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Gpr119

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Subject: Cannabinoid receptor, Monoglyceride, PSN-632,408, AR-231,453, PSN-375,963
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Gpr119

G protein-coupled receptor 119
Identifiers
GPR119 Gene
RNA expression pattern

G protein-coupled receptor 119 also known as GPR119 is a G protein-coupled receptor that in humans is encoded by the GPR119 gene.[1]

GPR119, along with GPR55 and GPR18, have been implicated as novel cannabinoid receptors.[2][3][4]

Pharmacology

GPR119 is expressed predominantly in the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract in rodents and humans, as well as in the brain in rodents.[5] Activation of the receptor has been shown to cause a reduction in food intake and body weight gain in rats.[5] GPR119 has also been shown to regulate incretin and insulin hormone secretion.[6][7][8] As a result, new drugs acting on the receptor have been suggested as novel treatments for obesity and diabetes.[5][7][9]

Ligands

A number of endogenous and synthetic ligands for this receptor have been identified:[10][11][12]

References

Further reading

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