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Mansehra

Mansehra .
مانسہرہ
Town and Union council
Mansehra is surrounded by verdant mountains
Mansehra is surrounded by verdant mountains
Mansehra   . is located in Pakistan
Mansehra .
Location in Pakistan
Coordinates:
Country Pakistan
Region Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
District Mansehra District
Elevation 1,088 m (3,570 ft)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Mansehra Urdu: مانسہرہ) is a town located in Mansehra District, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Maurya Dynasty 1.1
    • Sikh Rule 1.2
    • British Period 1.3
  • Subdivisions 2
    • Mansehra City 2.1
  • Education 3
  • Cultural festival 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

Maurya Dynasty

During the Maurya dynasty, Mansehra was a part of Taxila. Ashoka the Great was the governor of this area when he was a prince. After the death of his father, the Mauryan emperor Bindusara, Ashoka ascended to the throne around 272 B.C. and made this area one of the major seats of his government. The Edicts of Ashoka inscribed on three large boulders on the side of a rocky outcrop near Mansehra serve as evidence of his rule. The Mansehra rocks record fourteen of Ashoka's edicts, presenting aspects of the emperor's dharma or righteous law, and represent the earliest irrefutable evidence of writing in South Asia. Dating to middle of the third century BC, they are written from right to left in the Kharosthi script.[2]

Sikh Rule

The fall of the Durranis led way for the Sikhs to rise to power under Ranjit Singh. The Sikhs gained control of the area in 1818. The actual town or city of Mansehra was allegedly founded by Man Singh, a Sikh governor. Soon after the Sikh rule, popular uprisings against the sikhs began. One of the most popular being of Syed Ahmad Barelvi. However, the uprising failed. Syed Ahmad and hundreds of his followers were killed by the Sikh army in Balakot, Mansehra District in 1831due to the treachery of the local pashtun tribal chiefs. A number of Syed Ahmad's followers survived and continued to fight on, taking part in tribal uprisings in the North-west province as late as 1897 against the British. The short lived 30 year rule of the Sikhs ended in 1849. This is when the area came under the British rule.[3][4]

British Period

By 1849, the British had gained control of all of Mansehra. People of Mansehra remained a constant source of trouble for the British for four decades (1852–92). The British sent many expeditions to crush the rebellion, especially in the Black Mountains. To maintain peace in the area the British also took preventive measures by co-opting the local rulers.

The British divided Hazara District into three tehsils (administrative subdivisions): Mansehra, Abbottabad, and Haripur; and decided to annex it to the Punjab. In 1901, when the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) (now Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa) was formed, Hazara was separated from Punjab and made a part of it. Throughout their rule in Mansehra, the British met fierce resistance from the local tribes and declared martial law. Meanwhile, the many villages around Mansehra largely governed themselves.

During British rule, Mansehra was still a small town; its population according to the 1901 census was 5,087.[5] During the British period Mansehra was the headquarters of Mansehra Tehsil, then a subdivision of Hazara District.

When the Muslim League in Pakistan started its movement for a separate land, the local people joined and struggled for liberation under the leadership of Quaid-i-Azam. Their eventual victory culminated in the creation of Pakistan, an independent state for the Muslims of the sub-continent.

During Bhutto's regime, Mansehra was upgraded to a district, containing two subdivisions: Mansehra and Battagram. Later, the Mansehra district was divided into two districts namely Mansehra and Battagram, and tow subdivisions Balakot and Oghi were added to the Mansehra district.

Subdivisions

Mansehra District is divided to three main subdivisions (called Tehsil) namely Tehsil Mansera, Tehsil Balakot and Tehsil Oghi.

Mansehra City

Mansehra City is the administrative capital of District and Tehsil Mansehra. The city of Mansehra is administratively divided into four Union Councils:[6]

  • Mansehra City Ward No 1
  • Mansehra City Ward No 2
  • Mansehra City Ward No 3
  • Mansehra City Ward No 4
  • Mansehra (Rural)/suburban

Each union council is divided into Mohallas.

Education

Mansehra is in a province with a literacy rate of 35.41%. In comparison, Pakistan as a whole has literacy rate of 43.92%, while Islamabad leads the nation with 72.4% literacy.[7]

The district has one university, the Hazara University and several colleges.

Cultural festival

In Durgashtami in Chetr and in Assu,[8] at the locality of Bareri, Hindus from the vicinity, to the number of about 400, assemble at the top of Bareri hill to worship Devi (as Durga)and to present offerings, which are taken by a Brahmin of Mansehra.[8] The assembly on each occasion lasts only one day.[8] The boulders near the base of Bareri Hill are notable because they contain Ashokan inscriptions.[9] In the Gandhian (village), there is an old temple located at a hemlet termed as Chitti Gatti, dedicated to Shiva and probably one of the oldest Shiva Lingas in the region.

References

  1. ^ "Location of Mansehra". Falling Rain. Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  2. ^ "UNESCO world heritage Centre - Mansehra Rock Edicts". Whc.unesco.org. 2004-01-30. Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  3. ^ Hazara Gazetteer 1884
  4. ^ Gazetteer 1884,
  5. ^ "Mānsehra Village - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 203". Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  6. ^ "Tehsils & Unions in the District of Mansehra - Government of Pakistan". Nrb.gov.pk. Retrieved 2011-03-30. 
  7. ^ Population Census Organization, Government of Pakistan
  8. ^ a b c Report of the land revenue settlement of the Hazara district of the Punjab By E. G. Wace. Central Jail Press. Retrieved 2007-11-03. In the nearby locality of Bareri, Hindus from the vicinity, to the number of about 400, used to assemble at the top of Bareri hill to worship Devi ( 
  9. ^ "Around Abbottabad by S.A.J. Shirazi". Travelers Digest. Retrieved 2007-11-03. Further north; go to the black mountain near Oghi or to see the Asokan inscriptions on boulders near base of Bareri Hill close to Mansehra. 

External links

  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Official Gateway to Government
  • Mansehra Valley
  • Hazara University
  • Tourism Corporation Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Government of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
  • Rural Community Council (RCC) Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
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