Holy Apostolic Throne of St. Thomas

Throne of St. Thomas is the chair occupied by the head of the Malankara Church when he is enthroned as the prelate and given the title of Malankara Metropolitan. Tradition has it that this Church was established by St. Thomas the Apostle in the 1st century in Malankara (Kerala). During the first fifteen centuries, the heads of the church were elders selected or elected from among elders of various parishes. No chairs or thrones were known to have been in use for their enthronement. The first person to have been enthroned on this throne was Mar Thoma I, in 1653.[1]

First Marthoma

Soon after the Coonan Cross Oath (Koonan Kurishu Satyam), in 1653 AD, it became necessary to appoint a bishop as the head of the Malankara Church. They elected the then leader Parampil Thomas Kathanar as their first bishop. For this consecration they made a special chair (throne). On May 22, 1653, Thomas Kathanar was seated on it and twelve kathanars (priests) placed their hands on him and elevated him to the office of bishop. He was given the ecclesiastical title Mar Thoma I. This throne used in 1653 was later used for the consecration of other prelates of the Malankara Church and they all carried the title Mar Thoma.[1]

Metropolitans enthroned on this throne

Name Other name Year
Mar Thoma I Parampil Thomas Kathanar 1653–1670
Mar Thoma II -- 1670–1686
Mar Thoma III -- 1686–1688
Mar Thoma IV -- 1688–1728
Mar Thoma V -- 1728–1765
Mar Thoma VI Mar Dionysius I 1765–1808
Mar Thoma VII -- 1808–1809
Mar Thoma VIII -- 1809–1816
Mar Thoma IX -- 1816–1817
Mar Thoma XI Punnathra Mar Dionysius / Mar Dionysious III 1817–1825
Mar Thoma XII Cheppad Mar Dionysius / Mar Dionysious IV 1825–1852

The following Metropolitans of the Malankara Church were not seated on this Throne of St. Thomas at the time of their consecration.

  1. Mar Thoma X, Pulikkottil Joseph Mar Dionysious I (Mar Dionysious II) (1815–1816) was consecrated at Pazhanji, outside Travancore-Cochin
  2. Mar Thoma XIII, Mathews Mar Athanasius (1843–1877) was consecrated in Antioch.

References

For further reading

  • (Anglican) Missionary Registers (in English) from 1816.
  • Niranam Granthavari (Record of History written during 1770-1830 in Malayalam). Editor Paul Manalil, M.O.C. Publications, Devalokam Aramana, Kottayam. 2002.

See also

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