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Bangladeshi people

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Bangladeshi people

This article is about people from Bangladesh as an ethnic identity and nation. For information on the population of Bangladesh, see Demographics of Bangladesh.
Bangladeshis
বাংলাদেশী
Total population
166 million approx.
2.28% of the world's population
Regions with significant populations
 Bangladesh 166,280,712[1]
 Saudi Arabia ~ 1,000,000
 United Arab Emirates ~ 1,090,000[2]
 United Kingdom ~ 500,000[3]
 Malaysia ~ 230,000[4]
 Kuwait ~ 150,000[5]
 United States ~ 143,619[6]
 Bahrain ~ 120,000
 Oman ~ 115,000[7]
 Australia 52,920[8]
 Canada ~ 24,595[9]
 Italy ~ 35,000[10]
   Nepal ~ 23,000[11]
 South Korea ~ 13,600[12]
 Japan ~ 11,000[13]
Languages
Bengali and Indigenous minority languages[14]
Religion
Islam 86% (incl. Cultural Muslims)[15]
Hinduism 12%
Buddhism 1%
Christianity[16] and others (such as Animists and non-religious) 0.4%.[17]

Bangladeshi people or Bangladeshis (বাংলাদেশী) are people who are citizens of Bangladesh. Bangladesh is largely ethnically homogeneous. Indeed, its name derives from the Bengali ethno-linguistic group, which comprises 98% of the countries population. They possess a rich culture and a language of their own called Bengali (বাংলা Bangla). The Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, Mymensingh and North Bengal divisions are home to diverse indigenous peoples. Today substantial populations with Bangladeshi ancestry exist in many different parts of the world as a result of emigration, notably in the Middle East, Japan, Malaysia, United Kingdom and United States. Population estimates of the diaspora vary from a conservative 7 million to 10 million people.

Ethnic groups

The vast majority (about 98.5%) of Bangladeshis are of the Bengali ethno-linguistic group. This group also spans the neighboring Indian province of West Bengal. Minority ethnic groups include Meitei, Khasi, Santhals, Chakma, Garo (tribe), Biharis, Oraons, Mundas and Rohingyas.

Bangladesh's tribal population was enumerated at 897,828 in the 1981 census.[18] These tribes are concentrated in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and around Mymensingh, Sylhet, and Rajshahi. They are of Sino-Tibetan descent and differ markedly in their social customs, religion, language and level of development. They speak Tibeto-Burman languages and most are Buddhist or Hindu.[18] The four largest tribes are Chakmas, Marmas, Tipperas and Mros. Smaller groups include the Santals in Rajshahi and Dinajpur, and Khasis, Garos, and Khajons in Mymensingh and Sylhet regions.

There are small communities of Meitei people in the Sylhet district, which is close to the Meitei homeland across the border in Manipur, India.

Culture

Languages

Although Bangladesh is home to 38 different languages, Bengali (Bangla) serves as the lingua franca of the nation, with 98% of Bangladeshis fluent in Standard Bengali or Bengali dialects as their first language. English, though not having official status, is prevalent across government, law, business, media and education, and can be regarded as the de facto co-official language of Bangladesh.[19][20]

The indigenous people of northern and southeastern Bangladesh speak a variety of native languages, notably Chakma and Shantali. The languages of those region are members of the Tibeto-Burman, Austroasiatic, and Dravidian families.

Religion

The majority of Bangladeshis are Muslims constitute 86.6% of the population, followed by Hindus, who constitute 12.1%, Buddhists 1%, and Christians, those who practice other religions and those who do not are the remainders.[21] Religion has always been a strong part of identity, but this has varied at different times. A survey in late 2003 confirmed that religion is the first choice by a citizen for self-identification. According to a government-published article, atheism is extremely rare.[22]

Diaspora

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population : Bangladesh: The World Factbook (July 2014 est.)". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2014-08-10. 
  2. ^ "Labor Migration in the United Arab Emirates: Challenges and Responses". Migration Information Source. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Channel S, working for the community". Chsuk.tv. Retrieved 2010-08-11. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "Bangladeshis storm Kuwait embassy". BBC News. 2005-04-24. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  6. ^ US Census 2000 foreign born population by country
  7. ^ Hasan, Rafiq (November 20, 2003). "4,000 Bangladeshis to return from Oman in December".  
  8. ^ Australian Government - Department of Immigration and Border Protection. "Bangladeshi Australians". Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations | Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census – 20% Sample Data". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-05-19. Retrieved 2010-08-11. 
  10. ^ UNB, Dhaka (2004-05-19). "The Daily Star Web Edition Vol. 4 Num 344". Thedailystar.net. Retrieved 2010-08-11. 
  11. ^ "Ethnologue report for language code: ben". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 2010-08-11. 
  12. ^ "체류외국인 국적별 현황", 《2013년도 출입국통계연보》, South Korea: Ministry of Justice, 2013, p. 290, retrieved 2014-06-05 
  13. ^ [国籍別外国人登録者数の推移]
  14. ^ Ethnologue. "Bangladesh". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  15. ^ "Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity. Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. August 9, 2012.
  16. ^ Bangladesh
  17. ^ [2] Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics (BANBEIS)
  18. ^ a b Ethnic and Linguistic Diversity, Bangladesh: A Country Study, Edited by James Heitzman and Robert Worden, Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1989.
  19. ^ Ethnologue.
  20. ^ http://www.scribd.com/doc/53272796/Sucess-of-English-language-in-Bangladesh-rec
  21. ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
  22. ^ "Bangladesh". State.gov. Retrieved 2013-08-16. 
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