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Juan R. Torruella

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Title: Juan R. Torruella  
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Subject: Michael Boudin, Stephen Breyer, Gill v. Office of Personnel Management, Massachusetts v. United States Department of Health and Human Services, United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
Collection: 1933 Births, Boston University School of Law Alumni, Hispanic and Latino American Judges, Judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, Judges of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico, Living People, Olympic Sailors of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rican Judges, Puerto Rican Lawyers, Puerto Rican Sailors, Puerto Rican Sailors (Sport), Sailors at the 1964 Summer Olympics - Finn, Sailors at the 1968 Summer Olympics – Flying Dutchman, Sailors at the 1972 Summer Olympics – Flying Dutchman, Sailors at the 1976 Summer Olympics – Soling, United States Court of Appeals Judges Appointed by Ronald Reagan, United States District Court Judges Appointed by Gerald Ford
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Juan R. Torruella

Juan Torruella
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
Assumed office
October 4, 1984
Appointed by Ronald Reagan
Preceded by Seat established
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
In office
August 3, 1994 – June 15, 2001
Preceded by Stephen Breyer
Succeeded by Michael Boudin
Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico
In office
September 8, 1982 – October 4, 1984
Preceded by Hernan Pesquera
Succeeded by Juan Perez-Gimenez
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico
In office
December 20, 1974 – October 4, 1984
Appointed by Gerald Ford
Preceded by Hiram Cancio
Succeeded by José Fusté
Personal details
Born (1933-06-07) June 7, 1933
San Juan, Puerto Rico, U.S.
Alma mater University of Pennsylvania
Boston University
University of Virginia
University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras

Juan Rafael Torruella del Valle, Sr. [Spanish: xwan rafaˈel t̪orueʎa d̪el βaʎe] (born June 7, 1933) is a Puerto Rican jurist, who currently serves as a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. He is the first and to date only Hispanic to serve in that court. He was born in 1933 in San Juan, Puerto Rico.[1] He was also a competitive sailor participating in four Olympics.

Contents

  • Education 1
  • Legal career 2
  • Sailing career 3
  • Publications 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Education

Torruella holds a degree from the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School of Business. He later received his law degree in 1957 from Boston University School of Law. Additionally, he holds master's degrees from the University of Virginia and the University of Puerto Rico.

Legal career

Torruella began his career in private practice in San Juan, Puerto Rico in 1959. In 1974, President Gerald Ford nominated Torruella to serve as a judge of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico. In this court Torruella served as chief judge from 1982 to 1984.

In 1984, President Ronald Reagan elevated Judge Torruella to the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. He was confirmed by the United States Senate that year and became the first Hispanic to serve in that court. He served as chief judge of the court from 1994 to 2001 replacing Chief Judge Stephen Breyer who was appointed an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Torruella has consistently been an advocate of Puerto Rican rights and dissented from a 2005 ruling that Puerto Ricans are properly denied a voice in the election of the president of the United States because Puerto Rico is not a state. On the bench, Torruella is considered to be a moderate. He has ruled in favor of abortion rights, including the First Circuit court's opinion in Ayotte v. Planned Parenthood.

Torruella is the author of the book The Supreme Court and Puerto Rico: The Doctrine of Separate and Unequal (University of Puerto Rico: 1988), a study of the Supreme Court's decisions in the Insular Cases.

Torruella helped declare the DOMA unconstitutional in Boston on May 31, 2012 [2]

On February 13, 2009, Torruella wrote the opinion in Noonan v. Staples,[3] allowing a suit for libel to proceed because even though the statements at issue were true they reflected "actual malice".[4]

Sailing career

Torruella competed for  Puerto Rico (PUR) in four Olympic sailing events:[1]

Publications

  • The Supreme Court and Puerto Rico: The Doctrine of Separate and Unequal, Río Piedras: University of Puerto Rico, 1988,  
  • "The Insular Cases: The Establishment of a Regime of Political Apartheid" (PDF), University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law 29 (2), 2007: 284–320 

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Olympics". sports-reference. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  2. ^ "Big DOMA Decision Handed Down". Huffington Post. May 31, 2012. 
  3. ^ Alan S. Noonan v. Staples, Inc
  4. ^ Kennedy, Dan (February 17, 2009), "With malice aforethought", The Guardian (London) 

External links

  • Biography at Federal Court Site
Legal offices
Preceded by
Hiram Cancio
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico
1974–1984
Succeeded by
José Fusté
Preceded by
Hernan Pesquera
Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Puerto Rico
1982–1984
Succeeded by
Juan Perez-Gimenez
New seat Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
1984–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Stephen Breyer
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
1994–2001
Succeeded by
Michael Boudin
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