World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Faqi Tayran

Article Id: WHEBN0003296263
Reproduction Date:

Title: Faqi Tayran  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kurdish literature, Mahmud Bayazidi, Kurdish Institute of Istanbul, Ali Taramakhi, Kurdish poets
Collection: 1590 Births, 1660 Deaths, Kurdish Philosophers, Kurdish Poets, People from Hakkâri
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Faqi Tayran

Faqi Tayran (or Feqiyê Teyran) (1590–1660) is considered one of the great classic Kurdish poets and writers. His real name was Mir Mihemed. He was born in a village called Miks in the Hakkari region of the Ottoman Empire (present-day south-eastern Turkey). In his youth, he went to Cizre (Botan) region (in present-day Şırnak province) to study under the well-known Kurdish poet, Malaye Jaziri.[1][2]


Among Faqi Tayran's literary works are Wesfê şêxê senhanî (In Praise of Sheik San'an), Qewlê Hespê Reş (The Tale of the Black Horse) and Ber Sîs. He was greatly influenced by Kurdish folklore tales. He also wrote several poems. The most famous among them are the pastoral poems he wrote while corresponding with Malaye Jaziri. Faqi Tayran is also credited with contributing the earliest literary account of the Battle of Dimdim in 1609-1610 between the Kurds and the Safavid Empire. [1]

In Kurdish oral traditions (Bayt), literary works, and histories, this battle is seen as a struggle of the Kurdish people against foreign domination. In fact, Bayt dimdim is considered a national epic second only to Mem û Zîn (Mam and Zin) by Ahmad Khani. It is known in both the Kurmanji and Sorani dialects of Kurdish and in Armenian.

The famous Kurdish poet Ahmad Khani expressed his own ideal role as a poet and a thinker in this way:

"Then I would hoist the flag of rhymed speech to the sky.
I would resurrect Malaye Jaziri,
bring Ali Hariri to life
and give Faqi Tayran such joy
that it would fill him with admiration for ever."

This is considered to be the first reference to Kurdish language literature by a Kurd or a non-Kurd.


  1. ^ Melayê Cizîrî
  2. ^
  • Life and Works of Faqi Tayran (in Kurdish)
  • Kurdish Classic Literature
  • Shakely, Farhad, Classic and Modern Kurdish Poetry, University of Uppsala, Sweden
  • Battle of DimDim in Encyclopaedia Iranica
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.