Al-Mubahila

Eid al-Mubahila is an annual Muslim commemoration of Mubahila,[1][2] when Muhammad and the Christians of Najran gathered to debate - and imprecate - each other.

The term mubahila in Arabic means "debate" or "imprecate".

Details

The event of Mubahilah took place in the 9th year of Hijra. A deputation of 14 Christian (najran) scholars came to discuss the truth of Islam with the Holy Prophet (sa) Arguments were put forward by both sides. Several days went by The Christians did not listen to reason. Then Allah revealed the following verses: "Verily, the likeness of E’essa/Jesus with Allah is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, then He said unto him:”Be, and he was” (This is ) the truth from your Lord (O Muhammad), so be not of those who doubt. And whoso disputes with you concerning him after the knowledge which has come unto you, say (unto them): “Come We will summon our sons and you your sons, and our women and you your women, and our ‘selfs’ and your ‘selfs’, and then will pray humbly (to the Lord) and invoke the curse of Allah upon those who lie. (The Holy Quran, 3:58,59 and 60 )Muhammad ordered that in a field outside Medina a thin black abaya be used as a shade between two trees. The Christian chiefs and dignitaries of Najran stood in orderly ranks on one side of the field while Muhammad, together with Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Hussain stood on the other. There, Muhammad recited the tathir verse and addressed the Ahl al-Bayt. The accepted to pay jizya and agreed to come to terms. On behalf of Muhammad, Ali signed a peace treaty with the Christians.

References

External links

  • Read the exegesis of this verse in Tafseer al-Mizan.
  • Eid-e-Mubahila
  • Mubahila Islamic Literature
  • The Event of Mubahila @ islamicthought.co.uk
  • The Event of Mubahila @ sibtayn.comde:Mubahala
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.