World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0033362364
Reproduction Date:

Title: Graphetics  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Linguistics, Graphemics, Functional theories of grammar, Linguistic description, Morphology (linguistics)
Collection: Linguistics
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Graphetics is a branch of linguistics concerned with the analysis of the physical properties of shapes used in writing.[1][2]

It is an etic study, meaning that it has an outsider's perspective and is not concerned with any particular writing system. It is contrasted with the related emic field of graphemics, the study of the relation between different shapes in particular writing systems.[1] Graphetics is analogous to phonetics; graphetics is to the study of writing as phonetics is to the study of spoken language. As such, it can be divided into two areas, visual graphetics and mechanical graphetics, which are analogous to auditory and articulatory phonetics, respectively.[2] Both printed and handwritten language can be the subject of graphetic study.[3]


  1. ^ a b Crystal, David (2003). "Graphetics". Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. The Language Library (5th ed.). Malden, MA: Blackwell.  
  2. ^ a b Coulmas, Florian, ed. (1999). "Graphetics". The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Writing Systems. Blackwell Reference Online: Blackwell. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  3. ^ Hartmann, R. R. K.; James, Gregory (1998). "Graphetics". Dictionary of Lexicography. London, New York: Routledge.  

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.