World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Codex Beratinus

Article Id: WHEBN0016903590
Reproduction Date:

Title: Codex Beratinus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Byzantine text-type, Berat, Berat County, Codex Alexandrinus, Syriac Sinaiticus, Codex Vercellensis, Categories of New Testament manuscripts, List of New Testament uncials, Minuscule 33, Minuscule 99
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Codex Beratinus

For the similarly named manuscript, see Codex Beratinus II.

Codex Purpureus Beratinus designated by Φ or 043 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 17 (von Soden), is an uncial illuminated manuscript Gospel book written in Greek. Dated palaeographically to the 6th-century, the manuscript is written in an uncial hand on purple vellum with silver ink. The codex is preserved at the Albanian National Archives (Nr. 1) in Tirana, Albania.[1] It was formerly possessed by St. George Church in Berat, Albania, hence the 'Beratinus' appellation.

Description

Codex Beratinus contains only the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Mark, with several considerable lacunae (Matthew 1:1-6:3, 7:26-8:7, 18:23-19:3, and Mark 14:62-end). The codex contains 190 extant parchment leaves measuring 31.4 x 26.8 cm, or approximately the same size as those of Codex Alexandrinus, and have two columns per page, but the letters are much larger.[2] It is written with 17 lines per page,[1] 8-12 letters per line, in very regular letters, in silver ink.[3] The title and the first line in Mark are written in gold.[4] The writing is continuous in full lines without stichometry. Quotations from the Old Testament are marked with an inverted comma (<).

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters) and according to the Ammonian Sections (smaller than κεφαλαια). On the left margin are inserted the numerals of the κεφαλαια and above the pages are inserted the τιτλοι (titles) of the κεφαλαια. The numerals of the Ammonian sections are given on the left margin, and a references to the Eusebian Canons were added by a later hand in the 8th century. A note in the manuscript states that the loss of the other two Gospels is due to "the Franks of Champagne", i.e. some of the Crusaders, who may have seen it while at Patmos, where it was believed formerly to have been.[2]

Text

The Greek text of the codex is generally of the Byzantine text-type, but it contains the long Western addition after Matthew 20:28, occurring also in Codex Bezae:[3] Aland gave for it the following textual profile: 1311, 831/2, 112, 18s.[1]

"But seek to increase from that which is small, and to become less from which is greater. When you enter into a house and are summoned to dine, do not sit down at the prominent places, lest perchance a man more honorable than you come in afterwards, and he who invited you come and say to you, "Go down lower"; and you shall be ashamed. But if you sit down in the inferior place, and one inferior to you come in, then he that invited you will say to you, "Go up higher"; and this will be advantageous for you."[5]

In Matthew 21:9, the following interpolation occurs, sharing affinity only with syrcur:[6]

και εξελθον εις υπαντησιν αυτω πολλοι χαιροντες και δοξαζοντες τον θεον περι παντων ων ειδον

And many went out to meet him; all who were seeing [him] round about were rejoicing and glorifying God.

In Matthew 27:9, in the phrase επληρωθη το ρηθεν δια Ιερεμιου του προφητου (fulfilled what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet) the word Ιερεμιου (Jeremiah) is omitted, as in Minuscule 33, a, b, syrs, syrp, and copbo.[7]

In Matthew 27:16 it has additional reading ος δια φονον και στασιν ην βεβλημενοις εις φυλακην.[7]

According to B. H. Streeter, Codex Beratinus is a tertiary witness of the Caesarean text.[8] It is grouped with N, O, Σ, and Uncial 080 to constitute the Purple Uncials. Aland categorized the first four into Category V,[1] and it is certain that they are more Byzantine than anything else.[9] Aland did not categorize Uncial 080.[1]

History

Formerly it was believed to have been at Patmos.[2][10] According to Xhevat Lloshi it came from Ballsh.[11] It was held in Berat, Albania from 1356.[4] The text of the codex was published by Pierre Batiffol in 1887. "During World War II, Hitler learned of it and sought it out. Several monks and priests risked their lives to hide the manuscript."[12] Since 1971, it has been preserved at the National Archives of Albania in Tirana.[3][13]

Oscar von Gebhardt designated it by siglum Φ, which is often used in critical editions.

Importance as Cultural Heritage

The Codex Purpureus Beratinus was inscribed on the UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register in 2005 in recognition of its historical significance. The two Beratinus codices preserved in Albania are very important for the global community and the development of ancient biblical, liturgical and hagiographical literature and are part of the "seven purple codices”, which were written over a period of 13 centuries, i.e. from the sixth to the eighteenth centuries. The other five “purple codices” are in Italy (two), France (one), England (one), and Greece (one).[14]

See also

Bible portal

References

External links

  • CSNTM
  • R. Waltz, Codex Beratinus Φ (043), Encyclopedia of Textual Criticism
  • A Codex Purpureus Beratinus at the UNESCO website
  • Website of Unesco
  • Kodikët e Shqipërisë (’Albániai kódexek’)

Further reading

  • Pierre Batiffol, , in: Mélanges d'archéologie et d'histoire, de l'école française de Rome 5 (Paris and Rome, 1882), pp. 358–376.
  • Shaban Sinani, Kodikët e Shqipërisë dhe 2000-vjetori i krishtërimit, in: "Media", 2000/6.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.