World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

John Emmett Carland

Article Id: WHEBN0021806604
Reproduction Date:

Title: John Emmett Carland  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: United States Commerce Court
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

John Emmett Carland

John Emmett Carland (December 11, 1853 – November 11, 1922) was a United States federal judge.

Born in Oswego County, New York, Carland attended the University of Michigan, and read law in 1877 to enter the Bar. He entered private practice in Bismarck, in what was then Dakota Territory, and was also city attorney of Bismarck and county attorney of Burleigh County. He was the U.S. Attorney for the Dakota Territory from 1885 to 1888, and a Justice of the Dakota territorial Supreme Court in 1888 and 1889. Returning to private practice in Sioux Falls, South Dakota from 1889 to 1895, Carland was a delegate to the North Dakota state constitutional convention from Burleigh County in 1889, and also served as a special assistant to the U.S. attorney for the District of South Dakota.

On August 31, 1896, Carland received a recess appointment from President Grover Cleveland to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of South Dakota vacated by Alonzo J. Edgerton. Formally nominated on December 8, 1896, Carland was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 15, 1896, and received his commission the same day. On December 12, 1910, Carland was nominated by President William H. Taft to a seat on the newly created United States Commerce Court, and to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit. Both seats were created by 36 Stat. 539, which provided that Commerce Court judges would be simultaneously appointed to one of the U.S. Courts of Appeals, and would eventually rotate out of service on the Commerce Court and onto that Court of Appeals. Carland was confirmed to the joint appointment by the United States Senate on January 31, 1911, and received his commission the same day. The Commerce Court was abolished on December 13, 1913, and Carland thereafter served on the Eighth Circuit until his death in 1922, in Washington, D.C. He was interred at Rock Creek Cemetery, Washington, D.C.


  • Federal Judicial Center.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.