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Hymenocallis coronaria

Cahaba lily
Shoals spider-lily
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Genus: Hymenocallis
Species: H. coronaria
Binomial name
Hymenocallis coronaria
(Leconte) Kunth[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Tomodon coronarium Raf.
  • Pancratium coronarium Leconte
A stand of H. coronaria in the Cahaba River in Alabama

Hymenocallis coronaria, commonly known as the Cahaba lily, Shoal lily, or Shoals spider-lily, is an South Carolina and parts of North Carolina.[2][3] Within Alabama, it is known as the Cahaba lily; elsewhere it is known as the Shoal lily or Shoals spider-lily.[4]

Contents

  • Description and habitat 1
  • Populations 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Description and habitat

Hymenocallis coronaria requires a swift, shallow, water current and direct sunlight to flourish.[5] The plant grows to about 3 feet (0.9 m) tall and develops from a bulb that lodges in cracks in rocky shoals.[6] It blooms from early May to late June.[5] Each fragrant flower blossom opens overnight and last for one day. They are visited and possibly pollinated by Paratrea plebeja, commonly known as the plebeian sphinx moth, and Battus philenor, the pipevine swallowtail butterfly.[7]

The plant was first observed in 1783 by

  • The Cahaba River Society
  • Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge
  • Cahaba River Wildlife Management Area

External links

  1. ^ a b "Hymenocallis coronaria".  
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map
  4. ^ Davenport, L. J. "Cahaba lily". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  5. ^ a b "About the Cahaba Lily". CahabaLily.com. Retrieved 2007-12-16. 
  6. ^ "The Cahaba Lily". Cahabariver.net. Retrieved 2007-12-16. 
  7. ^ a b c Markwith, Scott H.; Scanlon, Michael J. (May 11, 2006). (Amaryllidaceae) genetic diversity, genetic structure, and gene movement under the influence of unidirectional stream flow"Hymenocallis coronaria"Multiscale analysis of . American Journal of Botany. Botanical Society of America. Retrieved October 1, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Hymenocallis coronaria in Flora of North America". eFloras.org. Retrieved 2007-12-16. 

References

[7] is under consideration for protection under the Hymenocallis coronaria

Populations

[8]

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