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Florence, Colorado

City of Florence, Colorado
Statutory City
Location in Fremont County and the state of Colorado
Location in Fremont County and the state of Colorado
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Colorado
County[1] Fremont
Incorporated September 13, 1887[2]
Government
 • Type Statutory City[1]
Area
 • Total 4.1 sq mi (10.5 km2)
 • Land 4.1 sq mi (10.5 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[3] 5,180 ft (1,579 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 3,653
 • Density 891/sq mi (347.9/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes[4] 81226 & 81290
Area code(s) 719
FIPS code 08-27040
GNIS feature ID 0204775
Website City Website

Florence is a Statutory City located in Fremont County, Colorado, United States. The population was 3,881 at the 2010 census, up from 3,653 in 2000.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Government 4
  • Education 5
  • Notable people 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

Florence was built as transportation center with 3 railroads including a small railroad depot for the trains that hauled coal from the neighboring towns of Rockvale and Coal Creek. Oil was first discovered in Florence in 1862, being the first oil center west of the Mississippi. In the early 1880s the town grew rapidly.[5] The city was named after Florence, the daughter of local settler James McCandless.[6] The town was incorporated in 1887.[7]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 square miles (11 km2). 4.1 square miles (11 km2) of it is land and 0.25% is water.

Florence sits on the same semi-arid desert lands as Pueblo and Cañon City, the high deserts of southern Colorado.

Demographics

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 3,653 people, 1,488 households, and 973 families residing in the city. The population density was 897.7 per square mile (346.5/km²). There were 1,622 housing units at an average density of 398.6 per square mile (153.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.77% White, 0.30% African American, 1.23% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 2.63% from other races, and 2.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.66% of the population.

There were 1,488 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.4% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,628, and the median income for a family was $39,276. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $22,042 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,969. About 12.5% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Federal Correctional Complex, Florence, including ADX Florence, the only federal Supermax prison in the United States; is located near Florence in unincorporated Fremont County.[11][12]

Education

Fremont RE-2 School District operates public schools, including Florence Elementary School, Florence Middle School, and Florence High School.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities".  
  2. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations".  
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  4. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" ( 
  5. ^ "Community History". Florence Colorado. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Profile for Florence, Colorado, CO". ePodunk. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Florence, Colorado". City-Data.com. Retrieved July 12, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  11. ^ "USP Florence ADMAX Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on December 30, 2009.
  12. ^ "Zoning Map." (Archive) City of Florence, Colorado. Retrieved on December 30, 2009.
  13. ^ 'Former Wyoming Sec. of State Thyra Thomson Dies,' Billings Gazette (Wyoming), Joan Barron, June 12, 2013

External links

  • City of Florence website
  • Florence Chamber of Commerce
  • Royal Gorge Region - Official Visitors Guide to the Royal Gorge Region.
  • CDOT map of the City of Florence
  • John C Fremont Public Library
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