe in what it includes about the descending of Allah without delving into how this happens or describing this descending as the Prophet did not describe it to us.” ... 
  10. ^ "Iranians celebrate birth of Imam Mahdi". http://www.presstv.ir. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "A Dazzling Night in Iran Embellished with Spirituality". http://realiran.org. Retrieved 26 May 2015. 

References

See also

In South Asia, Muslims make sweets (especially Halwa or Zarda) to be given to the neighbours and the poor on the evening prior to the 15th of Sha'ban. This custom of distributing Halva is also practiced in Bosnia on the 15th night of Sha'ban, as well as on three other holidays: Laylat al-Qadr, Laylat al-Mi'raj and Laylat al-Raghaib.

Related customs

According to Twelver Shias, Muhammad al-Mahdi, the final Shia Imām, was born on 15 Sha’ban. Shi'as celebrate Muhammad al-Mahdi's birthday on that day and perform religious acts such as prayers, fasting, and worship. Iranian cities are decorated on night of Mid-Sha'ban.[10][11]

Mid-Shaaban at the Jamkaran Mosque, Qom.

Twelver Shia view

Some Salafi streams oppose the recognition of Mid-Sha'ban as exceptional.[7] However, those "neo-"Salafis don't consider quotations from Ibn Khuzaymah's book, Kitab At-Tawhid wa Ithbat Sifat ar-Rabb (which is used extensively by Salafis for 'Aqidah), about Mid-Sha'ban. Ibn Khuzaymah has specifically mentioned the night of Nisf-Sha'ban in his book (in the section on Nuzool, normally meaning Revelation but in the current context Descent (of Allah)) from the hadith of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq. He clarified in the same book that, while it has been revealed that Allah does descend to the world every night, the exact method of the descent remains unrevealed.[8][9]

Even when hadiths are used to justify the night, Salafi scholars have labeled such hadiths as weak (da'if). Day of Arafa, Laylat al-Qadr and Day of Ashura on the other hand have much stronger references in Quran and/or hadiths.

Salafi view

Dr. Muhammad al-Jibaly said: The hadith indicates that this night surely has a special merit.

Shaykh Abd al-Qadir al-Gilani has mentioned in his book ”Ghunyat li Talibee Tariqil Haqq” (i.e., The Gift for those seeking the path of truth) that the month of Shaban according to some narrations is related to Muhammad. So, it is the duty of Muslims, as the followers of Muhammad to love and respect this month more than any other month (besides Ramadhan). Muslims should also offer abundantly salutations upon Muhammad.

Each Tasbih or Du’a should begin and terminate with the recital of Salawat and one who wishes for the acceptance of his Du’as should use the Wasila of Muhammad.

Also on this night the Doors of Mercy and Forgiveness are opened wide,and those who sincerely grieve over and repent for their past sins and seek forgiveness from Allah are pardoned and forgiven by Allah.

As for the other narrations concerning the 15th of Sha'baan (which are not believed authentic), the Hanafi scholar, Shaikh Mulla 'Ali al-Qaari (d.1014H) records some of these hadiths:

On this night, Muslims perform Nawaafil, recite the Qur'an, Salawat, Kalima Tayyibah, and seek forgiveness.

There are many other narrations from Sahaba and early Muslims confirming this matter, as mentioned by Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali in his Lataif al-Ma`arif, amongst others.

In his Majmu`, Al-Nawawi quoted Al-Shafi`i saying that there are 5 nights when dua (prayer) is answered, one of them being the night of the 15th of Sha`ban.[6]

Sunnis observe mid-Sha'ban as a night of worship and salvation. Various hadiths have been transmitted in this regard, some weak and others graded hasan or sahih.

Sunni views and hadiths

This passage has however also been attributed to another Islamic holy night, Laylat al-Qadr, based on additional verses.[3][4][5]

"We sent it (this Qur'an) down on a blessed night. Verily, We are ever warning [mankind that Our Torment will reach those who disbelieve in Our Oneness of Lordship and in Our Oneness of worship]. Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments"[Quran 44:3–4]

Although not mentioned directly in the Qur'an, two verses are sometimes ascribed to Mid-Sha`ban:

Quran

The base for celebrating Mid-Sha`ban is not without dispute. Whether or not 15 Sha`aban is regarded as a special holiday, has primarily been an issue of interpreting the Quran and classifying the Hadith.

Origins

  • Bara'at Night. 'Bara'at' is an Arabic noun which is roughly translated to English as either innocence, records, assignment, deliverance or salvation.
    • Laylat al-Bara'at (Arabic: ليلة البراءة‎)
    • Shab-e-Baraat (Urdu: شبِ برات‎); Şeva Beratê (Kurdish)
    • Berat Kandili (Turkish)
  • Mid-Sha`ban or Half of Sha`ban. Named after the day's chronological position in the eighth month of the Islamic calendar:
    • Nisf(u) Sha`ban (Arabic: نصف شعبان‎), Nisfu Syaban (Malay)
    • Nim Sha`ban (Persian: نيم شعبان‎‎)

The 15th of Sha`aban goes by several names, depending on the country in which it is observed. Most can be categorised into two general meanings:

Etymology

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Origins 2
    • Quran 2.1
    • Sunni views and hadiths 2.2
    • Salafi view 2.3
    • Twelver Shia view 2.4
  • Related customs 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

on this date. Muhammad al-Mahdi commemorate the birthday of Twelver Shia muslims Additionally, [2]

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