List of metropolitan areas in Europe by population

This is a list of metropolitan areas. For a list of urban areas, see Largest urban areas of the European Union. For a list of cities proper, see Largest cities of the European Union by population within city limits. For a list of European cities by country, see List of cities in Europe.
Satellite picture of Europe by night. Light from the major metropolitan areas and cities is clearly visible.

This is a list of metropolitan areas in Europe, with their population according to five different sources. The list includes metropolitan areas that have a population of over 1 million.

List includes metropolitan areas according only studies of ESPON, Eurostat, United Nations, OECD and "CityPopulation Studies". For this reason some metropolitan areas, like Italian Genoa Metropolitan Area (population is over 1.510.000 as of 2012 according "CityRailway" Official Report), aren't included in this list, with data by other statistic survey institutes.

Figures in the first column come from the ESPON project, "Study on Urban Functions", which defines cities according to the concept of a functional urban area (core urban area defined morphologically on the basis of population density, plus the surrounding labour pool defined on the basis of commuting). Figures in the second column come from Eurostat's Urban Audit and correspond to Larger Urban Zones (LUZ). Figures in the third column come from the UN's World Urbanization Prospects and correspond to urban areas. Figures in the fourth column come from the OECD Territorial Reviews and correspond to "metropolitan regions". Figures in the last column come from the citypopulation.de website and correspond to urban agglomerations. Further information on how the areas are defined can be found in the source documents. These figures should be seen as an interpretation, not as conclusive fact.

Metropolitan areas

  Within the European Union
Metropolitan area name Country ESPON 1.4.3[1] Metropolitan regions[2] UN WUP[3] OECD[4] Citypopulation.de[5]
Amsterdam metropolitan area Netherlands 2,497,000[6] 3,709,474 1,049,000 7,500,000[6] 1,970,000
Antwerp Belgium 1,406,000[7] 998,211 965,000 No Data 1,017,197
Athens Greece 3,761,000 4,119,793 3,257,000 3,900,000 3,775,000
Barcelona metropolitan area Spain 4,082,000[8] 5,375,774 5,083,000 4,900,000 4,500,000
Belgrade Serbia No data No data 1,617,000 No data 1,750,000
Berlin Germany 4,016,000 5,055,116 3,450,000 6,000,000 4,325,000
Bremen Germany 1,077,000 1,244,363 Not listed No data Not listed
Greater Bristol United Kingdom 1,041,000 1,090,080 Not listed No data Not listed
Brussels-Capital Region Belgium 2,639,000[7] 3,570,409 1,904,000 3,800,000 1,910,000
Bucharest metropolitan area Romania 2,064,000 2,267,419 1,934,000 No data 2,075,000
Budapest metropolitan area Hungary 2,523,000 2,971,246 1,706,000 2,800,000 2,525,000
Cardiff and South Wales valleys United Kingdom 1,097,000 1,085,526 Not listed No data Not listed
Copenhagen metropolitan area Denmark 1,881,000[9] 1,893,010 1,186,000 2,400,000 1,420,000
Donetsk Ukraine No data No data 966,000 No data 1,450,000
Dnipropetrovsk Ukraine No data No data 1,004,000 No data 1,360,000
Dublin Metropolitan Area Ireland 1,477,000 1,742,600 1,274,000 1,800,000 1,100,000
Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Region Germany 2,764,000[10] 3,687,166 Not listed 5,600,000 1,940,000
Greater Glasgow United Kingdom 1,395,000 1,789,003 1,170,000 No data 1,430,000
The Hague Netherlands 1,404,000[6] Part of Amsterdam Not listed 7,500,000[6] 2,900,000[11]
Hamburg Metropolitan Region Germany 2,983,000 3,209,759 1,786,000 4,600,000 2,625,000
Helsinki Metropolitan Area Finland 1,285,000 1,532,309 1,115,000 1,800,000 1,120,000
Istanbul Turkey No data 13,854,740 (2012) 10,525,000 11,400,000 13,600,000
Katowice metropolitan area Poland 3,029,000[12] 3,450,141 (2011) Not listed No data 2,450,000
Kazan Russia No data No data 1,140,000 No data 1,140,000
Kharkiv Ukraine No data No data 1,453,000 No data 1,590,000
Kiev metropolitan area Ukraine No data No data 2,805,000 No data 3,225,000
Kraków metropolitan area Poland 1,236,000 1,276,438 756,000 2,100,000 Not listed
West Yorkshire (Bradford & Leeds) United Kingdom 2,302,000 2,238,127 1,547,000 2,100,000 2,250,000
Lille–Kortrijk–Tournai France/
Belgium
1,379,000[13] 2,572,374 1,033,000 2,600,000 1,240,000[14]
Lisbon Metropolitan Area Portugal 2,591,000 2,839,908 2,824,000 2,700,000 2,575,000
Liverpool United Kingdom 2,241,000 1,352,000 819,000 No data 1,350,000
Łódź Poland 1,165,000 1,116,660 Not listed No data Not listed
London metropolitan area United Kingdom 13,709,000 15,010,295 8,631,000 7,400,000 12,500,000
Lyon France 1,669,000 1,721,999 1,468,000 1,600,000 1,470,000
Madrid metropolitan area Spain 5,263,000 6,369,162 5,851,000 5,600,000 5,400,000
Greater Manchester United Kingdom 2,556,000 2,615,144 2,253,000 2,500,000 2,625,000
Marseille France 1,530,000 1,469,000 No data 1,470,000
Milan metropolitan area Italy 4,136,000[15] 8,071,274 3,115,392 7,400,000 4,575,000
Minsk Belarus No data No data 1,852,000 No data 1,860,000
Moscow metropolitan area Russia No data No data 10,550,000 No data 14,800,000
Munich Germany 2,665,000[16] 2,808,581 1,349,000 6,100,000 2,025,000
Naples metropolitan area Italy 2,905,000[17] 3,080,873 2,276,000 3,100,000 4,150,000
Nice France 1,082,000 941,000 No data No data
Nizhniy Novgorod Russia No data No data 1,267,000 No data 1,760,000
Nottingham-Derby United Kingdom 1,534,000 1,129,096 Not listed No data Not listed
Nuremberg Metropolitan Region Germany 1,443,000 1,301,504 Not listed No data 1,060,000
Odessa Ukraine No data No data 1,009,000 No data 1,070,000
Greater Oslo Norway 1,037,000 1,144,883 888,000 1,700,000 Not listed
Paris metropolitan area France 11,175,000 11,797,021 (2011) 10,485,000 11,200,000 10,500,000
Perm Russia No data No data 982,000 No data 1,040,000
Greater Metropolitan Area of Porto Portugal 1,245,000[18] 1,286,111 1,355,000 No data 1,240,000
Portsmouth-Southampton United Kingdom 1,547,000 1,498,402[19] Not listed No data Not listed
Prague Czech Republic 1,669,000 2,522,136 1,162,000 2,300,000 1,390,000
Rhein-Nord[20] (Düsseldorf-Neuss) Germany 3,073,000[21] 7,790,763[22] Not listed 13,400,000[21] 1,220,000[22]
Rhein-Süd[20] (Cologne/Bonn Region) Germany 3,070,000[21] 3,023,545[23] 1,001,000[23] 13,400,000[21] 1,900,000[23]
Riga Latvia 1,195,000 1,089,767 Not listed No data Not listed
Rome metropolitan area Italy 3,190,000 4,194,068 3,362,000 3,700,000 3,300,000
Rostov-on-Don Russia No data No data 1,046,000 No data 1,190,000
Rotterdam Netherlands 1,904,000[6] 2,808,550 1,010,000 7,500,000[6] 2,900,000[24]
Ruhr area[20] (EssenBochumDortmund) Germany 5,376,000[21] 7,790,763 Not listed 13,400,000[21] 4,650,000[25]
Saarbrücken - Forbach Germany/
France
1,102,000 822,128 Not listed No data Not listed
Saint Petersburg Russia No data No data 4,575,000 No data 4,775,000
Samara Russia No data No data 1,131,000 No data 1,270,000
Saratov Russia No data No data 822,000 No data 1,070,000
Seville Spain 1,180,000[26] 1,877,060 Not listed No data 1,340,000
Sofia Bulgaria 1,174,000 1,259,446 1,196,000 No data 1,260,000
Metropolitan Stockholm Sweden 2,171,000 2,034,354 1,285,000 2,200,000 2,075,000
South Yorkshire (Sheffield) United Kingdom 1,569,000 1,596,298 Not listed No data 1,330,000
Stuttgart Metropolitan Region Germany 2,289,000 2,678,795 Not listed 2,700,000 1,980,000
Thessaloniki Metropolitan Area Greece 1,052,000 1,166,914 837,000 No data Not listed
Turin metropolitan area Italy 1,601,000[27] 2,302,353 1,665,000 2,200,000 1,690,000
Newcastle-Sunderland United Kingdom 1,599,000 1,141,879 891,000 No data 1,110,000
Ufa Russia No data No data 1,023,000 No data 1,040,000
Valencia Spain 1,398,000 [28] 2,516,818 814,000 2,300,000 1,780,000
Vienna Austria 2,584,000 2,339,807 1,706,000 2,200,000 2,025,000
Volgograd Russia No data No data 977,000 No data 1,360,000
Warsaw metropolitan area Poland 2,785,000 3,253,214 1,712,000 3,000,000 2,225,000
West Midlands (Birmingham) United Kingdom 3,683,000 2,332,629 2,302,000 2,600,000 2,650,000
Zagreb Croatia 1,107,115 Not listed No data Not listed
Zürich metropolitan area Switzerland 1,615,000 1,984,534 1,150,000 2,500,000 1,180,000

Polycentric metropolitan areas

(Only European Union without Commonwealth of Independent States and Turkey)
Rank Area State Population[29]
1 London United Kingdom 13,709,000
2 Rhine-Ruhr Germany 12,190,000
3 Paris France 11,175,000
4 Randstad Netherlands 6,787,000
5 Madrid Spain 6,263,000
6 Milan Italy 6,011,000
7 Katowice (Upper Silesian metropolitan area) Czech Republic 5,294,000
8 Flemish Diamond Belgium 5,103,000
9 Barcelona Spain 4,251,000
10 Frankfurt Rhine-Main Germany 4,149,000

See also

Regional and country-specific lists

Notes and references

  1. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network, Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3), Final Report, Chapter 3, (ESPON, 2007)
  2. ^ Eurostat,http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do
  3. ^ United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects (2009 revision), (United Nations, 2010), Table A.12. Data for 2007.
  4. ^ Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Competitive Cities in the Global Economy, OECD Territorial Reviews, (OECD Publishing, 2006), Table 1.1
  5. ^ Thomas Brinkoff, Principal Agglomerations of the World, accessed on 2009-03-12. Data for 2011-04-01.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Part of the Randstad polycentric urban region consisting of the metropolitan areas of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, and Utrecht (982,000). The total population of the region is 7,100,000.
  7. ^ a b The Flemish Diamond metropolitan region, which consists of the metropolitan areas of Brussels, Antwerp, Gent, and Leuven, has a total population of 5,103,000.
  8. ^ Total population is 4,251,000 if the metropolitan area of Mataro (169,000) is included.
  9. ^ Part of the wider Öresund region, which includes the Swedish metropolitan area of Malmö (961,000). The total regional population is 2,842,000.
  10. ^ Part of the Rhein-Main metropolitan region with a total population of 4,149,000, which additionally includes the metropolitan areas of Darmstadt (501,000), Wiesbaden (453,000), and Mainz (431,000).
  11. ^ Includes Rotterdam
  12. ^ Part of the polycentric Upper Silesian urban region with a total population of 5,294,000. The region additionally includes the metropolitan areas of Ostrava (1,046,000), Bielsko-Biala (584,000) and Rybnik (526,000).
  13. ^ Part of the wider Lille-Bassin Minier region with a total population of 3,115,000.
  14. ^ Includes Kortrijk
  15. ^ Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 6,011,000.
  16. ^ When combined with the Augsburg metropolitan area (606,000), the region has a total population of 3,271,000.
  17. ^ Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 3,714,000/
  18. ^ Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 1,778,000.
  19. ^ Excludes Southampton
  20. ^ a b c Polycentric metropolitan area
  21. ^ a b c d e f Part of the polycentric urban region of Rhein-Ruhr, which has a total population of 12,190,000.
  22. ^ a b Excludes Duisburg, Krefeld, Mönchen-Gladbach
  23. ^ a b c Excludes Bonn
  24. ^ Includes The Hague
  25. ^ Includes Duisburg
  26. ^ Total population is 1,262,000 if the metropolitan area of Utrera (82,000) is included.
  27. ^ Total population is 1,716,000 if the metropolitan of Pinerolo is included.
  28. ^ Total population is 1,499,000 if the metropolitan area of Sagunto is included.
  29. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network, Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3), Final Report, Chapter 3, (ESPON, 2007) page 241-243

External links

  • Geopolis: research group,university of Paris-Diderot, France - Population of urban areas of 10,000 or more
  • Largest Cities (25,000+) of Europe by number of headquarters
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