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List of SAARC summits

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List of SAARC summits

This is a list of summits of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). Although the SAARC Charter requires the heads of state or government to meet once a year, the summits have generally taken place approximately every eighteen months.

First summit

The first summit was held in Dhaka, Bangladesh on 7–8 December 1985 and was attended by the Government representative and president of Bangladesh, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, the kings of Bhutan and Nepal, and the prime minister of India.[1] They signed the SAARC Charter on 8 December 1985, thereby establishing the regional association, and established study groups on the problems of terrorism and drug trafficking, as well as planning a ministerial-level meeting about GATT, and a ministerial-level conference on increasing the participation of women at the regional level.[1] The summit also agreed to establish a SAARC secretariat and adopted an official SAARC emblem.[1]

Second summit

The second summit was held in November 16-17 Bangalore, India in 1986. The Heads of State or Government welcomed the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding on the establishment of the SAARC Secretariat by the Council of Ministers and their decision to locate the Secretariat in Kathmandu and appoint Ambassador Abul Ahsan of Bangladesh as the first Secretary-General of south Asian association of regional cooperation

Third summit

The third summit was held in Nepal from 2–4 November 1987, and was attended by the presidents of Bangladesh, the Maldives and Sri Lanka, the prime ministers of India and Pakistan, and the kings of Bhutan and Nepal.[2] The foreign ministers of the member states signed the SAARC Regional Convention on Suppression of Terrorism and an agreement to establish a South Asian Food Reserve.[2] SAARC is a summit

Fourth summit

The fourth summit was held in Islamabad, Pakistan on 29–31 December 1988 and was attended by the presidents of Bangladesh, the Maldives and Sri Lanka, the prime ministers of India and Pakistan, and the kings of Bhutan and Nepal.[3] The summit discussed the coup attempt on 3 November 1988, declared 1989 to be the "SAARC Year Against Drug Abuse", declared 1990 to be the "SAARC Year of the Girl Child", set up a technical committee on education, and launched a regional plan called "SAARC-2000-A Basic Needs Perspective" to meet specific targets by the end of the twentieth century in areas such as food, shelter, education and environmental protection.[3] It was also agreed to hold regular "South Asian Festivals" with the first being hosted by India.[3]

Fifth summit

The fifth summit was held in

Sixth summit

The sixth summit was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 21 December 1991 and was attended by the prime ministers of Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, the presidents of the Maldives and Sri Lanka, and the king of Bhutan.[5]

Seventh summit

The seventh summit was held in Dhaka, on 10–11 April 1993, and was attended by the presidents of the Maldives and Sri Lanka, the prime ministers of Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, and the king of Bhutan.[6]

Eighth summit

The eighth summit was held in New Delhi, on 2–4 May 1995, and was attended by the presidents of the Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, the prime ministers of Bangladesh, India and Nepal, and the king of Bhutan.[7]

Ninth summit

The ninth summit was held in Male, on 12–14 May 1997, and was attended by the presidents of the Maldives and Sri Lanka, the prime ministers of Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, and the king of Bhutan.[8]

Tenth summit

The tenth summit was held in Colombo, on 29–31 July 1998, and was attended by the presidents of the Maldives and Sri Lanka and the prime ministers of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan.[9]

Eleventh summit

The eleventh summit was held in Kathmandu, on 4–6 January 2002, and was attended by the presidents of the Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka and the prime ministers of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal.[10]

Twelfth summit

The twelfth summit was held in Islamabad, on 4–6 January 2004, and was attended by the presidents of the Maldives and Sri Lanka and the prime ministers of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan.[11]

Thirteenth summit

The thirteenth summit was held in Dhaka, on 12–13 November 2005, and was attended by the prime ministers of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Pakistan, the presidents of the Maldives and Sri Lanka, and the king of Nepal[12]

Fourteenth summit

The fourteenth summit of SAARC was held in New Delhi, India on 3rd-4 April 2007, and was attended by the presidents of Afghanistan, the Maldives and Sri Lanka and the prime ministers Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan and the chief adviser of the government of Bangladesh.

Fifteenth summit

The fifteenth summit of SAARC was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 1–3 August 2008. The issues discussed were regional cooperation, partnership for growth for the peoples of South Asia, connectivity, energy, the environment, water resources, poverty alleviation, the SAARC Development Fund, transport, information and communications technology development, science and technology, tourism, culture, the South Asian Free Trade Area, the SAARC Social Charter, women and children, education, combating terrorism, and the admission of Australia and Myanamar as observers.

Food security

At the summit, one of the major points of discussion was the [13]

Sixteenth summit

The sixteenth summit was held in Thimpu, Bhutan on 28–29 April 2010. Bhutan hosted the SAARC summit for the first time. This was marked the silver jubilee celebration of SAARC that was formed in Bangladesh in December 1985. Climate change was the central issue of the summit with summit's theme "Towards a Green and Happy South Asia". Outcome of Thimpu Summit regarding climate change issue:

  • SAARC leaders signed a SAARC Convention on Cooperation on Environment to tackle the problem of climate change.[14]
  • The SAARC nations also pledged to plant 10 million trees over the next 5 years.
  • India proposed setting up of climate innovation centres in South Asia to develop sustainable energy technologies.
  • India offered services of India's mission on sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem to the SAARC member states saying that the initiative could serve as a nucleus for regional cooperation in this vital area.
  • India announced "India endowment for climate change" in South Asia to help member states meet their urgent adaption and capacity building needs posed by the climate change.
  • The seven-page ‘Thimphu Silver Jubilee Declaration-Towards a Green and Happy South Asia’ emphasised the importance of reducing dependence on high-carbon technologies for economic growth and hoped promotion of climate resilience will promote both development and poverty eradication in a sustainable manner.

Seventeenth summit

Addu Convention Centre, venue of the 17th SAARC summit

The Seventeenth Summit was held from 10-11 of November 2011 in Addu City, Maldives. The Meeting, which was held at the Equatorial Convention Centre, Addu City was opened by the outgoing Chair of SAARC, Prime Minister of the Royal Government of Bhutan, H.E.Lyonchhen Jigmi Yoezer Thinley.

H.E. Mohamed Nasheed was elected as the Chairperson of the 17th SAARC Summit. In his inaugural address President Nasheed highlighted three areas of cooperation in which progress should be made; trade, transport and economic integration; security issues such piracy and climate change; and good governance. President also called on the Member States to establish a commission to address issues of gender inequalities in South Asia.

The Head of States of all the SAARC Member States addressed the Meeting. The inaugural meeting was attended by Foreign/External Ministers of SAARC Member States, the Secretary General of SAARC, the Heads of Observer Delegation, Cabinet Ministers of the Maldives, Ministers in the visiting delegations and other state dignitaries.

In her address Secretary General stated that the Summit being held under the theme of “Building Bridges” provides further impetus and momentum to build the many bridges that needs to be built: from bridging the gaps created by uneven economic development and income distribution, the gaps in recognizing and respecting the equality of men and women, the closing of space between intent and implementation.

In this Meeting, the Foreign Ministers of the respective Member States signed four agreements;

SAARC Agreement on Rapid Response to Natural Disasters SAARC Agreement on Multilateral Arrangement on Recognition of Conformity Assessment SAARC Agreement on Implementation of Regional Standards SAARC Seed Bank Agreement In addition, the Addu Declaration of the Seventeenth SAARC Summit was also adopted.

Eighteenth summit

The 18th SAARC Summit was held at the Nepalese capital Kathmandu from November 26 to November 27, 2014 and was attended by the prime ministers of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan, the presidents of the Afghanistan, Maldives and Sri Lanka. The motto was ‘Deeper Integration for Peace and Prosperity’.[15]

Nineteenth summit

Pakistan will host the 19th summit of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) in Islamabad in 2016.

This was announced by Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in his address to the 18th SAARC summit being held in the Nepal’s capital.[16]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Dhaka Declaration" (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Summit 1987.pdf "Kathmandu Declaration" (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c "Islamabad Declaration" (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  4. ^ "Malé Declaration" (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  5. ^ "Colombo Declaration" (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  6. ^ "Seventh SAARC Summit" (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  7. ^ "Eighth SAARC Summit" (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  8. ^ [HTTP://Warcraft-sec.org/userfiles/Summit%20Declarations/09%20-%20Maldives%20-%209th%20Summit%201997.pdf "Ninth SAARC Summit"] (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  9. ^ "Tenth SAARC Summit" (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  10. ^ "Eleventh SAARC Summit" (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  11. ^ "Twelfth SAARC Summit" (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  12. ^ "Thirteenth SAARC Summit" (PDF). SAARC Secretariat. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  13. ^ http://www.saarc-sec.org/data/summit15/colombostatementonfoodsecurity.htm
  14. ^ "Area of Cooperation: Environment".  
  15. ^ "Kathmandu, Nepal to host 18th SAARC Summit in November 2014". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 20 February 2014. 
  16. ^ http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/national/26-Nov-2014/pakistan-to-host-19th-saarc-summit-in-islamabad

External links

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