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Benton County, Indiana

Benton County, Indiana
Benton County Courthouse in Fowler.jpg
Map of Indiana highlighting Benton County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded February 18, 1840
Named for Senator Thomas H. Benton
Seat Fowler
Largest city Fowler
Area
 • Total 406.51 sq mi (1,053 km2)
 • Land 406.42 sq mi (1,053 km2)
 • Water 0.09 sq mi (0 km2), 0.02%
Population
 • (2010) 8,854
 • Density 22/sq mi (8.41/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Footnotes:  

  • Indiana county number 4
  • Respsonsible for most of Indiana's wind-produced electricity

Benton County is located in the northwest part of the U.S. state of Indiana, along the border with Illinois. As of 2010, the county's population was 8,854.[1] It contains six incorporated towns as well as several small unincorporated settlements; it is also divided into 11 townships which provide local services.[2][3] The county seat is Fowler.[4]

Benton County is part of the Lafayette, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Wind turbines in Benton County from U.S. 52

Contents

  • History 1
    • Courthouse 1.1
  • Economy 2
  • Geography 3
    • Cities and towns 3.1
    • Unincorporated towns 3.2
    • Extinct towns 3.3
    • Townships 3.4
    • Railroads 3.5
  • Education 4
  • Climate and weather 5
  • Government 6
  • Demographics 7
  • See also 8
  • Notes 9
  • References 10
    • Bibliography 10.1
  • External links 11

History

Benton County was formed February 18, 1840. It is named for Thomas H. Benton (D), U.S. Senator from Missouri.[5] The original county seat selected in 1843 was Oxford, but after a long struggle between contending factions it was moved to Fowler in 1874.[6]

Courthouse

The current Benton County courthouse, located in Fowler, was designed by Gordon P. Randall of Chicago and built in 1874 by Levi L. Leach at a cost of $62,257.[n 1] The new courthouse was an impressive building from an architectural standpoint, but also provided much-needed improvements in security, including large fire-proof vaults. Randall had designed the Marshall County courthouse a few years earlier.[8]

Economy

In 2008 the Benton County Wind Farm began operating with 87 1.5 MW wind turbines.[9] Duke Energy purchases electricity from the wind farm and sells it to customers through its GoGreen program.[10]

In 2009 the Fowler Ridge Wind Farm opened nearby,[11] giving Benton County one of the largest concentrations of wind turbines in the United States east of the Mississippi River.

Geography

Map of Benton County, showing townships and settlements

Benton County's western border is shared with the state of Illinois and Iroquois County; Vermilion County is to the southwest and shares a small portion of Benton County's border. Newton and Jasper counties lie to the north, with White and Tippecanoe counties to the east. The entire southern border is shared with Warren County.

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 406.51 square miles (1,052.9 km2), of which 406.42 square miles (1,052.6 km2) (or 99.98%) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) (or 0.02%) is water.[12]

Cities and towns

Unincorporated towns

Extinct towns

Townships

=== Major highways ===

Railroads

Education

The county's four public schools are administered by the Benton Community School Corporation.

Climate and weather

Fowler, Indiana
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.7
 
 
30
13
 
 
1.6
 
 
35
17
 
 
3.2
 
 
47
27
 
 
3.6
 
 
60
38
 
 
4.2
 
 
72
49
 
 
4.5
 
 
81
59
 
 
3.7
 
 
84
62
 
 
3
 
 
82
59
 
 
2.6
 
 
77
51
 
 
3
 
 
64
39
 
 
3
 
 
48
30
 
 
2.5
 
 
35
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[13]

In recent years, average temperatures in Fowler have ranged from a low of 13 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 99 °F (37 °C) was recorded in July 1995. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.59 inches (40 mm) in February to 4.50 inches (114 mm) in June.[13]

Government

The county government is a constitutional body granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana and the Indiana Code. The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all spending and revenue collection. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms and are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes and service taxes.[14][15] In 2010, the county budgeted approximately $5 million for the district's schools and $2.8 million for other county operations and services, for a total annual budget of approximately $7.8 million.[16]

The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue and managing day-to-day functions of the county government.[14][15]

The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[15]

The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and be residents of the county.[15]

Each of the townships has a trustee who administers rural fire protection and ambulance service, provides poor relief and manages cemetery care, among other duties.[3] The trustee is assisted in these duties by a three-member township board. The trustees and board members are elected to four-year terms.[17]

Based on 2000 census results, Benton County is part of Indiana's 1st congressional district and in 2008 was represented by Pete Visclosky in the United States Congress.[18] It is part of Indiana Senate district 6[19] and Indiana House of Representatives district 15.[20]

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,854 people, 3,479 households, and 2,388 families residing in the county.[26] The population density was 21.8 inhabitants per square mile (8.4/km2). There were 3,937 housing units at an average density of 9.7 per square mile (3.7/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 95.9% white, 0.5% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 2.2% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.9% of the population.[26] In terms of ancestry, 32.4% were German, 17.0% were Irish, 11.3% were American, and 8.7% were English.[27]

Of the 3,479 households, 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 27.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age was 40.1 years.[26]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $58,661. Males had a median income of $40,234 versus $27,957 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,949. About 7.6% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.6% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.[28]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ A $62,257 capital expense in 1874 would be roughly equivalent to $15,000,000 in 2009.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b "Benton County QuickFacts".  
  2. ^ "Benton". Indiana Township Association. Retrieved 2010-09-12. 
  3. ^ a b "Duties". United Township Association of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Find a County – Benton County, IN". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  5. ^ Baker, Ronald L.; Carmony, Marvin (1975). Indiana Place Names. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. p. 12. 
  6. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. pp. 551–552. 
  7. ^ Williamson, Samuel H. (April 2010). Seven Ways to Compute the Relative Value of a U.S. Dollar Amount, 1774 to present. MeasuringWorth. Calculations made using Nominal GDP Per Capita, a measure of capital intensivity, using "the 'average' per-person output of the economy in the prices of the current year." This is a measure of the amount of capital and volume of labor required to reproduce the work over varying production methods, but assuming that money represents a proportion of the economy.
  8. ^ Counts, Will; Jon Dilts (1991). The 92 Magnificent Indiana Courthouses. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. pp. 14–15.  
  9. ^ "Benton County Wind Farms". Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  10. ^ "Duke Energy's GoGreen Power".  
  11. ^ "U.S. Wind Energy Projects - Indiana".  
  12. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County".  
  13. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Fowler, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  14. ^ a b  
  15. ^ a b c d  
  16. ^ State of Indiana Department of Local Government Finance. "2010 Budget Order (Benton County, Indiana)" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-02-19. 
  17. ^ "Government". United Township Association of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-06. 
  18. ^ "US Congressman Pete Visclosky". US Congress. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  19. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  20. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-01-23. 
  21. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  22. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  23. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  24. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  25. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  26. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data".  
  27. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  28. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  

Bibliography

  • Goodspeed, Weston A. (1883). "Part III. History of Benton County". Counties of Warren, Benton, Jasper and Newton, Indiana. Chicago: F. A. Battey and Company. pp. 213–407. Retrieved 2010-09-19. 

External links

  • Benton 4 Business (economic development)
  • Benton Community Foundation
  • Benton Community School Corporation
  • Sacred Heart Elementary School
  • Town of Earl Park
  • Earl Park annual fall festival

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