World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Canadian federal election, 1980

 

Canadian federal election, 1980

Canadian federal election, 1980

February 18, 1980

282 seats in the 32nd Canadian Parliament
142 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 69.3%[1]
  First party Second party
 
Leader Pierre Trudeau Joe Clark
Party Liberal Progressive Conservative
Leader since April 6, 1968 February 22, 1976
Leader's seat Mount Royal Yellowhead
Last election 114 seats, 40.11% 136 seats, 35.89%
Seats before 114 136
Seats won 147 103
Seat change +33 -33
Popular vote 4,855,425 3,552,994
Percentage 44.34% 32.45%
Swing +4.23pp -3.44pp

  Third party Fourth party
 
SC
Leader Ed Broadbent Fabien Roy
Party New Democratic Social Credit
Leader since July 7, 1975 March 30, 1979
Leader's seat Oshawa Beauce (lost re-election)
Last election 26 seats, 17.88% 6 seats, 4.61%
Seats before 27 5
Seats won 32 0
Seat change +5 -5
Popular vote 2,165,087 185,486
Percentage 19.77% 1.70%
Swing +1.89pp -2.91pp

Popular vote map showing seat totals by province

Prime Minister before election

Joe Clark
Progressive Conservative

Prime Minister-designate

Pierre Trudeau
Liberal

The Canadian federal election of 1980 was held on February 18, 1980 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 32nd Parliament of Canada. It was called when the minority Progressive Conservative government led by Prime Minister Joe Clark was defeated in the Commons.

Clark and his government had been under attack for its perceived inexperience, for example, in its handling of its 1979 election campaign commitment to move Canada's embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Clark had maintained uneasy relations with the fourth largest party in the House of Commons, Social Credit. While he needed the six votes that the conservative-populist Quebec-based party had in order to get legislation passed, he was unwilling to agree to the conditions they imposed for their support. Clark had managed to recruit one Social Credit MP, Richard Janelle, to join the PC caucus.

Clark's Minister of Finance, John Crosbie, introduced an austere government budget in late 1979 that proposed to increase the excise tax on gasoline by 18¢ per Imperial gallon (about 4¢ a litre) to reduce the federal government's deficit. The New Democratic Party's finance critic, Bob Rae, proposed a rider to the budget bill stating that "this House has lost confidence in the government." The five remaining Social Credit MPs abstained, upset that the revenues from the increased gas tax were not allocated to Quebec. In addition, one Tory MP was too ill to attend the vote while two others were stuck abroad on official business. Meanwhile, the Liberals assembled all but one member of their caucus, even going as far as to bring in several bedridden MPs by ambulance. Rae's subamendment was adopted by a vote of 139-133, bringing down the government and forcing a new election.

Clark's Tories campaigned under the slogan, "Real change deserves a fair chance", but the voters were unwilling to give Clark another chance. The loss of the budget vote just seven months into his mandate and his subsequent defeat in the February 18 general election would eventually result in his ouster as leader by Brian Mulroney three years later.

Former Liberal prime minister Pierre Trudeau had announced his resignation as leader of the Liberal Party following its defeat in 1979. However, no leadership convention had been held when the Progressive Conservative government fell. Trudeau quickly rescinded his resignation and led the party to victory, winning 34 more seats than in the 1979 federal election. This enabled the Liberals to form a majority government that would last until its defeat in the 1984 election.

The abstention by Social Credit on the crucial budget vote (while the Liberals and NDP voted to bring down the government) contributed to the growing perception that the party had become irrelevant following the death of iconic leader Réal Caouette. The Social Credit Party lost its last five seats in the House of Commons. The party rapidly declined into obscurity after this election, though it nominally continued to exist until 1993.

The Liberals were shut out west of Manitoba.

Voter turn-out: 69.3%

Contents

  • National results 1
  • Vote and seat summaries 2
  • Results by province 3
  • Notes 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

National results

Party Party leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular vote
1979 Dissolution Elected % Change # % Change
     Liberal Pierre Trudeau 282 114 114 147 +28.9% 4,855,425 44.34% +4.23pp
     Progressive Conservative Joe Clark 282 136 136 103 -24.3% 3,552,994 32.45% -3.44pp
     New Democratic Party Ed Broadbent 280 26 27 32 +23.1% 2,165,087 19.77% +1.89pp
Social Credit Fabien Roy 81 6 5 - -100% 185,486 1.70% -2.91pp
Rhinoceros Cornelius I 121 - - -   110,597 1.01% +0.46pp
Marxist–Leninist Hardial Bains 177 - - - - 14,728 0.13% +0.01pp
Libertarian   58 - - - - 14,656 0.13% -0.01pp
Union populaire   54 - - - - 14,474 0.13% -0.04pp
     Independent 55 - - - - 14,472 0.13% -0.13pp
     Unknown 41 - - - - 12,532 0.11% -0.07pp
Communist William Kashtan 52 - - - - 6,022 0.05% -0.02pp
     No affiliation 14 - - - - 3,063 0.03% +0.03pp
Total 1,497 282 282 282 - 10,949,536 100%  

Sources: http://www.elections.ca,History of Federal Ridings since 1867

Notes:

"% change" refers to change from previous election.

Changes to party standings from previous election: Social Credit MP Richard Janelle crossed the floor to join the PC Party. PC MP John Diefenbaker died during the parliamentary session. A New Democrat was elected in the subsequent by-election.

147 103 32
Liberal Progressive Conservative NDP

Vote and seat summaries

Popular vote
Liberal
  
44.34%
PC
  
32.45%
NDP
  
19.77%
Social Credit
  
1.70%
Others
  
1.74%
Seat totals
Liberal
  
52.13%
PC
  
36.52%
NDP
  
11.35%

Results by province

Party name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL NT YK Total
     Liberal Seats: - - - 2 52 74 7 5 2 5 - - 147
     Popular Vote: 22.2 22.2 24.3 28.0 41.9 68.2 50.1 39.9 46.8 47.0 35.8 39.6 44.3
     Progressive Conservative Seats: 16 21 7 5 38 1 3 6 2 2 1 1 103
     Vote: 41.5 64.9 38.9 37.7 35.5 12.6 32.5 38.7 46.3 36.0 24.7 40.6 32.4
     New Democratic Party Seats: 12 - 7 7 5 - - - - - 1 - 32
     Vote: 35.3 10.3 36.3 33.5 21.8 9.1 16.2 20.9 6.6 16.7 38.4 19.8 19.8
Total seats: 28 21 14 14 95 75 10 11 4 7 2 1 282
Parties that won no seats:
Social Credit Vote: 0.1 1.0 xx   xx 5.9             1.7
Rhinoceros Vote: 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.2 3.0 0.5 0.2     1.1   1.0
Marxist–Leninist Vote: 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 xx xx xx 0.1     0.1
Libertarian Vote:     xx   0.3 0.1 xx           0.1
Union populaire Vote:           0.5             0.1
     Independent Vote: 0.3 0.3 0.1 xx 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1     0.1
     Non-Affiliated Vote: xx 0.5 0.2 0.1 xx 0.2 0.3     0.1     0.1
Communist Vote: 0.1 0.1 xx 0.1 0.1 xx             0.1
     No affiliation Vote:         xx 0.1 0.1           xx

xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote.

Notes

See also

Articles on parties' candidates in this election:

References

  1. ^ Pomfret, R. "Voter Turnout at Federal Elections and Referendums". Elections Canada. Elections Canada. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 

External links

  • Riding map
  • The Elections of 1979 and 1980, by Robert Bothwell
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.