World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cross River (Nigeria)

Article Id: WHEBN0030863802
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cross River (Nigeria)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Geography of Cameroon, Aro people, Eyo Honesty II, Cross River (Nigeria), Bakassi
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Cross River (Nigeria)

A Map of Cross River
A Map of Cross River, flowing in Cameroon and Nigeria.

Cross River (of which its native name is Oyono)[1] is the main river in southeastern Nigeria and gives its name to Cross River State. It originates in Cameroon, where it takes the name of the Manyu River.[2] Although not long by African standards its catchment has high rainfall and it becomes very wide. Over its last 80 km to the sea its flows through swampy rainforest with numerous creeks and forms an inland delta near its confluence with the Calabar River,[3] about 20 km wide and 50 km long between the cities of Oron on the west bank and Calabar, on the east bank, more than 30 km from the open sea. The delta empties into a broad estuary which it shares with a few smaller rivers. At its mouth in the Atlantic Ocean the estuary is 24 km wide. The eastern side of the estuary is in the neighbouring country of Cameroon.

The major tributary of cross river is the river Aloma coming from Benue State to merge with the cross river in cross river state. Cross River State is connected with a major highway to its sister state Akwa Ibom. The distance between Oron and Calabar is 21 km by boat and about 200 km by road. The population of the lower Cross River traditionally use water transport and Calabar has long had a major seaport, located in the Calabar River about 10 km from its confluence with the Cross River and about 55 km from the sea. The Itu bridge on the Cross River is located along Ikom-Calabar highway and is reported to be one of the landmark achievements of the Gowon administration when it was completed in 1975.

The Cross River forms a boundary between two tropical moist forest ecoregions, the Cross-Niger transition forests which lie west of the river, between the Cross and Niger Rivers, and the Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests, which lie to the east between the Cross River and the Sanaga River of Cameroon.

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^ L. Zapfack, J. S. O. Ayeni, S. Besong, M. Mdaihli (November 2001). "ETHNOBOTANICAL SURVEY OF THE TAKAMANDA FOREST RESERVE". Retrieved 2011-02-05. 
  3. ^ Maritime Organisation of West and Central Africa, Nigeria

External links

  • Nigerian Tourism, Cross Rivers State

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.