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Archbishop of Athens

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Archbishop of Athens

Archbishop of Athens and All Greece
Archbishopric
Orthodox
120px
Incumbent:
Ieronymos II

Country: Greece
Diocese: Athens
Cathedral: Cathedral of Annunciation
First Incumbent: Saint Hierotheos
(as Bishop of Athens)
Formation: 1st century, but current establishment from 1822
Website: http://www.archdiocese.gr/

This is a list of Bishops, Metropolitans, and Archbishops of Athens. The Church of Athens was created by St. Paul during his second missionary journey, when he preached at the Areopagus, probably in 51 AD. According to the Acts of the Apostles (17:16–34), after the sermon, a number of people became followers of Paul, thus forming the kernel of the Church in Athens. The see of Athens has been unilaterally declared autocephalous on 4 August 1833 (officially recognized by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople on 11 July 1850), and was elevated to an archbishopric on 31 December 1923. As the head of the Church of Greece, the holder is styled Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (Αρχιεπίσκοπος Αθηνών και πάσης Ελλάδος).

Bishops of Athens

Roman Period

List of Roman period Bishops of Athens
No. Incumbent From Until
1 Hierotheus ? 52
2 Dionysius I 52 96
Vacant 96 117
3 Narcissus 117 c. 120
4 Publius c. 120 125
5 Quadratus 125 129
Vacant 129 ?
6 Leonidas ? 250
7 Olympius ? ?
8 Pistus ? c. 325
9 Clematius c. 325 ?

Byzantine Period (395–1204)

List of Byzantine period Bishops of Athens
No. Incumbent From Until
1 Modestus c. 431 c. 451
2 Athanasius I c.451 c. 458
3 Anatolius c. 458 c. 459
4 John I c. 459 c. late 5th century
Vacant 6th century c. 680
5 John II c. 680 c. 694
6 Contias c. 694 c. 702
7 Theocharistus c. 702 c. 704
8 Marinus c. 704 c. 714
9 John III c. 714 ?

Metropolitans of Athens

Byzantine Period (395–1204) continued

List of Byzantine period Metropolitans of Athens
No. Incumbent From Until
1 Gregory I c. 780 c. 810
2 Adamantius c. 810 c. 819
3 John IV c. 819 9th century
4 Theodosius 9th century
5 Hypatius 9th century
6 Demetrius I 9th century
7 Germanus I (Archbishop) 9th century 841
8 Demetrius II 841 846/857
9 Gabriel I 846/857 858/860
10 Gregory II 858/860 9th century
11 Cosmas 9th century 869/870
12 Nicetas I 869/870 881?
13 Sabbas I c. 881
14 Anastasius 881? 889
15 Sabbas II 889 914
16 George I 914 922
17 Nicetas II 922 927
18 Constantine 927 965?
19 Philip 965? 981
20 Theodegius 981 c. 1007
21 Michael I c. 1007 c. 1030
22 Leo I c. 1030 1061
23 Leo II 1061 1069
24 John V 1069 c. 1087
25 Nicetas III c. 1087 1103
26 Nicephorus 1103 c. 1112
27 Gerasimus? ? ?
28 George II c. 1156/7
29 Nicholas I 1166 1172
30 Michael II 12th century
31 Theophylactus 12th century
32 George III 12th century c. 1172
33 George IV c. 1172 c. 1180

Latin Period (1204–1456)

List of Latin period Metropolitans of Athens
No. Incumbent From Until
1 Michael III 1182 1222?
2 Meletius I 1275 1289
3 Elias 1289 c. 1300
4 Neophytus I c. 1300 c. 1336
5 Anthimus I c. 1336 1366
6 Nicodemus 1371 c. 1387
7 Dorotheus I c. 1387 c. 1394/5
8 Makarius I c. 1394/5 c. 1432
9 Gerbasius c. 1432 1440
10 Phantinus 1440 1443?
11 Theodore 1443? c. 1453

Ottoman Period (1456–1822)

List of Ottoman period Metropolitans of Athens
No. Incumbent From Until
1 Isidore c. 1456 c. 1472
2 Dorotheus II c. 1472 c. 1489
3 Anthimus II c. 1489 c. 1492
4 Neophytus II c. 1492 c. 1528
5 Lawrence 1528 1546
6 Callistus 1550 1564
7 Sophronius I 1565 1574?
8 Nicanor 1574 1592
9 Theophanes I 1592 1597
10 Neophytus III 1597 1602
11 Samuel 1602 1602
12 Nathaniel 1602 1606
13 Anthimus III 1606 1611?
14 Cyril I 1611 1619?
15 Metrophanes 1619 1620?
16 Theophanes II 1620? 1633
17 Sophronius II 1633 1636
18 Daniel 1636 1665
19 Anthimus IV 1665 1676
20 Iakovos I 1676 1686
21 Athanasius II 1686 1689
22 Makarius II 1689 1693
23 Anthimus V 1693 1699
24 Cyril II 1699 1703
25 Meletius II 1703 1713
26 Iakovos II 1713 1734
27 Zachary 1734 1740
28 Anthimus VI 1741 1756
(28) Anthimus VI 1760 1764
29 Bartholomew 1764 1771?
30 Neophytus IV 1771? 1775
(29) Bartholomew 1775 1780
31 Gabriel II 1781? 1781?
32 Benedict 1781 1785
33 Athanasius III 1785 1787
(32) Benedict 1787 1797?
(33) Athanasius III 1797? 1799
34 Gregory III 1799 1820
35 Dionysius II 1820 1823

Modern Period (1827–present)

List of Modern period Metropolitans of Athens
No. Incumbent From Until
1 Gregory IV 16 September 1827 March 1828
2 Anthimus VII March 1828 27 July 1833
3 Neophytus V 2 December 1833 10 January 1862
4 Michael IV 13 January 1862 2 August 1862
5 Theophilus 8 August 1862 15 July 1873
6 Anthony 9 August 1873 15 May 1874
7 Procopius I 8 June 1874 11 February 1889
8 Germanus II 17 July 1889 30 January 1896
9 Procopius II 23 October 1896 21 November 1901
10 Theocletus I 17 November 1902 11 October 1917
11 Meletius III 13 March 1918 29 November 1920
(10) Theocletus I 29 November 1920 16 December 1922
12 Chrysostomos I 8 March 1923 31 December 1923

Archbishops of Athens

Modern Period (1827–present) continued

List of Modern period Archbishops of Athens
No. Incumbent From Until
1 Chrysostomos I 31 December 1923 22 October 1938
2 Damaskinos 5 November 1938 1 December 1938
3 Chrysanthus 12 December 1938 2 July 1941
(2) Damaskinos 2 July 1941 20 May 1949
4 Spyridon 4 June 1949 21 March 1956
5 Dorotheus 29 March 1956 26 July 1957
6 Theocletus II 7 August 1957 8 January 1962
7 Iakovos III 13 January 1962 25 January 1962
8 Chrysostomos II 14 February 1962 11 May 1967
9 Ieronymos I 14 May 1967 12 December 1973
10 Seraphim 12 January 1974 10 April 1998
11 Christodoulos 28 April 1998 28 January 2008
12 Ieronymos II 7 February 2008 Present

See also

External links

  • (Greek) Archdiocese of Athens Official website.
  • (Greek) Ιστορία της Εκκλησίας των Αθηνών: Διατελέσαντες Αρχιεπίσκοποι και Μητροπολίτες Αθηνών. Ιεράς Αρχιεπισκοπής Αθηνών.
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