World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Isaac in Islam

Article Id: WHEBN0000210708
Reproduction Date:

Title: Isaac in Islam  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Abraham in Islam, Ishmael in Islam, Job in Islam, Jesus in Islam, Moses in Islam
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Isaac in Islam

For other uses see Ishaq(name)

Prophet
ʾIsḥāq
Prophet, Messenger, Seer, Patriarch
Resting place
Cave of the Patriarchs, Hebron
Other names Bible: Isaac
Known for Being the second patriarch of Canaan; prophesying and continuing the legacy left off by Abraham
Title Father of the Hebrews
Predecessor Ibrahim
Successor Yaʿqūb
Religion Islam
Children Yaʿqūb, Esau
Parents Ibrahim and Sarah
Relatives Grandfather of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, Half-brother of Ishmael

Isaac (Arabic: إسحاق‎ or إسحٰقʾIsḥāq) is recognized as a patriarch, prophet and messenger of God by all Muslims.[1] In Islam, he is known as Ishaq. As in Judaism and Christianity, Islam maintains that Isaac was the son of the prophet Ibrahim, from his wife Sarah. Muslims regard Isaac as highly important because they believe that it was Isaac and his older half-brother Ismail who continued their father's legacy and preached the message of God after the death of Abraham.[2]

In the Qur'an

Isaac is mentioned fifteen times by name in the Qur'an, often with his father and his son, Yaʿqūb (Jacob).[3] The Qur'an states that Abraham received "good tidings of Isaac, a prophet, of the righteous", and that God blessed them both (XXXVII: 12). In a fuller description, when angels came to Ibrahim to tell him of the future punishment to be imposed on Sodom and Gomorrah, his wife, Sarah, "laughed, and We gave her good tidings of Isaac, and after Isaac of (a grandson) Jacob" (XI: 71-74); and it is further explained that this event will take place despite Abraham and Sarah's old age. Several verses speak of Isaac as a "gift" to Abraham (VI: 84; XIX: 49-50), and XXIX: 26-27 adds that God made "prophethood and the Book to be among his offspring", which has been interpreted to refer to Abraham's two prophetic sons, his prophetic grandson Jacob, and his prophetic great-grandson Joseph. In the Qur'an, it later narrates that Abraham also praised God for giving him Ishmael and Isaac in his old age (XIV: 39-41).

Elsewhere in the Qur'an, Isaac is mentioned in lists: Joseph follows the religion of his forefathers Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (XII: 38) and speaks of God's favor to them (XII: 6); Yaʿqūb's sons all testify their faith and promise to worship the God that their forefathers, "Abraham, Ishmael and Isaac", worshiped (II: 127); and the Qur'an commands Muslims to believe in the revelations that were given to "Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and the Patriarchs" (II: 136; III: 84). In the Qur'an's narrative of Abraham's near-sacrifice of his son (XXXVII: 102), the name of the son is not mentioned and debate has continued over the son's identity, though many feel that the identity is the least important element in a story which is given to show the courage that one develops through faith.[4]

Burial site

Cenotaph of Ishaq

His tomb and that of his wife Rebekah is considered to be in the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron, known in Islam as the Ibrahim-i-Mosque ("Mosque of Abraham"). Alongside Isaac's cenotaph are the cenotaphs of some of the other Qur'anic/Biblical patriarchs and their wives: Abraham and Sarah and Jacob and Leah.

See also

Footnotes

Bibliography

References

  1. ^ Lives of the Prophets, L. Azzam, Isaac and Jacob
  2. ^ Stories of the Prophets, Kisa'i, Isaac
  3. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam, W. Montgomery Watt, Isaac
  4. ^ Concise Encyclopedia of Islam, C. Glasse, Isaac
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.