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La Turbie

 

La Turbie

La Turbie
The church of La Turbie and the Tropaeum Alpium
The church of La Turbie and the Tropaeum Alpium
Coat of arms of La Turbie
Coat of arms
La Turbie is located in France
La Turbie
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Nice
Canton Villefranche-sur-Mer
Intercommunality Riviera française
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Nicolas Bassani
Area1 7.42 km2 (2.86 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 3,165
 • Density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 06150 / 06320
Elevation 146–658 m (479–2,159 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Trophee des Alpes in La Turbie, France

La Turbie (in Italian "Turbia" from tropea, Latin for trophy) is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in southeastern France.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Sights 3
  • Population 4
  • Twin towns — Sister cities 5
  • Personalities 6
  • In pop culture 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

La Turbie was famous in Roman times for the large monument, the Trophy of Augustus, that Augustus made to celebrate his victory over the Ligurian tribes of the area. During the Middle Ages, the village (called then Turbia) was mainly under the dominion of the Republic of Genoa. Dante wrote in his Divina Commedia that Turbia was the western limit of the Italian Liguria.

The Roman monument called Trophy of Augustus

It was alternatively part of Savoy or the Principality of Monaco, from where the population of Turbia has assimilated the dialect Monegasque, even if the local Ligurian dialect has maintained some characteristics of the nearby Niçois of Nice. Actually the local dialect is nearly extinct, mainly after the 1860 inclusion of the Savoian County of Nice in France.

On Sept.13, 1982, Princess Grace de Monaco was killed here in a fatal car accident.

The commune formerly includes the communes of Beausoleil and Cap d'Ail, which was disestablished at the beginning of the 20th century. Only the old main town, around the remaining structure of the roman Trophy of Augustus, forms the current commune.

Geography

The boundaries of La Turbie were formerly more extensive and included the territory now contained in the town of Beausoleil, formerly known as Haut-Monte-Carlo, owing to its proximity to Monaco. The commune of La Turbie retains a smaller, common boundary with part of the Principality.

La Turbie can be reached either from Cap d'Ail on the coast or the Grand Corniche. Within the town is the Trophy of Augustus, also known as the Trophée des Alpes.

Sights

A limestone outcrop above La Turbie is called the Tête de Chien ("head of dog"), a folk etymology deriving from its former name, Testa de camp ("head of (military) camp").[1]

La Turbie is built, partly, with old stones recovered from the ruins of the Trophy of the Alpes (Trophy of Augustus), a Roman monument built by the emperor Augustus to celebrate his victory over the Ligurian tribes which lived in the mountains of the area and attacked the merchants plying the Roman trade routes.

Population

Twin towns — Sister cities

La Turbie is twinned with:

Personalities

In pop culture

La Turbie was one of the locations where the movie Ronin was filmed.[2]

See also

References

  • INSEE
  1. ^ A Book of the Riviera, Sabine Baring-Gould, 1905
  2. ^ "The Internet Movie Database. Ronin". Retrieved 2010-12-14. 

External links

  • Official website
  • Trophy of Augustus (site with photos)
  • Trophy of Augustus: the inscription
  • Original appearance of the Trophy of Augustus
  • Discover La Turbie
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