World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Louis de La Trémoille

Article Id: WHEBN0002680080
Reproduction Date:

Title: Louis de La Trémoille  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Thouars
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Louis de La Trémoille


Louis II de la Trémoille (or La Trimouille) (29 September 1460 – 24 February 1525) was a French general. He served under three kings: Charles VIII, Louis XII, and Francis I. He was killed in combat at the Battle of Pavia.

Titles

During the course of his career, he earned the titles Vicomte de Thouars, Prince de Talmond, Comte de Guînes et de Bénon, Baron de Sully, de Craon, de Montagu, de Mauléon et de l'Ile-Bouchard, Seigneur des Iles de Ré, de Rochefort et de Marans, and Premier Chambellan du Roi.

Military career

He was born in Thouars to a prominent noble family of Poitou.

He commanded an army that attempted to secure Brittany for the French crown after internal revolts had weakened Francis II, Duke of Brittany during the so-called "Mad War" (La Guerre Folle). His decisive victory at the Battle of Saint-Aubin-du-Cormier on 27 July 1488 ended effective Breton independence.

He took part in several battles in the Italian Wars, notably the inconclusive Battle of Fornovo (1495) and the victorious Battle of Agnadello (1509). He suffered a severe defeat at the Battle of Novara, in which his 10,000-strong army was ambushed by 13,000 Swiss mercenaries.

He later went on to secure a French victory at the Battle of Marignano (1515), but he perished at the Battle of Pavia on 24 February 1525, where he died of a wound inflicted by an arquebus. His death occurred during the climax of the battle when the French were surprised by 1500 Spanish arquebusiers. La Trémoille and other high-ranking Frenchmen fought their way towards their king, Francis I, in order to protect him. La Trémoille fell from his horse, shot through the heart.


Marriage

On 28 July 1484, he married Gabrielle de Bourbon, daughter of Louis I, Count of Montpensier, by whom he was the father of

On 7 April 1517, Louis II de la Trémoille married 16 year-old Louise Borgia, Duchess of Valentinois, the only legitimate child of Cesare Borgia, Duke of Valentinois by his French wife Charlotte of Albret. The marriage was childless. Five years after La Trémoille's death she married Philippe de Bourbon, Seigneur de Bourbon-Busset, by whom she had issue.

Memory

Rue de La Trémoille, in the VIIIe arrondissement of Paris, is named after him.

See also

External links

  • (French) Laurent Vissiere, "Louis II de la Trémoille ou la découverte de l'Italie (1480-1525)"
  • (French) Heraldique Europeene

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.