World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Malcesine

Article Id: WHEBN0006552295
Reproduction Date:

Title: Malcesine  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Brenzone, Nago–Torbole, Castelnuovo del Garda, Torri del Benaco, Lazise
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Malcesine

Malcesine
Comune
Comune di Malcesine
Coat of arms of Malcesine
Coat of arms
Malcesine is located in Italy
Malcesine
Malcesine
Location of Malcesine in Italy
Coordinates:
Country Italy
Region Veneto
Province Verona (VR)
Frazioni Campagnola, Cassone, Navene, Val di Sogno
Government
 • Mayor Valente Chincarini
Area
 • Total 68.2 km2 (26.3 sq mi)
Elevation 89 m (292 ft)
Population (1 June 2007)
 • Total 3,582
 • Density 53/km2 (140/sq mi)
Demonym Malcesinesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 37018, frazioni 37010
Dialing code 045
Website Official website

Malcesine is a comune (municipality) on the eastern shore of Lake Garda in the Province of Verona in the Italian region Veneto, located about 120 kilometres (75 miles) northwest of Venice and about 40 kilometres (25 miles) northwest of Verona.

Contents

  • Geography and divisions 1
  • History 2
  • Points of interest 3
    • Castello Scaligero 3.1
    • Palazzo dei Capitani 3.2
    • Monte Baldo 3.3
    • Other 3.4
  • Economy 4
    • Transport 4.1
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Geography and divisions

The comune of Malcesine consists of (from north to south) Navene, Campagnola, Malcesine proper, Val di Sogno and Cassone. It stretches along the Via Gardesana Orientale (Strada Statale 249) and is nestled between Lake Garda and the slopes of Monte Baldo. Malcesine is the northernmost comune on the Veneto shore of the lake, immediately to its north lies Trentino Alto Adige.

Two of the largest islands of Lake Garda are located in Malcesine: The Isola di sogno and the Isola dell'olivo (or Isola degli olivi).

History

The first recorded inhabitants of the area were Etruscans dating to around 500 BC. After 15 BC, with Tiberius' victory over the Rhaetians, the area came under the control of the Roman Empire. After the fall of Rome, the area was ruled in turn by Ostrogoths, Alemanni and then the Langobards.[1]

Between the 5th and 6th centuries the Langobards built a castle on the rock where the Castello Scaligero stands today. It was destroyed in 590 by the Franks. They subsequently rebuilt it and in 806 hosted King Pepin. After attacks by Hungarians the castle became part of the holdings of the Bishop of Verona. In 1277, the castle fell to Alberto della Scala and until 1387 remained in the possession of the della Scala family, whose name it still bears. Over the next centuries, castle and town were ruled in succession by the Visconti of Milan (until 1403) and the Republic of Venice (1405-1797). The control of Venice was only interrupted by a brief period (1506–16), when the area was under Imperial rule during the reign of Emperor Maximilian I.[1]

In 1797-98, the area was occupied by the forces of Napoleon Bonaparte after which the Veneto became part of the Austrian Empire.[1][2] In 1866, Malcesine became part of the Kingdom of Italy.[2]

Points of interest

Castello Scaligero

Malcesine's most prominent landmark is the Castello Scaligero, which has 13th-century fortifications and an older medieval tower in white natural stone. Remnants of an Etruscan tomb have been found within the castle walls. The castle was fortified by the della Scala family who ruled the region throughout the 13th century. Most of the structures visible today date to the period of the della Scala.[2] The bell of the castle was cast in 1442 and it is still in service.

In September 1786, Johann Wolfgang Goethe was questioned by the local magistrate on suspicion of being an Austrian spy after drawing sketches of the castle, and recalled the incident in his published travel report Italienische Reise (Italian Journey).[3] During the period of Austrian rule, which ended in 1866 after the Third Italian War of Independence, major renovation work took place inside the castle.[2] The Austrians turned it into a military garrison[1] and the munition store they constructed was later used by the Guardia di Finanza of the Kingdom of Italy as a prison.[4] Since 1902, the castle has been a national monument.[2]

Today, the castle contains a small museum on the natural history of Lake Garda (Museo del Garda) and Monte Baldo (Museo del Baldo). One room in the Austrian powder magazine is dedicated to Goethe and his visit.[5]

Palazzo dei Capitani

Located on the lake shore is the Palazzo dei Capitani. It was constructed by the Scala family between the 13th and 14th centuries on older Roman and Romanesque remains. After being reduced to a simple shell, possibly in an earthquake or by a fire, the building became the property of Francesco Mercanti, from Verona and he passed it on to his heirs. On 18 December 1473, it was sold to Alessandro Miniscalchi. By 1477, the building was already remodelled in the Venetian style. In 1618, Verona purchased the building on the behest of the Republic of Venice for use as the residence of the official called Capitano del Lago. Various further remodelling work followed.[6] The Capitano was the head of the Gardesana dell'Acqua, a regional autonomous territory under Venetian rule.[1]

On 20 March 1854, the comune of Verona effectively ceded the property to the comune of Malcesine and in 1897, Malcesine became the sole owner. It has been a national monument since 1902.[6] Today, it is used for exhibitions and events and also houses the public library.

Monte Baldo

Behind Malcesine rises the 2,218 m (7,277 ft) high Monte Baldo. A two-stage cable car ride—the second leg using one with rotating cabins—takes passengers to 1,750 m (5,741 ft) above sea level.[7] From there the highest point can be accessed by walking a few kilometres to the south along the ridge.

Garda Lake from Baldo Mountain at Comune of Malcesine

Other

Another notable structure is the Pieve di S. Stefano (or parish church of St. Stephen), first mentioned in the 9th century. Today's baroque church dates to the early 18th century and contains several works of art including the altars of SS. Benigno e Caro (Saints Benigno and Caro, 1769) and of the Beata Vergine delle sette allegrezze (Virgin of the Seven Joys, 1771), as well as a tabernacle and the painting Deposizione attributed to Girolamo dai Libri.[8][9]

Other churches include Santa Maria di Navene (today's structure dates to the 17th century).[10]

Economy

Transport

Whilst Malcesine is not connected to the railway, the town is served by buses.[11] Moreover, there is public transportation by boat, including express hydrofoils, on the lake for passengers as well as a car ferry.[12]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "History". Malcesine piu/Comune di Malcesine. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Castello Scaligero di Malcesine (Italian/German)". Comune di Malcesine. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Mentzel, Elisabeth (1908). "Auf Goethes Spuren in Malcesine (German/Italian)". Comune di Malcesine. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  4. ^ "Malcesine: Il castello e il Monte Baldo (Italian)". Comune di Malcesine. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  5. ^ "The castle of Malcesine". Comune di Malcesine. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Il Palazzo dei Capitani (Italian)". Malcesine piu/Comune di Malcesine. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Cableway Malcesine Monte Baldo". Funivia Malcesine Monte Baldo. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "Mostra (Italian)". Comune di Verona. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  9. ^ "L'antica Pieve di S. Stefano di Malcesine (Italian)". Comune di Malcesine. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  10. ^ "Chiesa di S. Maria di Navene (Italian)". Comune di Malcesine. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Means of transport (site uses frames)". Malcesine piu/Comune di Malcesine. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 
  12. ^ "Lake Garda public boat transportation". Gestione Governativa Navigazione Laghi. Retrieved 18 August 2013. 

External links

  • Town website
  • Tourism website
  • by J.W.Goethe, 13 September 1786 in Malcesine (German)Italienische ReiseFrom

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.