World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Karabük

Article Id: WHEBN0000632703
Reproduction Date:

Title: Karabük  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Karabük University, İbrahim Kaş, Filyos River, Karabük, Kardemir
Collection: Cities in Turkey, Districts of Karabük Province, Karabük, Populated Places in Karabük Province
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Karabük

Karabük
Municipality
Karabük is located in Turkey
Karabük
Coordinates:
Country Turkey
Province Karabük
Government
 • Mayor Rafet Vergili (MHP)
Area[1]
 • District 759.63 km2 (293.29 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 110,537
 • District 123,616
 • District density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Climate Cfa
Website .tr.bel.karabukwww

Karabük is a town and the capital district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2009 census, population of the city is 108 167.[3][4] The district covers an area of 760 km2 (293 sq mi),[5] and the town lies at an elevation of 354 m (1,161 ft).

Karabük was built in the 1930s as the seat of the iron and steel industry of Turkey. Karabük lies in a location near Filyos River formed by the merge of Araç and Soğanlı rivers.

Contents

  • Name 1
  • History 2
  • Climate 3
  • Economy 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Name

There are no known records of the origin of its name; in Turkish kara means "black" or "land" and bük means "bush" or "blackberry bush" ("bramble"). So Karabük means "blackbush".

History

Karabük is situated on an important trade route between Amasra on the coast and central Anatolia. The history of the city goes back to the early years of the Turkish Republic, when it was a small sub-village formed by 13 houses in the Öğlebeli village of Safranbolu. There was also a small train station on the AnkaraZonguldak route. The town started to develop with the industrialization of the country. One of the first steel factories of the Republic was built here in 1939, after which it grew rapidly and incorporated Öğlebeli village as a quarter. Karabük became a municipality and then a township in the Safranbolu district in 1941. It became a district center in 1953 and a provincial center in 1995.

Hadrianapolis (now Eskipazar) is an ancient city from the Roman Empire of the 4th century, located about 3 km from Karabük. There are many fountains, churches, and Roman baths. Although most of it is recently excavated, illegal excavations which have been going on for many years have damaged Eskipazar's chances of becoming a major tourist attraction.[6]

Climate

Karabük has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa) with hot and humid summers and cool and wet winters.

Climate data for Karabük
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
24.8
(76.6)
32.5
(90.5)
34.9
(94.8)
37.0
(98.6)
40.5
(104.9)
43.6
(110.5)
44.1
(111.4)
40.8
(105.4)
37.2
(99)
25.8
(78.4)
23.7
(74.7)
44.1
(111.4)
Average high °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
10.1
(50.2)
15.3
(59.5)
20.2
(68.4)
25.3
(77.5)
29.0
(84.2)
32.1
(89.8)
32.7
(90.9)
28.0
(82.4)
21.5
(70.7)
14.2
(57.6)
8.6
(47.5)
20.33
(68.61)
Average low °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
0.3
(32.5)
2.8
(37)
6.6
(43.9)
10.1
(50.2)
13.7
(56.7)
16.2
(61.2)
16.2
(61.2)
12.7
(54.9)
8.8
(47.8)
3.5
(38.3)
0.7
(33.3)
7.57
(45.63)
Record low °C (°F) −13.9
(7)
−13.4
(7.9)
−9.2
(15.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
0.1
(32.2)
4.6
(40.3)
8.9
(48)
9.1
(48.4)
4.5
(40.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
−5.1
(22.8)
−12.0
(10.4)
−13.9
(7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 53.9
(2.122)
34.3
(1.35)
44.6
(1.756)
47.1
(1.854)
46.6
(1.835)
52.3
(2.059)
32.5
(1.28)
24.7
(0.972)
31.0
(1.22)
38.8
(1.528)
32.1
(1.264)
45.5
(1.791)
483.4
(19.031)
Average rainy days 12.9 11.9 12.2 12.5 11.7 10.2 6.1 5.3 7.0 9.0 9.9 12.0 120.7
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [7]

Economy

Karabük has its own resources of dolomite and limestone, while coal and manganese is brought from Zonguldak and iron ore from Divriği. This allows a varied, yet basic industry in Karabük, including a coking plant, blast furnaces, a foundry and tube works. There are also chemical plants that produce sulfuric acid and phosphates. Nearby are the Zonguldak coal fields.

One of the major steel producers in Turkey, namely Kardemir (Karabük Iron and Steel Works), is located in Karabük.

Notes

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units". Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  5. ^ Statoids. "Statistical information on districts of Turkey". Retrieved 2008-11-20. 
  6. ^ Ramazan Uyumaz. "The Antique City of Hadrianapolis (Turkish)". Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  7. ^ http://www.dmi.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=KARABUK

References

  • Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. "Geographical information on Karabük, Turkey". Retrieved 2008-11-19. 

External links

  • District governor's official web site (Turkish)
  • Karabük Haber Sitesi (Turkish)
  • Karabük Internet Magazine (Turkish)
  • Kardemir official web site (English)
  • University Of Karabük (Turkish)
  • Karabük Municipality (Turkish)
  • University Of Karabük (Turkish)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.