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Martin County, Indiana

Martin County, Indiana
Martin County Courthouse
Map of Indiana highlighting Martin County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded January 20, 1820
Named for Major John T. Martin
Seat Shoals
Largest city Loogootee
Area
 • Total 340.41 sq mi (882 km2)
 • Land 335.74 sq mi (870 km2)
 • Water 4.67 sq mi (12 km2), 1.37%
Population
 • (2010) 10,334
 • Density 31/sq mi (11.87/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Footnotes: Indiana county number 51

Martin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 10,334.[1] The county seat is Shoals.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • National protected area 2.2
  • Highways 3
  • Climate and weather 4
  • Cities and towns 5
  • Townships 6
  • Government 7
  • Education 8
  • Demographics 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11

History

Martin County was formed in 1820 from Daviess and Dubois Counties. It was named for Maj. John T. Martin of Newport, Kentucky.[3][4]

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 340.41 square miles (881.7 km2), of which 335.74 square miles (869.6 km2) (or 98.63%) is land and 4.67 square miles (12.1 km2) (or 1.37%) is water.[5]

Most of the land in Martin County is owned by the US Government. About a third of the county belongs to the Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division, and about a quarter of the county belongs to Hoosier National Forest.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Highways

Climate and weather

Shoals, Indiana
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.2
 
 
37
19
 
 
2.9
 
 
43
22
 
 
4.3
 
 
54
31
 
 
4.5
 
 
65
40
 
 
5.6
 
 
75
50
 
 
4.2
 
 
83
59
 
 
4.7
 
 
86
64
 
 
3.8
 
 
85
62
 
 
3.4
 
 
79
54
 
 
3.1
 
 
68
42
 
 
4.5
 
 
54
34
 
 
3.5
 
 
42
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in Shoals have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.92 inches (74 mm) in February to 5.60 inches (142 mm) in May.[6]

Cities and towns

Townships

Government

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[7][8]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[7][8]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[8]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[8]

Martin County is part of Indiana's 8th congressional district; Indiana Senate district 48;[9] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 62 and 63.[10]

Education

School Type Enrollment Mascot Colors IHSAA Class Athletic Conference
Loogootee High School Public 325 Lions                A Blue Chip Conference
Shoals High School Public 223 JugRox           A Blue Chip Conference

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 10,334 people, 4,216 households, and 2,832 families residing in the county.[16] The population density was 30.8 inhabitants per square mile (11.9/km2). There were 4,786 housing units at an average density of 14.3 per square mile (5.5/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 98.4% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[16] In terms of ancestry, 27.8% were German, 19.2% were Irish, 14.9% were English, and 12.7% were American.[17]

Of the 4,216 households, 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.8% were non-families, and 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 41.8 years.[16]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $55,017. Males had a median income of $41,411 versus $30,503 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,750. About 8.6% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.2% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Martin County QuickFacts".  
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 567. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 201. 
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County".  
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Shoals, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ a b  
  8. ^ a b c d  
  9. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  10. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data".  
  17. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  18. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  

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