World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Krashovani

Article Id: WHEBN0001078821
Reproduction Date:

Title: Krashovani  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: South Slavs, Croats of Romania, Croats, Torlakian dialect, Banat
Collection: Banat, Caraș-Severin County, Croatian Diaspora, Ethnic Groups in Romania, Slavic Ethnic Groups, South Slavs
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Krashovani

Krashovani
Total population
5,000 approx. (most declare themselves as Croats, with some as Krashovani)
Regions with significant populations
 Romania (Caraş-Severin County)
Languages
Serbo-Croatian, Romanian
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic
Related ethnic groups
Serbs of Romania
Krashovani-inhabited areas within the Caraş-Severin County (light green).

The Krashovani (Romanian: Carașoveni, Croatian: Krašovani) are a South Slavic community inhabiting Carașova and Lupac in the Caraș-Severin County within Romanian Banat. They are regarded as and predominantly self-identify as Croats. They are Roman Catholic by faith, and speak the Torlakian dialect.

Contents

  • Names 1
  • Settlements 2
  • Identity 3
  • History 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Names

In Romanian, they are commonly known as "Carașoveni"; other variants include Carașoveni, Cârșoveni, Cotcoreți or Cocoși. In Serbo-Croatian, they are commonly known as "Krašovani"; other variants include Karašovani, Krašovanje, Karaševci and Koroševci.

Settlements

Krashovani, declared as Croats, form a majority in two communes of Caraș-Severin County: Carașova and Lupac.

  • Carașova commune
    • Carașova (Krašovo)
    • Nermed (Nermet)
    • Iabalcea (Jablča)
  • Lupac commune
    • Clocotici (Klokotić)
    • Rafnic (Ravnik)
    • Vodnic (Vodnik)
    • Lupac (Lupak)

Identity

The Krashovani are Serbo-Croatian speakers adhering to the Catholic Church.[1] Their dialect is regarded a sub-dialect of the Torlak dialect,[2] a transitional dialect spoken in southeastern Serbia, westernmost Bulgaria and northeastern Macedonia.

According to the 2002 census in Romania, the population of the Carașova commune comprised 84.60% Croats, 4.96% others, 4.47% Roma, 4.41% Romanians and others.[3] 93.12% of the population in that commune declared their mother tongue as Croatian.[3] Only 207 persons declared Krashovani ethnicity in the 2002 census.[4]

History

Their ancestors first settled Carașova in the 13th and 14th centuries from northwestern Bosnia.[5] They formed a community in the northern plateau of the Caraș river, in seven villages, the oldest, Carașova, being mentioned in the 13th and 14th centuries while the rest are first mentioned in the 17th century.[5]

Serbian ethnographer Jovan Cvijić concluded that the community was "very old settlers with origin in Crna Reka who were Catholicised"; Stanko Žuljić claims that their origin is in Turopolje, in Croatia.[6]

The Carașoveni were considered Bulgarians by some Bulgarian scientists in the first half of the 20th century (such as G. Cibrus, M. Mladenov, K. Telbizov, and T. Balkanski), partially based on their view that Torlakian-speakers are ethnically Bulgarians.

According to the Austrian population census there were over 10,000 Carașoveni in Banat. In the 1847 census over 10,000 people declared as Carașoveni. In 1896 the Austro-Hungarian census around 7,500 Carașoveni were listed. The same was stated by the authorities of the Kingdom of Romania in 1940. Their number dropped to 2,775 in 1992.[7]

Ever since the Romanian Revolution, the government of Romania has awarded special minority status and privileges to its ethnic Serb citizens. The Democratic Union of Serbs and Krashovani of Romania (Uniunea Democratică a Sârbilor si Carașovenilor din România) was founded in 1992.

See also

References

  1. ^ Гласник Етнографског института. 42-43. Научно дело. 1993. p. 11. 
  2. ^ Dalibor Brozović (1999). Hrvatska enciklopedija: O-Pre. Leksikografski zavod "Miroslav Krleža". p. 675.  
  3. ^ a b "Structura etno-demografică pe arii geografice: Carașova". Ethnocultural Diversity Resource Center. 
  4. ^ (Romanian) Recensământ 2002. Rezultate: Populaţia după etnie la recensământul din 2002; retrieved November 10, 2007
  5. ^ a b Marius Rotar; Adriana Teodorescu; Corina Rotar (17 March 2014). Dying and Death in 18th-21st Century Europe: Volume 2. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 19–.  
  6. ^ Stanko Žuljić (1997). Srpski etnos i velikosrpstvo. AGM. pp. 110, 274. 
  7. ^ Spațiul istoric și etnic românesc, Vol.I, Editura Militară, Bucharest, 1992

8. BIRTA, Ivan - KARASEVCI, (Narodne umotvorine sa etnoloskim osvrtom), Bukurest, 1993 (549. p.)

External links

  • FC Prolaz Karaševo
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.