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Beit Lahia

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Title: Beit Lahia  
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Subject: North Gaza Governorate, Operation Days of Penitence, Yahya Ayyash, List of cities administered by the State of Palestine, Jabalia
Collection: Cities in the Gaza Strip, North Gaza Governorate
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Beit Lahia

Beit Lahia
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic بيت لاهيا
 • Also spelled Bayt Lahiya (official)
Beit Lahia, health centre
Beit Lahia, health centre
Official logo of Beit Lahia
Municipal Seal of Beit Lahia
Beit Lahia is located in the Palestinian territories
Beit Lahia
Location of Beit Lahia within Palestine
Coordinates:
Palestine grid 102/106
Governorate North Gaza
Government
 • Type City
 • Head of Municipality Izz al-Din al-Dahnoun
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 59,540
Name meaning "House of Lahi"[1]
Website www.bietlahia.mun.ps

Beit Lahia (Arabic: بيت لاهيا‎) is a city located in the Gaza Strip north of Jabalia, near Beit Hanoun and the 1949 Armistice Line with Israel. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the city had a population of 59,540 in mid-year 2006.[2] Hamas, an Islamist party, took control of it during the 2005 municipal elections, and is still administering the city, together with the entire Gaza Strip.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
    • Mamluk period 2.1
    • Ottoman Empire 2.2
    • Mandatory Palestine 2.3
    • Post-1948 2.4
  • References 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • External links 5

Geography

The word "Lahia" is Syriac and means "desert" or "fatigue". It is surrounded by sand dunes, some rise to 55 m (180 ft) above sea level. The area is renowned for its many large sycamore fig trees. The city is known for its fresh, sweet water, berries and citrus trees.[3] According to Edward Henry Palmer, "Lahia" was from "Lahi", a personal name.[1]

History

Beit Lahia has an ancient hill and nearby lay abandoned village ruins.[3] It has been suggested that it was Bethelia, home town of Sozomen, where there was a temple.[4] Ceramics from the Byzantine period have been found.[5] A mihrab, or mosque alcove indicating the direction of salaah (prayer), is all that remains of an ancient mosque to the west of Beit Lahia dating to the end of the Fatamid period and beginning of the Ayyubid Dynasty of Saladin, and two other mosques dating to the Ottoman period.[3]

Yaqut al-Hamawi († 1229) described "Bait Lihya" as being located "near Ghazzah", and he further noted that "it is a village with many fruit-trees".[6]

Mamluk period

A marble slab, deposited in the maqam of Salim Abu Musallam in Beit Lahia is inscribed in late Mamluk naskhi letters. It is an epitaph over four sons of the Governor of Gaza, Aqbay al-Ashrafi, who all died in the month of Rajab 897 (=29 April-9 May 1492 CE). It is assumed that the children died of the plague, described by Mujir al-Din, which ravaged Palestine in 1491-2.[7]

Ottoman Empire

In 1517, the village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in 1596, Beit Lahia appeared in Ottoman tax registers as being in nahiya (subdistrict) of Gaza under the liwa' (district) of Gaza. It had a population of 70 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summer crops, vineyards, fruit trees, goats and/or beehives.[8]

During the late Ottoman period, in May 1863, the French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village. He described it as "peopled by 250 inhabitants, it occupies an oblong valley, well cultivated, and surrounded by high sand-dunes, which cause a great heat. It is a little oasis, incessantly menaced by moving sand-hills, which surround it on every side, and would engulf it were it not for the continued struggle of man to arrest their progress".[9] In 1883 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as a "small village with fine gardens and groves of large and ancient olives in the middle of the sand. It has a well to the south [..] There is a small mosque in the village."[4]

Mandatory Palestine

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Bait Lahia had a population of 871, all Muslims,[10] increasing by the 1931 census to 1,133, still all Muslim, in 223 houses.[11]

In 1945 the population of Beit Lahiya consisted of 1,700 Arabs and the land area was 38,376 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[12] Of this, 134 dunams were designated for citrus and bananas, 1,765 for plantations and irrigable land, 15,185 for cereals,[13] while 18 dunams were built-up areas.[14]

Post-1948

On January 4, 2005 seven civilian residents of Beit Lahia, including six members of the same family, were killed, with the incident blamed on shelling by Israel Defense Forces (IDF) of the agricultural area where they were working. On June 9, 2006, eight civilians were killed by IDF shells, while picnicking on the northern Gazan beach in Beit Lahia. The dead included seven members of the Ali Ghaliya family.[15] The IDF disputed they were responsible.[16] The town is a frequent target of airstrikes by Israel and has been a battlefield between Israel and Hamas. The Ibrahim al-Maqadna mosque was hit by Israeli missiles in 2009, resulting in 13 deaths.

References

  1. ^ a b Palmer, 1881, p. 358
  2. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for North Gaza Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  3. ^ a b c Beit Lahaia Municipality of Gaza.
  4. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, pp. 233-234
  5. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 881
  6. ^ le Strange, 1890, p. 414
  7. ^ Sharon, 1999, pp. 149-151
  8. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 144
  9. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 176, as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 234
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Gaza, p. 8
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 2
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 45
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 86
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 136
  15. ^ The Guardian: Death on the beach: seven Palestinians killed as Israeli shells hit family picnic, June 10, 2006
  16. ^ Haaretz: IDF probe: Gaza beach blast not caused by wayward army shell

Bibliography

  • Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine. 
  •  
  • Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress. 
  •  
  •  
  • Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft.  
  • Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. 
  •  
  • Sharon, Moshe (1999). Corpus Inscriptionum Arabicarum Palaestinae, B-C II. BRILL.  
  • Strange, le, Guy (1890). Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500. Committee of the  

External links

  • Welcome To Bayt Lahiya
  • Survey of Western Palestine, Map 19: IAA,
  • Palestinian National Information Centre
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