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Hoogstraten

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Title: Hoogstraten  
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Subject: List of power stations in Belgium, Auguste Baudin, Gert Verheyen, Vlaamse Aardbeiencross, Wuustwezel
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Hoogstraten

For people with this surname, see Hoogstraten (surname)
Hoogstraten
Municipality
St Catharina Church in Hoogstraten
St Catharina Church in Hoogstraten
Flag of Hoogstraten
Flag
Coat of arms of Hoogstraten
Coat of arms
Hoogstraten is located in Belgium
Hoogstraten
Location in Belgium
Coordinates:
Country Belgium
Community Flemish Community
Region Flemish Region
Province Antwerp
Arrondissement Turnhout
Government
 • Mayor Arnold Van Aperen (KVB)
 • Governing party/ies KVB, HOOP
Area
 • Total 105.32 km2 (40.66 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 20,386
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Postal codes 2320–2323, 2328
Area codes 03, 014
Website www.hoogstraten.be

Hoogstraten (Dutch pronunciation: ) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Antwerp. The municipality comprises Hoogstraten, Meer, Meerle, Meersel-Dreef, Minderhout and Wortel, (Meersel-Dreef includes the northernmost point in Belgium.)

Hoogstraten (originally Hoogstraeten), has a population of 18,900, and lies in Flanders at the northern border of Belgium within an enclave surrounded on three sides by the Netherlands. Today, over ten percent of the population consists of Dutch people who have chosen to live in Hoogstraten while working in the Netherlands, while the remaining ninety percent of the population is overwhelmingly Flemish.

The town is named after the hoge straat or ’high road’ – a military highway that linked the old towns of Antwerp and 's-Hertogenbosch. In the town’s early days, little trade existed. Villages and towns produced just enough for their own support, with little or no surplus to be ‘sold’ to other areas. Thus, most travelers along this high road were soldiers and armies.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Medieval period 1.1
    • Early-modern period 1.2
    • Contemporary period 1.3
    • Postal history 1.4
  • Sports 2
  • Gallery 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

Medieval period

Originally Hoogstraten probably existed as a small group of thatched cottages, with perhaps one which served as an inn. Passing travellers would pay for a meal of bread and stew and the opportunity to lie on a straw pallet in an upper room for the night while their horse was tended in a stable attached to the cottage. Apart from the innkeeper who probably also sold beer, most of the men in Hoogstraten laboured for the principal landowner while their wives tended to the family, to the garden and perhaps to chickens and a pig or a sheep that they might own. The animals and children ran free in the town along its earthen street. There was no natural lake or hill around which the cottages might have been grouped so the town’s focus was the main street, the "Vrijheid". There was a small river, the Mark, but given the tendency for rivers to overflow in this flat land, townspeople were wise to avoid building too close to it.

The town was chartered in 1210, when it was granted the title of ‘free town’. This effectively gave it a charter with certain privileges: perhaps exemption from some taxes or exemption from ecclesiastical territorial sovereignty. Both helped the growth of a town.

A watermill ('het Laermolen') was built outside town on the River Mark. It was already an old mill when it was first mentioned in 1391. In 1380 a Beguinage was established to house good but poor old women.

Early-modern period

A very large brick church was built in 1524, and a matching town hall next door was built in 1530 before the church was completed in 1546.

By 1564, a drawing shows the town still consisted of houses on both sides of the wide unpaved Vrijheid. Cattle and dogs still ran freely along its length. The number of houses had grown to more than a hundred and they were no longer thatched but were fine upstanding wooden buildings some three stories high. The church, St. Catherine’s Church, formed the centre of the town. Behind the church on a slight hill a few kilometres distant stood the castle of the Count who owned all the land for miles around.

Under the ownership of Count Margaretha of Austria. The ‘county’ encompassed the whole the Count’s land in which several villages existed. It is now marked by the boundaries of his property, one of three bulges of northern Belgium each of which are almost surrounded by The Netherlands.

While Hoogstraten lies within modern Belgian Flanders, prior to 1794 the town was in the Duchy of Brabant since old Flanders reached no further North West than Antwerp.

Hoogstraten remained in the hands of the Lalaing-Culemborg family until 1709 after which the town was transferred to the Salm-Salm family. In 1740 Hoogstraten was elevated to a Duchy by Emperor Charles VI, but barely half a century later, during French rule, it lost its titles of ‘town’ and ‘duchy.’ The status of a town often depended on whether the townspeople were considered supporters or not, so one might infer that the area was seen to have anti-French feeling.

Contemporary period

Over two hundred years later, in 1977, Hoogstraten was combined, as it had been in the past, with a mixture of dependent municipalities: the villages of Meer, Meerle, Meersel-Dreef, Minderhout and Wortel, which clustered around its edges, none of these villages was more than 15 kilometers from each other. Since 1985 Hoogstraten has once more been entitled to call itself a ‘stad’ – a town.

Postal history

The HOOGSTRAETEN post-office opened on 1 February 1845. It used a Distribution postal code 26 (before 1864), and 182 with points before 1874.[2] MEERLE opened on 18 July 1902.

Postal codes since 1969:[3] - 2320 Hoogstraten - 2321 Meer - 2322 Minderhout - 2323 Wortel - 2328 Meerle.

Sports

The Vlaamse Aardbeiencross is a February cyclo-cross race held in Hoogstraten, Belgium, which is part of the Superprestige.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Population per municipality on 1 January 2013 (XLS; 607.5 KB)
  2. ^ Catalogue Spécialisé des Oblitérations Belges, 1849-1910, Nationale en Internationale Postzegelmanifestaties Antwerpen (NIPA), Antwerp, 1999.
  3. ^ Liste des Numéros Postaux, Administration des Postes, Bruxelles 1969.

External links

  • (Dutch) Official website
  • (English) Local Heritage (1) a colourful history of St Catherine's church in English
  • (Dutch) Local heritage (2), contains an Image Bank, several old movies, Audio, old artifacts etc
  • (Dutch) Local heritage (3)
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